See our handout on understanding assignments for additional information on the hidden clues in assignments. Decide how general or broad your opening should be. If you have ever used Google Maps or similar programs, that experience can provide a helpful way of thinking about how broad your opening should be.
Try writing your introduction last. The writing process can be an important way to organize your ideas, think through complicated issues, refine your thoughts, and develop a sophisticated argument. However, an introduction written at the beginning of that discovery process will not necessarily reflect what you wind up with at the end. You will need to revise your paper to make sure that the introduction, all of the evidence, and the conclusion reflect the argument you intend. Some people find that they need to write some kind of introduction in order to get the writing process started.
Consider these options remembering that they may not be suitable for all kinds of papers : an intriguing example—for example, Douglass writes about a mistress who initially teaches him but then ceases her instruction as she learns more about slavery. Pay special attention to your first sentence.
Start off on the right foot with your readers by making sure that the first sentence actually says something useful and that it does so in an interesting and polished way. If your friend is able to predict the rest of your paper accurately, you probably have a good introduction. Five kinds of less effective introductions 1. The placeholder introduction. If you had something more effective to say, you would probably say it, but in the meantime this paragraph is just a place holder.
Example: Slavery was one of the greatest tragedies in American history. There were many different aspects of slavery. Each created different kinds of problems for enslaved people. The restated question introduction. Use your imagination multiplied by skill. In this article, our experts will teach you the best essay Introduction tips possible and provide you with some helpful samples. What is an Introduction in an Essay Let us start with the definition of what is an introduction to an essay.
Essay introduction is your roadmap for the entire essay. It is a beginning paragraph that sets tone and path for the entire paper you are going to present to your reader. A good introduction to essay catches attention and makes your reader engaged right from the very start.
Enough talking about essay introduction definition for now. Let us not just introduce you to this thing. The simpler and more direct you can make it the better. If you have a good outline for your paper, this should be easy enough. The following strategies may help you move beyond merely summarizing the key points of your essay: If your essay deals with a contemporary problem, warn readers of the possible consequences of not attending to the problem.
Recommend a specific course of action. Use an apt quotation or expert opinion to lend authority to the conclusion you have reached. Give a startling statistic, fact, or visual image to drive home the ultimate point of your paper. If your discipline encourages personal reflection, illustrate your concluding point with a relevant narrative drawn from your own life experiences. Return to an anecdote, example, or quotation that you introduced in your introduction, but add further insight that derives from the body of your essay.
In a science or social science paper, mention worthwhile avenues for future research on your topic. How does genre affect my introduction or conclusion? Most of the advice in this handout pertains to argumentative or exploratory academic essays. Be aware, however, that different genres have their own special expectations about beginnings and endings. Some academic genres may not even require an introduction or conclusion.
An annotated bibliography, for example, typically provides neither. A book review may begin with a summary of the book and conclude with an overall assessment of it. A policy briefing usually includes an introduction but may conclude with a series of recommendations.
How do I write an interesting, effective introduction? What do we have to be prepared for?
Perhaps an anecdote about that time your friend read Moby Dick and hated it is not the best way to go. Works consulted We consulted these works while writing the original version of this handout. You may reproduce it for non-commercial use if you use the entire handout and attribute the source: The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. An annotated bibliography, for example, typically provides neither. You can start at the beginning or dive right into the heart of your essay.
Your reader should finish the introduction thinking that the essay is interesting or has some sort of relevance to their lives. Strategies for writing an effective introduction Start by thinking about the question or questions you are trying to answer. Perhaps an anecdote about that time your friend read Moby Dick and hated it is not the best way to go.
Notice that it starts with a broad statement and then narrows to focus on specific questions from the book. The introductions for most papers can be effectively written in one paragraph occupying half to three-quarters of the first page. But when used as an opportunity to observe human nature, as this writer does, it turns from ordinary to fascinating.
Is it a messy job? If the attention grabber was only a sentence or two, add one or two more sentences that will lead the reader from your opening to your thesis statement. This is true regarding the purpose of this brief but solid starting paragraph. You can let them know what your topic is, why it is important, and how you plan to proceed with your discussion. It could simply be a pertinent fact that explicitly illustrates the point you wish to make. Example: The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass discusses the relationship between education and slavery in 19th century America, showing how white control of education reinforced slavery and how Douglass and other enslaved African Americans viewed education while they endured.
Begin with an attention grabber. A good test to see if information should go in a body or introductory paragraph is to ask yourself a few questions. But the following guidelines will help you to construct a suitable beginning and end for your essay. How do I write an interesting, effective conclusion? What do we have to be prepared for? Keep in mind that you can always adjust your introductory paragraph later.
If you are having trouble with your intro, feel free to write some, or all, of your body paragraphs, and then come back to it. Finish the paragraph with your thesis statement. The writing process can be an important way to organize your ideas, think through complicated issues, refine your thoughts, and develop a sophisticated argument. Some general advice about introductions Some students cannot begin writing the body of the essay until they feel they have the perfect introduction.
Use a brief narrative or anecdote that exemplifies your reason for choosing the topic.
Will the crabs jump up and latch onto you? If your friend is able to predict the rest of your paper accurately, you probably have a good introduction. How can the narrator be happy after all that sorrow? Links Write the Introduction and Conclusion Your essay lacks only two paragraphs now: the introduction and the conclusion. Starting your essay with a definition is a good example of one of these conventions.