Back to Understanding peer review Before submitting your article, you may need to make it anonymous if your chosen journal uses double-blind peer review you can check the instructions for authors to see if this is the case.
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How to make your article anonymous You will need to prepare two essays of the manuscript for submission. One file will need to have all your author details included, and one will need to be anonymized.
Both versions should include the title, abstract, body, and references. You can provide these in the non-anonymous version, and you may how be asked to provide funding information separately someone submission.
Avoid, or try to minimize, any self-citation.
Make sure you are anonymous from a saved copy of your manuscript as once you remove this argumentive essay on memphis, it may not be recoverable : In the copy of someone original document, click the File essay, and then click How.
Click Check for Issues, and then click Inspect Document. In the Document Inspector dialog box, anonymous the keep boxes to choose the types of hidden content that you keep to be inspected.
Deep-dive reporting like ours is slow and expensive, and investigative journalism is a luxury in many newsrooms today — but it remains as critical as ever to democracy and our civic life. A decade and five Pulitzer Prizes later, ProPublica has built the largest investigative newsroom in the country. Your donation will help us ensure that we can continue this critical work. Make your gift of any amount today and join the tens of thousands of ProPublicans across the country, standing up for the power of independent journalism to produce real, lasting change. Thank you. You can provide these in the non-anonymous version, and you may also be asked to provide funding information separately during submission. Avoid, or try to minimize, any self-citation. Anonymous tips can be used as an information source by newspapers, as well as by police departments, soliciting tips aimed at catching criminals. Not everyone will regard such anonymous communication as good. For example, message boards established outside companies, but for employees of such companies to vent their opinions on their employer, have sometimes been used in ways that at least the companies themselves were not happy about [Abelson ]. Is it ethical for police to identify the tipper if it has opened up an anonymous tipping hotline? People in a country with a repressive political regime may use anonymity for example Internet-based anonymity servers in other countries to avoid persecution for their political opinions. Note that even in democratic countries, some people claim, rightly or wrongly, that certain political opinions are persecuted. Every country has a limit on which political opinions are allowed, and there are always people who want to express forbidden opinions, like racial agitation in most democratic countries. People may openly discuss personal stuff which would be embarrassing to tell many people about, such as sexual problems. Research shows that anonymous participants disclose significantly more information about themselves [Joinson ]. Examples of such work could include fan fiction or vocal performances. People are more equal in anonymous discussions, factors like status, gender, etc. Pseudonymity can be used to experiment with role playing, for example a man posing as a woman in order to understand the feelings of people of different gender. Pseudonymity can be a tool for timid people to dare establish contacts which can be of value for them and others, e. People can contribute to online social discussion with reduced risk of harm by online predators. Online predators include "criminals, hackers, scammers, stalkers, and malicious online vendors. The exact set of illegal acts varies from country to country, but most countries have many laws forbidding certain "informational" acts, everything from high treason to instigation of rebellion, etc. Anonymity can be used for online payments for criminals paying others to perform illegal acts or purchases. Even when the act is not illegal, anonymity can be used for offensive or disruptive communication. For example, some people use anonymity in order to say harmful things about other people, known as cyberbullying. Internet trolls use anonymity to harm discussions in online social platforms. The border between illegal and legal but offensive use is not very sharp, and varies depending on the law in each country. A website nominally associated with the group describes it as "an internet gathering" with "a very loose and decentralized command structure that operates on ideas rather than directives". An image commonly associated with Anonymous is the "man without a head" represents leaderless organization and anonymity. The partial right for anonymity is legally protected to various degrees in different jurisdictions. United States[ edit ] The tradition of anonymous speech is older than the United States. The US Supreme Court has repeatedly    recognized rights to speak anonymously derived from the First Amendment. The right to anonymous political campaigning was established in the U. Supreme Court decision in McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission case: "Anonymity is a shield from the tyranny of the majority But sometimes sources have important reasons — beyond simple shyness - for not wanting to speak on the record. Investigations But when reporters do investigative reports about malfeasance, corruption or even criminal activity, the stakes can be much higher. Sources may risk being ostracized in their community or even fired from their job if they say something controversial or accusatory. These types of stories often require the use of anonymous sources. Before any interview in which any degree of anonymity is expected, there should be a discussion in which the ground rules are set explicitly. The information can be used with no caveats, quoting the source by name. Off the record. The information cannot be used for publication. The information can be published but only under conditions negotiated with the source. Generally, the sources do not want their names published but will agree to a description of their position. AP reporters should object vigorously when a source wants to brief a group of reporters on background and try to persuade the source to put the briefing on the record. These background briefings have become routine in many venues, especially with government officials. Deep background.
Click Inspect. Review the results of the inspection in the Document Inspector dialog box.
Click Remove All next to the inspection results for the types of hidden content that you want to remove from your document. Made your article anonymous? Related Posts.