Newspapers Rome was the first empire that established a system to circulate information among its people, called Diary Act Daily Events , handwritten news sheets with data on political events, trials, military campaign, executions, etc. They also had the Acta Senatus, a record of proceedings in the Roman Senate, which was only accessible to the public after the reforms introduced by Julius Caesar during his reign. The Right Rome being a slave society where one could own property and human beings, it was necessary to regulate property, establish rules and know how to punish those who broke the law.
Thus arises the Roman Law, which contemplates norms, laws, codes and dispositions that regulate the behavior in the civil, penal, property, inheritance, diplomacy and family field. Its influence was such that today, practically, all the civil codes of Europe and America are inspired by the Roman Law. Likewise, it was they who formed the concept of a republic, according to which public officials are elected by the people through suffrage and according to their merits.
Notion very present in today's democratic states. A basic Roman grid was characterized by a rectangle or square in an orthogonal layout of streets, in which the two main streets would intersect at right angles in the center of the grid.
In this way, it was easier and more natural to organize the different components of the city; Housing, theaters, public baths, markets and shops in private blocks. With this configuration they constructed cities from Great Britain to North Africa, Italy and also throughout the Eastern Mediterranean region. Sewage and sanitation Rome had an extensive network of sewers and drainage that ran along the streets, connected to most of the houses in the city, and which was washed with runoff water from local streams.
Waste was discharged into the nearest river usually the Tiber. In short, ancient Rome was a nation within which inventions that changed the course of human nature and the development of different civilizations emerged or were improved in fields as diverse as architecture, agriculture, medicine or sport.
References Cartwright, Mark Roman Architecture. Recovered from: ancient. The illustrated little Larousse Dictionary encyclopedic. Sixth edition. International co-edition. Roman engineers improved on arches by flattening their shape to create what is known as a segmental arch and repeating them at various intervals to build stronger supports that could span large gaps when used in bridges and aqueducts. Along with columns, domes and vaulted ceilings, the arch became one of the defining characteristics of the Roman architectural style.
Early Roman calendars were likely cribbed from Greek models that operated around the lunar cycle. But because the Romans considered even numbers unlucky, they eventually altered their calendar to ensure that each month had an odd number of days. This practice continued until 46 B. Caesar lengthened the number of days in a year from to the now-familiar and eventually included the 12 months as we know them today.
The Julian calendar was almost perfect, but it miscalculated the solar year by 11 minutes. These few minutes ultimately threw the calendar off by several days.
This led to the adoption of the nearly identical Gregorian calendar in , which fixed the discrepancy by altering the schedule of leap years. The Twelve Tables and the Corpus Juris Civilis Subpoena, habeas corpus, pro bono, affidavit—all these terms derive from the Roman legal system, which dominated Western law and government for centuries.
The basis for early Roman law came from the Twelve Tables, a code that formed an essential part of the constitution during the Republican era. First adopted around B. The Romans made varies of contributions to the Western Civilization, but a few are the most important of all. Rome was the most important civilization to the Western World. It had left a great legacy behind by paving the road for the spread of Christianity, forming the basis for the republic, and allowing for a widespread diffusion of culture.
In …show more content… Chisp, , pg 8 From the earliest years of the Republic, the Romans fought to defend themselves against their neighbors and to extend their territory. The Romans were tough fighters, but they were also politically astute, making military alliances with other cities in order to bring them under Roman control. Chisp, pg.
Dictionary encyclopedic. The Etruscans contributed to the organization and urban planning of the city.
Recovered from: historiaybiografias. What were the great contributions of Rome to the world?
They created a legacy that proved to be as dominant as it was long lasting and many roman principles are embodied in their modern instructions. Notion very present in today's democratic states.
It took little time for it to become the capital of an empire with a million inhabitants. Recovered from: romaaantigua. They were even known to disinfect instruments in hot water before use, pioneering a form of antiseptic surgery that was not fully embraced until the 19th century. Pellini, Claudio These roads were often managed in the same way as modern highways.
The Julian calendar It owes its name to its inventor, Julius Caesar , Who created it with the aim that the whole Roman Empire shared a common calendar. This led to the adoption of the nearly identical Gregorian calendar in , which fixed the discrepancy by altering the schedule of leap years. In fact, it will be seen that the public, had great relevance in the surrounding environment. The Invasion of the Barbarians Forced her to organize her military defense and to retreat behind a wall Aureliano.
What were the great contributions of Rome to the world? Highways allowed the Roman legion to travel as far as 25 miles per day, and a complex network of post houses meant that messages and other intelligence could be relayed with astonishing speed. General culture History biology Other phrases Literature The 10 Most Important Contributions of Rome Some of the most important contributions of Rome to humanity are the bridges, the Julian calendar, the concrete, the basilicas and the sewers.
Aqueducts and bridges They were built with the purpose of bringing fresh water to urban centers from distant sources. With the appointment of Constantinople as the second capital, the decline of Rome began, which was only stopped because of its quality as the seat of the Christian papacy and capital of the Papal States. Dictionary encyclopedic. General culture History biology Other phrases Literature The 10 Most Important Contributions of Rome Some of the most important contributions of Rome to humanity are the bridges, the Julian calendar, the concrete, the basilicas and the sewers. These few minutes ultimately threw the calendar off by several days. In …show more content… Chisp, , pg 8 From the earliest years of the Republic, the Romans fought to defend themselves against their neighbors and to extend their territory.