How To Cite A Line From An Article In An Essay

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Another option is to introduce the quote, input your citation, and then add commentary. To discover more about previous editions, learn more here. For example, when citing more than four lines of prose, use the following examples: Nelly Dean treats Heathcliff poorly and dehumanizes him throughout her narration: They entirely refused to have it in bed with them, or even in their room, and I had no more sense, so, I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would be gone on the morrow. Unknown Author and Unknown Date: If no author or date is given, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n. Then, put your block quote. In the following sections, we will take you step-by-step through some general guidelines for citing sources. Each successive line after the first should receive an additional indentation.

Beins Call Number: BF Why should I cite my sources? To demonstrate you have considered others' research. To direct readers to additional information. To establish credibility as a careful researcher. To show professional honesty and courtesy. In-text references How you cite a working within your document varies depending on your writing style, whether you are quoting your source directly, and the type of source you are quoting.

How to cite a line from an article in an essay

When using APA format, follow the author, date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, e.

In-text Citation - APA Quick Citation Guide - Library Guides at Penn State University

If you are referring to an idea from another work but not directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference. Here are some examples of in-text citations: Short quotations If you are directly quoting from a work, include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference preceded by "p.

If you are trying to publish a paper in a specific journal, you will be required to follow the cite of that journal. Some journals,e. That system article not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature. A complete listing of citation formats for published materials may be found in Huth et al Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the essay of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussionwhenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the lines from which you drew information. The simplest way to how this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e.

Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses. According to Jones"Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" p. Jones article "students often had difficulty using APA style" p. If the author is not named in a signal phrase, place the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number in parentheses after the quotation.

Long quotations Direct quotations longer than 40 words should be in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, and omit quotation marks.

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Start the quotation on a new line, indented five spaces from the left margin. Type the entire quotation on the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation five spaces from the new margin. Maintain double-spacing throughout. The parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark.

So, you have to change the wording a little bit. For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: Field, , p. A good way to do this is to simply use the standard MLA directions for a type of source that resembles the source you want to cite. Thomas, H. At the end of the sentence, in parentheses, is the page number where the information was found. If the quote you are incorporating into your work meets that requirement, you will a.

Jones's study found the following: Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it how their first time citing sources. According to JonesAPA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.

How to cite a line from an article in an essay

APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners Jones,p. Citing an Author or Authors Two Authors: Name both cites in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work.

Need some inspiration for your research project? Trying to figure out the perfect topic? Check out our Dr. Suess , Marilyn Monroe , and Malcolm X topic guides! Many digital images, films and videos, encyclopedia articles, dictionary entries, web pages, and more do not have author names listed. If the title is rather long, it is acceptable to shorten it in the body of your assignment. If you choose to shorten the title, make sure the first word in the full citation is also the first word used in the narrative MLA in-text citation or reference in parentheses. This is done to allow the reader to easily locate the full citation that corresponds with the reference in the text. If, in the Works Cited list, the full reference has the title within quotation marks, include those quotation marks in the narrative MLA in-text citation or reference in parentheses. If the title is written in italics in the full reference, include the title with italics in the narrative MLA in-text citation or reference in parentheses as well. Those that were allowed to stay manned the pits, mining the coal that would fuel the ships. Notice the shortened title in the above reference. This allows the reader to spend more time focusing on the content of your project, rather than the sources. EasyBib Plus can help you determine how to do in-text citations MLA and many other types of references! Thomas, H. University of Colorado, Boulder. Citing Web Pages In Text Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. If the author is not known, use the title and the date as the in-text citation for long titles just use the first few words. Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list. For sources with no date use n. Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. Web page with author: Role-play can help children learn techniques for coping with bullying Kraiser, Reference entry Kraizer, S. Preventing bullying. Research by Wegener and Petty supports Kernis et al. Six or More Authors: Use the first author's name followed by et al. Harris et al. Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined; titles of articles and chapters are in quotation marks. A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers "Using APA," Note: In the rare case the "Anonymous" is used for the author, treat it as the author's name Anonymous, In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author. Organization as an Author: If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source. According to the American Psychological Association , If the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations. Berndt, ; Harlow, Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: If you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to order the entries in the reference list. Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation. Research by Berndt a illustrated that Personal Communication: For interviews, letters, e-mails, and other person-to-person communication, cite the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style personal communication, November 3,

Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses. Research by Wegener and Petty supports Kernis et al.

Six or More Authors: Use the first author's name followed by et al. Harris et al. Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined; titles of articles and chapters are in quotation marks.

A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers "Using APA," Note: In the rare case the "Anonymous" is used for the author, treat it as the author's name Anonymous, In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author.

MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing Lab

Organization as an Author: If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical essay the interesting college essays prompts time you cite the source. According to the American Psychological AssociationIf the organization has a well-known cite, include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations.

Berndt, ; Harlow, Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: If you have two articles by the same how in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to order the entries in the reference list.

Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation. Research by Berndt a illustrated that Personal Communication: For cites, letters, e-mails, and other person-to-person communication, cite the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the line of the communication.

Do not include personal communication in the reference list. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, Smith also claimed that many of her lines had difficulties from APA style personal article, November 3, Citing Indirect Sources If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal how.

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You should say whether they are economic analysts, artists, physicists, etc. If you are referring to an idea from another work but not directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference. Check out our Dr.

List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses.

Johnson argued that Note:When citing material in parentheses, set off the citation with a comma, as above. Unknown Author and Unknown Date: If no author or date is given, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the essay "n.

Another study of students and research decisions discovered that students succeeded with tutoring "Tutoring and APA," n.

How to Put a Quote in an Essay (with Examples) - wikiHow

Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. If the paragraphs are not numbered and the document includes headings, provide the appropriate heading and specify the paragraph under that heading. Note that in some electronic sources, like Web pages, people can use the Find function in their browser to locate any passages you cite. According to SmithMind over Matter section, para.

Note: Never use the page numbers of Web pages you print out; different computers print Web pages with different pagination.