The purpose of this page is to provide a list of sources used in your paper so that the reader can easily look up all of the materials you cited. One of the first rules you should observe on your reference page: If you cited the article in your paper, it must appear in the reference list. Conversely, if a source appears on your reference page, it must be cited somewhere in your paper.
Your references should begin on a new page with the title References centered at the very top. Do not underline, italicize or place quotation marks around the References title. Some More Basic Reference Page Rules Your references should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each source. All references should be double-spaced. Each reference should use a hanging indentation: the first line of the reference should be flush left, but each additional line of the reference needs to be indented.
In article titles, only the first letter should be capitalized. If a colon appears in the title, the first letter after the colon should also be capitalized. The title should not be placed in quotations, underlined or italicized.
All major words in the title of a journal should be capitalized; i. The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Longer works such as books and journals should appear in italics. In the case where the same author is cited multiple times for different works, start by listing these references in chronological order with the oldest reference appearing first and working your way up to the most recent one.
In APA format papers, tables are generally used to describe the results of statistical analysis and other pertinent quantitative data. However, it is important to note that tables are not simply used to replicate data that has already been presented in the text of the paper and not all data should be presented in a table.
If you have little numeric information to present, it should be described in the text of your paper. The official APA publication manual recommends designing your table with the reader in mind.
Strive to communicate data in a way that is clear and easy to understand. Basic Rules for Tables All tables should be numbered e. Table 1, Table 2, Table 3. Each table should have an individual title, italicized and presented with each word capitalized except and, in, of, with, etc. Try to ensure that your title is neither too general nor too specific.
Type it in point Times New Roman font, double-spaced, with one-inch margins on all sides. Add the title at the top of the page in the header section with the words "Running head:".
Single space this section at the top of the page and center it. Type or write out the abstract. Center and bold the word "abstract. If the mandatory "one-page" paper is not literal, then the abstract and the body are the only parts that will go on the single page.
As a former English teacher for high school students, I offer you this checklist of 15 rules to refer back to when you need help on formatting a particular element in your paper. It does not matter the type of academic paper that you are writing—a research paper, thesis paper, term paper or dissertation—APA style format remains the same. My advice applies to the latest edition of APA style which is the 6th edition. You should do most of the pre-formatting for margins, typeface and size, and page numbering before you write the first sentence.
It's now recommended that you use two spaces after a period that ends a sentence instead one space because two spaces enhance the readability of the paper. If you have a habit of spacing only after a period that ends a sentence, you can use your word processor's "Find and Replace" function to change all instances to two spaces.
Example of two spaces after a period. Times New Roman is a standard font installed on all computers. You have no reason to use a different font. All text in the paper should use this font and type size. For high school students: always type your APA style paper; do not hand write the paper. Never use a size above 12 pt for Times New Roman to make your paper appear longer than it truly is.
Times New Roman looks like this Times New Roman font - Use 12 pt. Instead, APA style uses in-text citations and a Reference page. Example of In-Text Citations Example of in-text citations in body of main text of paper. Example of References page All in-text citations will appear on a separate References page at the end of your paper. Think of it as an alphabetized "endnotes page. You do not bold-face the word References. It should be plain text. Rule 4: Headings Throughout the main text, you may use headings to break up the text into different sections.
APA style has five levels of headings, each of which indicates main headings and various sub-headings based on the way you format them. Level one is centered and bold; level two is flush left and bold; level three is flush left, bold, and italicized; level four is indented, bold, and italicized; and level five is indented and italicized.
Study my examples below. This will show you how APA style wants you to format multiple headings in the main text of your paper.When your professor requests that you write your paper according to APA style the official style of the American Psychological Oneyou will need to follow several formatting rules that will make your paper apa coherent and easier to read. While many of these rules seem basic across all types of writing, APA style does have a handful of specific and unique rules that you must obey. As a former How teacher for high school students, Buy management dissertation chapter offer you write checklist of 15 rules to refer back to paper you need help on formatting a particular element in your paper. It does not matter the type of academic paper that you are writing—a research paper, thesis paper, term paper or page style format remains the same.
Scroll down and look at the additional tables in the essay in APA format example found below. The running head is always flushed left at the top. To do this, indent and type Keywords: in italics.
Your title will appear centered both horizontally and vertically. If the mandatory "one-page" paper is not literal, then the abstract and the body are the only parts that will go on the single page. Capitalize the first letter for each important word. Begin a new section with the Discussion. A title.
Insert page numbers justified to the right-hand side of the APA format paper do not put p. It should consist of no more than two paragraphs, including in-text citations to be referenced in the footnote of the paper. There will be no room for sections in a one-page paper. Discuss whether or not your hypothesis was confirmed or not supported by your results. Try to ensure that your title is neither too general nor too specific.
Preparing outlines Outlines are extremely beneficial as they help writers stay organized, determine the scope of the research that needs to be included, and establish headings and subheadings. Times New Roman font - Use 12 pt. If the title is extremely long, use the first several words of the title. All references should be double-spaced. To do this, indent and type Keywords: in italics.
If your title is long over 50 characters , this running head title should be a shortened version of the title of your entire paper. Rule Spacing Always use double-spaced text, leaving a blank line between each line of text. My advice applies to the latest edition of APA style which is the 6th edition. Begin a new section with the Results. The first letter of each heading should be capitalized. Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article.
Hanging indention techniques are used for specific areas of the paper, such as the alphabetized sources on the Reference page. This theory is justified with valid evidence. The running head is always flushed left at the top. This can be multi-purpose paper commonly used for inkjet and laser printers and photocopy machines. Instead, mention key highlights and tell the reader what to look for in your table. However, APA style does allow the bottom margin to have some text placed in it, if this is required to avoid having a widow i.
If they reinstate what you already have in your text, then it is not necessary to include a graphic. The title of the article should then follow, with only the first word and any proper nouns capitalized. This means your full name appears two spaces below the title. All text on the title page should be double-spaced.
The APA format examples paper below displays proper spacing, so go take a look!