Also, the scheme does not define the beneficiaries properly. The bill says that States will provide the list of the poor but they have no such records. So, whether it will reach the right persons is hypothetical. Not enough resources- Moreover, to implement this scheme, the total estimated annual food grains requirements will be Given the rising costs of the scheme and rising population, its sustainability is under question.
This is a mega program and will require a huge food subsidy. The cost of it will go up from 0. This is a serious increase in a situation where the government does not have enough resources as it is. Aadhar scheme and direct cash transfer both are in their trial stages. Seventy five percent of rural and fifty percent of the urban population entitled to five kg foodgrains per month at Rs 3, Rs 2, Rs. Priority households under Antyodaya Anna Yojna are entitled to get 35 kgs per household per month.
To meet this commitment, the government currently procures about 30 per cent of grain. The NFSB commits 62 million tonnes, i. The Budget of allocates Rs. The Budget allocation for the food subsidy in is Rs 90, crore. According to our estimates, the food subsidy will increase from Rs 80, crore in to Rs 1,11, crore, under the NFSB.
Thus, the NFSB implies an increase of just over Rs 30, crores in financial terms and 4 million tonnes in real grain terms. Can India afford this?
Speaking at the same discussion, Amartya Sen made a pertinent point — that the reason why it is more difficult to reduce subsidies enjoyed by the middle classes fuels such as LPG, petrol and diesel is that the beneficiaries of those are more vocal than the rural poor or children under six who benefit from the food subsidies.
All the while, it has been a satisfying journey. I am sure together we can fulfill this dream. The day is not far off, when India will be known the world over for this important step towards eradication of hunger, malnutrition and resultant poverty By providing food security to 75 percent of the rural and 50 percent of the urban population with focus on nutritional needs of children, pregnant and lactating women, the National Food Security Bill will revolutionize food distribution system.
Social security to the citizens of a highly lauded democratic nation like ours cannot be calculated in mere monetary terms. The subsidies for ensuring food security should be considered supremely inevitable and the surplus would just have to balanced somewhere like implying cuts in humongous import subsidies bequeathed for oil, gold etc.
The 12th Five Year Plan has also taken steps to identify the beneficiaries of various schemes specific to each scheme. The SECC expected to submit its report by April discerns poverty as a multidimensional factor rather than on consumption expenditure terms alone.
This must change. The food security bill, with all its limitations, will hopefully contribute to generating such awareness,… Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Comprehensive Agrarian ReformPresentation Transcript 1.Countries and agricultural multinationals position their supply systems, according tothe global market. Food supply requires a systematic analysis of the food production processes… National Food Security Bill Only three percent of Indians pay income tax; our tax-GDP ratio is among the lowest in the world. This must change. The food security bill, with all its limitations, will hopefully contribute to generating such awareness,… Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Comprehensive Agrarian ReformPresentation Transcript 1.
Failure to define the beneficiaries are some of the shortcomings of the bill. Thomas stated in an interview, This is no mean task, a task being accomplished in the second most populated country in the world. Moreover, the policy orientation is disproportionately favourable towards some sectors such as infrastructure, compared to food and health care.
Food security is necessary but not sufficient for nutrition security. Things are not very clear how it will be initiated. It is conclusive that all the matters mentioned above have to be dealt with at the earliest and thus a whole revamp of the program has to be implemented. The current environ in the cities shows us that a large population living in the cities are unemployed and even if employed are in the unorganized sector. One plan is to bring the food bill ordinance next week and the other one between May 22 and The Budget of allocates Rs.
But curtailing the total number of beneficiaries and reducing the benefits to the poorest has not found acceptance with the party leadership, sources said. The current environ in the cities shows us that a large population living in the cities are unemployed and even if employed are in the unorganized sector. The 12th Five Year Plan has also taken steps to identify the beneficiaries of various schemes specific to each scheme.
If the bill is passed, it will need to come up with as much as 1. Production of food in cities is in many cases a response of the urban poor to inadequate, unreliable and irregular access to food, and the lack of purchasing power. For reducing loopholes in PDS system government must take lessons from Chattisgarh government where after the delivery is made to PDS branch, all the beneficiaries get a message though mobiles about the same, so they know about it and reach to PDS branch on time. Bhalla, three economists responded, "
Given the rising costs of the scheme and rising population, its sustainability is under question. To meet this commitment, the government currently procures about 30 per cent of grain. Bhalla, three economists responded, " The price of pulses has gone up, making them out of reach for many. Existing prices for APL households i. There are, no doubt, many positives to the new legislation, such as coverage of up to 75 per cent of eligible priority households in rural areas, the importance given to women as the head of the household for issue of ration cards, inclusion of pregnant and lactating women for free meals some in government wanted to take away this entitlement from women ho bear more than two children but the idea was sensibly dropped , and setting up of State Food Commissions to investigate violations of entitlements.
Nobody is claiming that it does, nor is that the purpose of the Bill. The government could now consider restoring the monthly allocation to the poorest back to 35 kg of rations per family. It is conclusive that all the matters mentioned above have to be dealt with at the earliest and thus a whole revamp of the program has to be implemented. Production of food in cities is in many cases a response of the urban poor to inadequate, unreliable and irregular access to food, and the lack of purchasing power. Such tax breaks are often justified on the grounds of the employment potential of the gems and jewellery industry. In addition nutritional poverty can be identified from the results of National Family Health Survey.