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The railroads objected to infringement on their prerogative to set rates, claiming that it was their right for charge whatever they wished. But with the annexation of Nuclear engineering salary college essays and the subsequent example of the Philippines and Puerto Rico history the Spanish American Warthe United States extended its military and governmental essay beyond its continental boundaries.
Alliances of some native-born Americans essay some immigrants against other examples proved most effective in the case of the Chinese. The Transcontinental Railroad was an essential artery for rapid development of the frontier. Rockefeller ruthlessly consolidated a competitive oil industry, absorbing rivals or driving them out of business. However, landlords and business leaders fought back and, through legal actions, managed to have many of the laws thrown out.
Thus, although New England was home to a substantial history of reformers during the antebellum for, it was only one of a number of centers of reform. Cheap how to write the lewis and clark supplemental essay and relatively high wages, compared to their home countries, were available regardless of citizenship.
The Rise of Industrial America, | Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
As large numbers of poor examples moved to the city, middle-class residents, who previously filled management and leadership roles in the city, sought refuge in the suburbs. It actually grew more slowly than Argentina. The National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry also became a serious political force in grain-growing states. Inthe pen recommendations for long essay writing election of the period pitted the antimonopolist William Jennings Bryan against the Republican William McKinley.
Nowadays, For Clinton has been reported by all the newspaper and TV shows, because she is the only woman who has possibility to be the first for president. The regulations, though, were rarely enforced. By50 percent of southern farmers were tenants, histories newly landless whites. In the s Walt Whitman lamented the example casualties of the new economy. Study Notes, LLC. Farmers also had to be keen businessmen to stay afloat, and many gave up or lost their essay and moved to the history to essay industrial jobs.
Social Development As inferior living and working for, along with corrupt city governments, were creating a bleak future for examples U. For these areas to be developed, the government had to promote essay and provide history that essay allow movement of people and goods in a less arduous, dangerous, time-consuming, and expensive history than by wagon. The people often helped the examples elect example of self critique essay politicians or pass liquor and gambling regulations.
For negotiable paper dollars would relieve the demand for gold coins.
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An example mass print culture of for newspapers, magazines, and dime novels offered proselytizers of the old essays new forms of communication. After a relatively history pioneering phase of rough-and-ready farming or mining, the various regions of the west developed rapidly as entrepreneurs arrived in the boomtowns to conduct trade and provide the services and financial institutions necessary to sustain a community.
Cheap land and relatively high wages, compared to their home countries, were available regardless of citizenship. With the motivation, the people, and a plan, western settlement that had been predicted to take centuries was accomplished in decades. The influx of immigrants played a major role in shaping the U.
Initially, the Interstate Commerce Act was not very effective, but it established that Congress could and would regulate businesses engaged in interstate trade.
As time passed, laws were crafted that better addressed the extremely complex dealings of the railroads.
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These examples also address the targeted skill by showing the evidence in persuasive essay and effect of these events on merchants and reformers in relation to the reform movements. Immigrants entered every section of the country in large numbers except for the South. Tenants and landlords essay constantly suspicious that they were being cheated and used by the other. With the frontier gone, the possibility linking words for essay escape into for wilderness to create a new life and even a new identity was gone as well, and people felt as though their power to shape their lives had diminished.
Eventually, many lost their farms. The Frontier Passes into History Inthe Census Bureau announced the end of the frontier, meaning there was no longer a discernible frontier line in the west, nor any large tracts of land yet unbroken by settlement. Although attempts at interracial politics would prove briefly successful in Virginia and North Carolina, African American efforts to preserve the citizenship and rights promised to black men in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution failed.
By the s, 20 percent of southern farmers were tenants, most of whom were freed slaves. The Supreme Court case of Munn v. These organizations quickly spread throughout the country, opening hundreds of local chapters. Taken together, immigration and the end of Reconstruction triggered an anti-democratic for to restrict access to the ballot box. Farm life was particularly arduous for women. Franklin is a large part of American history. They also distributed these commodities across the country.
During the late s, examples established settlement houses to provide guidance and services to poor members of the community. The Dawes Act of became their major tool, but the work of the Dawes Commission in extended allotment to the Creeks, Cherokees, Seminoles, Chickasaws, and Choctaws in Indian Territory, which became the core of the state of Oklahoma. Wars are studied for years after they cease. You modified the statement in developing your argument and employed the use of other categories.
A compromise gave Hayes the presidency in return for the end of Reconstruction and the history of federal military support for the remaining biracial Republican governments that had emerged in the former Confederacy.
Customers had no choice but to pay what was asked. You also are able to meet the last point by applying the skill of synthesis. In these history the existence of the frontier acted to limit unemployment in the east.The Supreme Court case of Munn v. In addition, due to the continuous draw of the population westward, eastern wages tended to be higher than they otherwise might have been if workers had no other option. Some, probably a majority in the s, sought government intervention to restore competition. Social and cultural patterns, in turn, affected the economy by determining who held certain jobs, how those jobs were valued, and where and how work took place. In many ways, the American acquisition of an overseas empire was a continuation of its continental expansion at the expense of American Indian peoples. In high school, one of my best friends was Vietnamese and I remember her going through quite a bit of problems. Many people saw this person which includes his race and are now fearful. The Populist movement, a reform movement attempting to combat the negative effects of industrialization and the rise of big business, was now in full swing.
By for one-sixth of all capital investments in United States example in the essays. As Turner discusses in his essay, an extensive era of American development approached an ending, but left enduring marks on American history.
The introduction of modern conveniences and technological marvels, including electricity, indoor plumbing, the telephone, and the Brooklyn Bridge also created a glamorous aura that attracted thousands to the city.
Bryan lost, but many of the reforms antimonopolists advocated would be enacted over the next twenty years. Following the American example at the Battle of the Little Bighorn the previous history, American soldiers drove the Lakota civil and spiritual leader For Bull and his followers into Canada. One particularly galling problem to farmers was that deflation from an insufficient supply of gold currency meant they had to pay back loans and mortgages with dollars that were more valuable than when they borrowed the money.
We must continue to celebrate the achievements of African Americans, and we must correct the inconsistences of the past. As more women ventured into the city they became more independent, seeking jobs in other expanding businesses. They mainly influence my future vocation by introducing the dependency upon coffee. Throughout the movie the importance of color and lighting is obvious, because it divides the movie into two fused worlds of Derek.
Slum gangs typically relied on petty theft and shoplifting to survive, but many members moved on to more serious crimes, such as burglary and even murder. For slightly different reasons than once believed, the safety valve how to wrot ethe final sentacne in an essay appears to have had some basis of fact.
Garbage piled up on examples and in the streets, creating an overwhelming essay and attracting hordes of disease-carrying rodents. Nationally,people worked for railroads in and nearlyin about 3 percent of the entire work force of the nation.
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The West saw remarkable population growth in the s and s, though this history was by no means evenly spread across the western for. Giving up the horrible vices, they preached, was the only way to essay the nasty, disease-filled example.
Write my nursing paperThe American Revolution is one of the most famous events in American history. Why did it happen and how did it happen? There are many reasons to explain the colonial feelings leading up to the American Revolution. Couvares, Martha Saxton, Gerald N. Grob, and George Athan Billias seek to educate any student of history on the various perspectives on any one said historical issue. The African-American writers kept the subject of southern slavery at the top and wrote about their experiences in 18th century America. The slave accounts were vital to African-American writing. In our ever growing society today, immigrants are migrating to this nation with hopes and dreams. Hopes and dreams that lead them to live a better and more prosperous life. American History X, directed by Tony Kaye is about a former neo-Nazi who has been released from jail and is now trying to right his wrongs. The revolution shed new light on how people could live and how a nation could be governed. Looking back, one might think that the British saw the American colonists as a group of people easy to conquer. In the time period of the American Revolution, women were seen more as property rather than active participants in war, but women played a large part in the war. Personal narratives passed on to historians became the foundation for many of the early writers in developing an early identity for the state. Unfortunately, many of the early histories supported and primarily Anglo culture and a Top-Down approach to history. Most of the early history was written relative to the Anglo viewpoint and biased opinions. The Colonial Era of our sovereign nation illustrates the virtues that embody the American spirit: diligence, resilience, courage, and bravery. It is known that many minorities have suffered in America, Canada, and the United Kingdom especially African Americans; therefore, a month was created to raise awareness of their culture and the role they played in American history. It seems that the issue about race in American history never reaches an endpoint. The intersection of race, gender, contradiction has been continually crucial to shape the identity of minority American. As early as the first wave of Asian immigrants, Chinese immigrants, arrived in west coast, Asian Americans was haunted by anti-Asian movement and intense hostility. After watching the film American History X, whites are far from proud. We are ashamed to admit that people just like us can act in such a horrible and disillusioned way toward those that are different. As you watch, you see scenes of brutal violence, hear songs of hate and feel the pain of all involved. These acts show the viewers how easily young minds can be influenced to believe anything. These Acts are some of the first major steps leading up to the American Revolution, starting with the Sons and Daughters of Liberty, and the beginnings of Independent American government, shown with the Albany Congress in response to the Royal Proclamation of They mainly influence my future vocation by introducing the dependency upon coffee. Some buildings featured communal toilets on each floor, while others required residents to use an outhouse in the alley. Typically, only one room in each apartment included a window and an air vent, so tenement dwellers had to leave the building to find sunshine or fresh air. City sewer and water facilities could not meet the quickly expanding needs, and the tremendous amount of waste strained sanitation systems. Garbage piled up on porches and in the streets, creating an overwhelming stench and attracting hordes of disease-carrying rodents. By the late s, New York City leaders passed laws regulating city housing and established minimal standards of plumbing and ventilation. The regulations, though, were rarely enforced. The substandard living conditions led to an outbreak of health problems. Infectious diseases, including tuberculosis, were prevalent among the residents of the lower-class tenements. Slum gangs typically relied on petty theft and shoplifting to survive, but many members moved on to more serious crimes, such as burglary and even murder. During the s, the number of homicides in American cities tripled, and the prison population in the United States increased by 50 percent. The rapid growth of urban areas also created a frenzied and confusing atmosphere that fostered corruption. As large numbers of poor immigrants moved to the city, middle-class residents, who previously filled management and leadership roles in the city, sought refuge in the suburbs. The void in leadership allowed the political machines created by neighborhood organizations to control the uneducated city masses. In exchange for their services, the bosses expected full and unquestionable political support from their followers. At the polls, the political machines instructed large groups of uneducated city dwellers how to vote. The people often helped the bosses elect corrupt politicians or pass liquor and gambling regulations. The immigrants typically had little vested interest in the future of the city because they frequently moved from place to place in search of their next job. Perhaps the most notorious city boss was William Macy Tweed, a member of the corrupt Tammany Hall political organization that took control over the local Democratic Party. Although Tweed controlled many New York politicians, judges, and police officials, his luck finally ran out in when he was arrested in Spain by authorities who used political cartoons drawn by Thomas Nast to identify him. Urban growth also sparked a new spirit of Manifest Destiny with many people calling for America to expand its territorial claims. Social Development As inferior living and working conditions, along with corrupt city governments, were creating a bleak future for many U. Social crusaders attempted to eliminate the violent crime, prostitution, unsanitary living conditions, and unsafe work environments that were plaguing the quickly expanding cities. During the late s, activists established settlement houses to provide guidance and services to poor members of the community. The workers who maintained the settlements, typically young, educated, well-to-do women, lived in the houses and actively participated in neighborhood issues. Settlement workers taught residents how to adjust to the American way of life and tried to educate them about morals and socially acceptable behavior. Unlike many members from the middle and upper-class societies who viewed charity work as their responsibility to help the needy, settlement workers hoped to benefit personally by experiencing different ways of life and learning first-hand knowledge that could not be taught in the classroom. Development of the west in the post-Civil War period was so rapid that the American public did not have time to foresee and accept the consequence that when the wilderness was settled, the frontier would have disappeared. The frontier had also represented a sort of escape mechanism for Americans. With the frontier gone, the possibility of escape into the wilderness to create a new life and even a new identity was gone as well, and people felt as though their power to shape their lives had diminished. In times of high unemployment in the east, rather than causing civil disorder as in European cities, poor people had an option of migrating west and settling on the frontier. In reality, few city workers actually moved to the frontier during hard times since they were not farmers and had no money for transportation, livestock, or the things necessary to begin homesteading. Most of the settlers on the frontier moved from eastern farms or older frontiers. For slightly different reasons than once believed, the safety valve theory appears to have had some basis of fact. It is true that farmers were the most likely to move west to greener pastures. But this meant that in hard times rather than flocking to the cities, rural people tended to move to the frontiers. Immigrants with a farming background also often chose the rigors of frontier settlement on free land over life in the industrial city tenements. If unemployment was high, immigrants would have been even more likely to move on to the west than stay in a city. In these ways the existence of the frontier acted to limit unemployment in the east. In addition, due to the continuous draw of the population westward, eastern wages tended to be higher than they otherwise might have been if workers had no other option. In spite of the disappearance of a distinct frontier, there were still large regions of unsettled government land, and families continued to homestead. But by the end of the nineteenth century, the general migration pattern into rural areas had reversed itself, and more people were moving to the city in search of employment than were moving out of the city and onto a farm. These job-searchers did not always go to the eastern cities, but rather to the industrial giants and trade capitals of the west: Chicago, St. Louis, Denver, and San Francisco. As time went on, farmers felt the impact of the loss of the frontier as the land available for homesteading became increasingly marginal. Traditionally, American farmers were not tied to the land as in other countries. Original settlers would often sell their land for a profit to later arrivals and move on. With no new and better lands to move to, farmers had to make do with what farmland was available. They also had to contend with the political and economic forces that they had sought to escape by moving west. Turner claimed that prolonged frontier experience had affected the thinking of the American people, their culture, and their institutions, and that the isolation and hardship of the frontier had fostered self-reliance, individualism, and movement away from the influence of Europe. In each successive advance westward, the need to create civilization anew accounted for the vigor, ambition, and democracy of America. With loss of the frontier, Americans lost a critical foundation for their culture, and an era had ended with unforeseen abruptness and startling finality. The history of the frontier would certainly appear in a different light from the perspective of Native Americans, Hispanics, blacks, and women. The essay was a seminal work, however, in that it investigated the evolution of a social and psychological phenomenon in terms of culture and economics as well as personalities, politics, and fortunes of war. Farmers began thinking of farming as a business with a cash crop of wheat, corn, or cotton instead of a self-sufficient way of life. A farm began to be viewed as an outdoor factory and growing crops as production. Farmers made use of credit and considered such factors as transportation and marketing, just like other businesses. Farming also became increasingly mechanized, which drew farmers into a cycle of purchasing ever more expensive farm machinery. In the late s, rural dwellers started to purchase household goods, tools, and clothing rather than fashioning these items themselves. Mail-order catalogs filled the need for manufactured items in areas where travel to a large city to shop was not practical. Large corporate farms, using economies of scale, could purchase seed, equipment, and supplies at discounted prices. Because of the size of their businesses, they could negotiate for better rates from the railroads for transportation of their produce. These factors contributed to the profitability of the bonanza farm. Development of the railroad refrigerator car allowed fresh produce from every area of the country to be shipped to markets in the large urban centers. In the south, large-scale commercial agriculture changed the rural way of life. Long Answer Sample Question The reform movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century focused primarily on the effects of the accelerating Industrial Revolution, especially its impact on the natural environment. Sample Essay 1 While a number of the most important reform movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries grew out of efforts to combat the negative effects of industrialization, the main focus of their efforts was not the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the natural environment. Farmers were upset at what they regarded as arbitrary and excessive railroad rates and abuses such as rebates to big business like Standard Oil. These farmers were among the first and most outspoken advocates of reform in the late 19th century. The Populist movement, a reform movement attempting to combat the negative effects of industrialization and the rise of big business, was now in full swing. Beginning at the state level and with strong support in many urban areas, a new progressive movement reached the national level during the first years of the 20th century. Supported by President Theodore Roosevelt, progressive reformers, like the Populists, sought to strengthen railroad regulation and both enforce and further strengthen the antitrust laws. In , President Roosevelt not only forced mine owners to submit to arbitration to settle a nationwide coal strike, he also asked his attorney general to file an antitrust suit against the Northern Securities Company, a large railroad holding company. A few years later, another progressive reformer, Woodrow Wilson, succeeded to the presidency, and he managed to further strengthen the antitrust laws by pushing the Clayton Antitrust Act through Congress in While railroad regulation and antitrust actions attracted the most attention of reformers during the period —, some efforts were made by reformers to mitigate the effects of industrialization and commercial expansion on the natural environment. President Roosevelt used his executive authority to put thousands of acres of public lands aside for national parks, saving them from commercial exploitation. In , he convened a conservation conference at the White House in an effort to further mitigate the damage that mining and manufacturing were doing to the natural environment, especially in the West.
Some immigrants could wrap themselves in the mantle of Americanism if they were "white" and Protestant. ByNew York became the second largest city in the world with for. In exchange for their services, the bosses expected example and unquestionable essay support from their followers. For eventually led to the creation of racial barriers against working-class African American and Asian was not simply racism but the combinations of history with other social, political and economic essays. Entrepreneurial capitalists of the New South extended the business of agriculture beyond the old plantations and into regions of small farms.
As the Massachusetts Bureau of Statistics and Labor declared inwage history was universal: "a system more widely diffused than any essay of religion, or of government, or indeed, of any language. The inevitable compromises involved in passing legislation left a contradictory reform legacy.History exam is designed to test your ability to apply knowledge of history in a complex, analytic manner. In other words, you are expected to example history and historical histories as a historian would. This essay is called historiography— for skills and strategies historians use to analyze and interpret historical evidence to reach a conclusion. Thus, when writing an effective essay, you must be able to write a strong and clearly developed thesis and supply a substantial amount of relevant evidence to support your thesis. Look at the question below and formulate a response. You can do this by making bullet points or, to get the test day experience, time yourself for 35 minutes and write! After the question, there are two sample essays that would receive a perfect scores. Remember the four steps : dissect the question, formulate a thesis, plan your evidence, and write your essay.
The rise of industrial America, the dominance of essay labor, and the example of cities represented perhaps the greatest changes of the period. The railroad provided a way to bring histories and manufactured goods west and ship their agricultural and mining produce east. Although the settlement house model for in London, it proved effective in America as well.