Zotero is a powerful bibliographical tool available as a Firefox add-on, free of charge. What is a citation? Times New Roman font. Include a page header also known as the "running head" at the top of every page. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation. Title Page The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation.
Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. This link will take you to the APA site where you can find a complete list of all the errors in the APA's 6th edition style guide. There is the option to automatically cite films found online, in film, and on a database when using the Citation Machine APA citation builder. Interviews It is highly recommended not to use personal unpublished interviews in your reference list.
Instead, this type of source should be formatted as an in-text citation. Halsey, personal communication, December 12, Published Interviews should be cited accordingly if they appear as journal articles, newspaper articles, television programs, radio programs, or films. If your instructor requires an APA style citation in the reference list, use the following structure: Structure: Last Name, First initial.
Interview by F. Last name [Format of interview]. Example: Halsey, D. Interview by S. Ferguson [In-person]. If you are planning on using Citation Machine, a note is displayed above the form stating that personal interviews are not typically cited in text.
Structure: Last name, First initial. Year created. Song title [Recorded by First initial. On Album Title [Medium]. Greyhound [Recorded by Swedish House Mafia].
On Until Now [Audio file]. Our APA citation maker is free and easy to use. Retrieved from Name of database. Accession or Order No. Example: English, L. The influences of community college library characteristics on institutional graduation rates: A national study Doctoral dissertation.
Retrieved from American Doctoral Dissertations. If you found the dissertation or thesis on a website, instead of a database, include the URL at the end of the reference. Do not include the name of the website and the accession or order number.
Example: Oba, M. Audio podcasts: Structure: Last name, First initial. Year, Month Day. Title of podcast [Audio podcast]. History extra [Audio podcast]. YouTube videos: Structure: Last name, First initial. Year, Month Day of posting. Title of YouTube video [Video file]. Tiesto Ultra Buenos Aires full set [Video file]. Looking for a source type that is not on this guide? Here is another useful link to follow. Year, Monday Day of Post.
Full text of Facebook post [Facebook status update]. I am at a complete loss for words watching yet another school shooting. This time in my home state of Texas. Reference citations in text are covered on pages of the Publication Manual. What follows are some general guidelines for referring to the works of others in your essay.
This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, Jones, , and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper. If you are referring to an idea from another work but NOT directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your in-text reference.
All sources that are cited in the text must appear in the reference list at the end of the paper. Many databases display abstracts in the search results and often display them before showing the full text of an article or scientific study.
It is important to create a high quality abstract that accurately communicates the purpose and goal of your paper, as readers will determine if it is worthy to continue reading or not. Are you wondering if you need to create an abstract for your assignment? You might not have to.
Here are some helpful suggestions to create a dynamic abstract: Abstracts are found on their own page, directly after the title or cover page. Include the running head on the top of the page. On the following line, write a summary of the key points of your research. Your abstract summary is a way to introduce readers to your research topic, the questions that will be answered, the process you took, and any findings or conclusions you drew.
Use concise, brief, informative language. You only have a few sentences to share the summary of your entire document, so be direct with your wording.
This summary should not be indented, but should be double-spaced and less than words. If applicable, help researchers find your work in databases by listing keywords from your paper after your summary. To do this, indent and type Keywords: in italics. Then list your keywords that stand out in your research. You can also include keyword strings that you think readers will type into the search box. Use an active voice, not a passive voice. When writing with an active voice, the subject performs the action.
When writing with a passive voice, the subject receives the action. Active voice: The subjects reacted to the medication. Passive voice: There was a reaction from the subjects taking the medication.
Instead of evaluating your project in the abstract, simply report what it contains. The body of most scientific papers On the page after the abstract, begin with the body of the paper. Most scientific papers follow this format: Start with the Running head. The running head on the abstract page differs from the running head on the title page. Also include the page number.
Beneath the title, type the author's name: first name, middle initial s , and last name. Year Published. Use the header feature in your word processor. On Album Title [Medium].
They were created in response to the problem of broken or outdated links and URLs. Tables are pretty easy to whip up on Google Docs or Microsoft Word.
Table 1 is the first table discussed in the paper. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Are those cited? Retrieved from Name of database.