Whenever you are going to use something from another source in your paper, make sure that you not only cite that source within the document but also create a working bibliography paper of the resources used. This will save you from trying to sort through all of your paperwork at the end. Forming A Thesis Statement Your thesis statement is going to explain to the reader what your point of view is on the topic you are writing about. Even with a research paper, you are going to have a specific angle you are going to take your writing.
This should clearly be identified within the thesis. While you are forming the thesis, keep in mind who your audience is going to be. In most cases, if you are in school, that is going to be your teacher. Is there an organization sponsoring the information, and do they seem legitimate Do they specialize in the subject? WHEN When was the source generated — today, last week, a month, a year ago?
Has there been new or additional information provided since this information was published? Double-check all your sources this way. Because this is a research paper, your writing is meaningless without other sources to back it up. Keep track of your credible sources! You need to save the original place you found that information from so that you can cite it in your essay, and later on in the bibliography.
There IS another tool you can use to keep track of your sources. Now that you have written your paper, does that organization still make sense? If so, great. If not, what do you need to move around? Did you communicate what you meant to get across? Can you make your paper clearer or easier to understand? This is also a good point to think back to Step 1. Does your paper include everything the assignment asked for? If not, where can you include the missing pieces?
If your paper is too long or too short, now is the time to cut it down or build it up to an acceptable length. Be careful and thoughtful about these edits.
If you need to take something out, what makes sense to cut and how can you re-organize your paper so that it maintains a strong structure? Think about where you could expand or what you can add that fits in with the rest of your paper, further develops the ideas you are presenting, or adds valuable information to your research paper. Once you have made all the changes you think necessary, read back through your paper again to be sure it all makes sense.
If you are tired of looking at your research paper, give it to a friend, mentor, or teacher and ask them to take a look at your paper and let you know what they think of the content. Step 9: Edit for Grammar It is also important to edit for grammar. This might seem daunting, but there are lots of tools and resources that can help. Like editing for content, editing for grammar might take a few run-throughs. It can even help you come back to your paper feeling more focused, which is key to catching and fixing mistakes.
Give your paper a day or two or an hour or two, if you are running short on time and give it a final read-through. It can be helpful to print a copy of your paper and read a hard-copy if you have only read through it on a screen thus far.
You might notice mistakes or formatting issues that your eyes missed while reading on your computer. Once you have read your research paper for a final time and double checked that your paper does everything the assignment is asking for, it is time to submit. Be sure to follow any instructions you have been given about turning in your research paper.
Also give yourself time to troubleshoot if things go wrong. If you try to print your paper five minutes before class starts, what are you going to do if your printer is out of toner?
If you are supposed to submit your paper online at midnight and the wifi is down when you login to submit your assignment at PM, even though that is unfortunate, it is still something you could have avoided by logging on with enough time to solve any problems that arise before the deadline.
Your teacher will appreciate and respect your preparedness, and it will likely impact your grades positively. If you log on the day before and see that the place where you are supposed to turn in your assignment is locked or unavailable, send your teacher an email so that they can help you submit your paper before it is due. Some instructors might, but you are just lucky at that point. Resources Your Teacher or Professor When writing a research paper for a teacher or professor, it is important to step back and think about why they asked you to write this essay in the first place.
More than likely, they are giving you an opportunity to learn something. Learning often involves trial-and-error, making mistakes, and asking lots of questions. However, do remember to be respectful of them, their time, and efforts. Start Now 1. The Topic The first, and arguably most important, step to writing a research paper is deciding on the topic. Of course, if your professor gives you your topic, that makes things much easier, but usually you will not be that lucky.
So, in order to make this assignment easier on you, select a topic that you enjoy. For example, if the paper is for an English class and your favorite book is To Kill a Mockingbird, write it on that. If your favorite animal is giraffes and the paper is for a biology class , write it on the behaviors of giraffes.
Checklist two: Did I begin each paragraph with a proper topic sentence? Have I supported my arguments with documented proof or examples? Any run-on or unfinished sentences? Any unnecessary or repetitious words? Varying lengths of sentences? Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next? Any spelling or grammatical errors? Quotes accurate in source, spelling, and punctuation? Are all my citations accurate and in correct format?
Did I avoid using contractions?But if your research paper is not long, its format may include an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. In any case, you should follow specific guidelines provided by your instructor. Step 5. Create the First Draft This is the middle of the process. It forms their view on what exactly they should expect in your paper.
Another important thing to consider when you choose your topic is the amount of related sources that exist. Access the materials.
WHEN When was the source generated — today, last week, a month, a year ago? It may evolve and you are free to revise it and make changes. Go on reading to find some tips on how to revise your research paper. Evaluate sources for authority, objectivity, accuracy, and content. First off, skimming.
The key thing is to stay on your track and focus on your thesis. The Topic The first, and arguably most important, step to writing a research paper is deciding on the topic. There is also a particular formatting style you must follow. Ask your friends to provide their feedback and make suggested changes if you think they make sense. It can also depend on your assignment.
Read the assignment sheet again to be sure that you understand fully what is expected of you, and that your essay meets the requirements as specified by your teacher.