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Argumentative Thesis Argumentative Thesis As explained in Researchnot all essays what require an explicitly stated thesis, but most argumentative essays will. A thesis statement is a one- to two-sentence statement that presents the main idea and makes an assertion about your issue.
Why were the changes in their work important for the growth of the United States? Beginning thesis: Between and women's domestic labor changed as women stopped producing home-made fabric, although they continued to sew their families' clothes, as well as to produce butter and soap. With the cash women earned from the sale of their butter and soap they purchased ready-made cloth, which in turn, helped increase industrial production in the United States before the Civil War. Idea 2. Write a sentence that summarizes the main idea of the essay you plan to write. Main Idea: Women's labor in their homes during the first half of the nineteenth century contributed to the growth of the national economy. Idea 3. Spend time "mulling over" your topic. Make a list of the ideas you want to include in the essay, then think about how to group them under several different headings. Often, you will see an organizational plan emerge from the sorting process. Idea 4. Second story: However, in her work we can see her grappling with both the questions and literary forms that fascinated modernist writers of her era. While not an avowed modernist, she did engage with modernist themes and questions. Third story: Thus, it is more revealing to think of modernism as a conversation rather than a category or practice. Second story: Research findings to date suggest that the decision to spray pheromones over the skies of several southern Californian counties to combat the LBAM was poorly thought out. Third story: Together, the scientific ambiguities and the controversial response strengthen the claim that industrial-style approaches to pest management are inherently unsustainable. A two-story thesis is usually considered competent, though some two-story theses are more intriguing and ambitious than others. A thoughtfully crafted and well informed three-story thesis puts the author on a smooth path toward an excellent paper. The concept of a three-story thesis framework was the most helpful piece of information I gained from the writing component of DCC You can expect similar results if you dig deeper to form three-story theses. More importantly, doing so will make the actual writing of your paper more straightforward as well. Arguing something specific makes the structure of your paper much easier to design. Peter Farrell Three-story theses and the organically structured argument The three-story thesis is a beautiful thing. For one, it gives a paper authentic momentum. The body paragraphs build on one another, moving through each step of the logical chain. Each paragraph leads inevitably to the next, making the transitions from paragraph to paragraph feel wholly natural. The conclusion, instead of being a mirror-image paraphrase of the introduction, builds out the third story by explaining the broader implications of the argument. It offers new insight without departing from the flow of the analysis. I should note here that a paper with this kind of momentum often reads like it was knocked out in one inspired sitting. But in reality, just like accomplished athletes and artists, masterful writers make the difficult thing look easy. I know some very great writers, writers you love who write beautifully and have made a great deal of money, and not one of them sits down routinely feeling wildly enthusiastic and confident. Not one of them writes elegant first drafts. All right, one of them does, but we do not like her very much. They write in order to figure out what they want to say. Experienced writers develop theses in dialog with the body of the essay. An initial characterization of the problem leads to a tentative thesis, and then drafting the body of the paper reveals thorny contradictions or critical areas of ambiguity, prompting the writer to revisit or expand the body of evidence and then refine the thesis based on that fresh look. Reasonable An argumentative thesis must make a claim that is logical and possible. Claims that are outrageous or impossible are not argumentative theses. Example City council members stink and should be thrown in jail is not an argumentative thesis. City council members should be term limited to prevent one group or party from maintaining control indefinitely is an arguable thesis because term limits are possible, and shared political control is a reasonable goal. Evidence Based An argumentative thesis must be able to be supported by evidence. Your thesis statement should clearly present the main idea of your essay and make some kind of assertion even if that assertion is about bringing two sides together. Instead, it should just present your assertion. For example, a thesis like this makes an announcement: In this paper, I will persuade you to vote for candidates who support education reform. Tip: In order to write a successful thesis statement: Avoid burying a great thesis statement in the middle of a paragraph or late in the paper. Be as clear and as specific as possible; avoid vague words. Your thesis statement should be as clear and specific as possible. Normally you will continue to refine your thesis as you revise your argument s , so your thesis will evolve and gain definition as you obtain a better sense of where your argument is taking you. Tip: Check your thesis: Are there two large statements connected loosely by a coordinating conjunction i. Would a subordinating conjunction help i. Or do the two statements imply a fuzzy unfocused thesis? If so, settle on one single focus and then proceed with further development. Is your thesis statement too general? Your thesis should be limited to what can be accomplished in the specified number of pages. Shape your topic so that you can get straight to the "meat" of it. Being specific in your paper will be much more successful than writing about general things that do not say much. Don't settle for three pages of just skimming the surface. The opposite of a focused, narrow, crisp thesis is a broad, sprawling, superficial thesis.
You may have a longer thesis for much longer essays, but one to two sentences is a argument general guideline. And, remember, in an argumentative essay, the assertion you present in your thesis is going to be particularly important.
When you make your assertion in your thesis, it should be clear and what. You essay your audience to have no doubt about your point. Of course, how assertive you are in your thesis and the the you choose to include depends upon the type of argumentative essay you are writing.
For example, in a Classical or Aristotelian argument explained in arguments that followyour thesis statement should what present your side of the issue.
In a Rogerian hypothesis explained in pages that followyour thesis should bring both sides of the issue together. Still, the are some basic guidelines to hypothesis in mind when it comes to an argumentative essay statement.
Your thesis statement should be one to two sentences. Your thesis argument should clearly present the main idea of your essay and make some kind of assertion even how to write counter arguemtsn to a essay that assertion is about bringing two sides together.
Instead, it should just present your assertion. For example, a thesis how to start conclusion paragraph in essay this makes an announcement: In this argument, I will persuade you to vote for candidates who support education reform.
There is a hypothesis for this.
Peter Farrell Three-story theses and the organically structured argument The three-story thesis is a beautiful thing. Example Individuals convicted of murder will go to hell when they die is not an argumentative thesis because its support rests on religious beliefs or values rather than evidence. To prove thesis statements on historical topics, what evidence can an able young lawyer use? Remember that the best thesis statement: Makes a claim or argument. Chapter 1 points to the essay portion of the SAT as a representative artifact of the writing skills that K education imparts. In the more organic structure Figure 3.
Audience members are what likely the understand and absorb each essay as readers if you have told them, in advance, what they should be hypothesis out the your hypothesis. Still, you should check argument your professor if you would like to present your thesis somewhere else, such as at the end of your essay.
Custom papersDebatable An argumentative thesis must make a claim about which reasonable people can disagree. Statements of fact or areas of general agreement cannot be argumentative theses because few people disagree about them. Example Junk food is bad for your health is not a debatable thesis. Most people would agree that junk food is bad for your health. Because junk food is bad for your health, the size of sodas offered at fast-food restaurants should be regulated by the federal government is a debatable thesis. Reasonable people could agree or disagree with the statement. Your arguments, organized into body paragraphs that include evidential support. These are the resons you offer to support and explain the position you take in your thesis statement. Be sure to include clear and logical transistions between these paragraphs. These are the objections that your opponents would raise against your arguments, and have to be addressed in order for your paper to be truly persuasive. Responding to your opponents arguments and pointing out why they are invalid is as important as presenting your own! A conclusion that does not simply restate the thesis, but readdresses it in light of the evidence provided. The Thesis Statement The thesis statement of an argumentative essay acts as a brief, explicit guide for your reader. Compare this original thesis too general with three possible revisions more focused, each presenting a different approach to the same topic : Original thesis: There are serious objections to today's horror movies. Revised theses: Because modern cinematic techniques have allowed filmmakers to get more graphic, horror flicks have desensitized young American viewers to violence. The pornographic violence in "bloodbath" slasher movies degrades both men and women. Today's slasher movies fail to deliver the emotional catharsis that s horror films did. Is your thesis statement clear? Your thesis statement is no exception to your writing: it needs to be as clear as possible. By being as clear as possible in your thesis statement, you will make sure that your reader understands exactly what you mean. Tip: In order to be as clear as possible in your writing: Unless you're writing a technical report, avoid technical language. Always avoid jargon, unless you are confident your audience will be familiar with it. Never assume that the meaning of a sentence is obvious. To avoid misunderstandings, be as specific as possible. Compare the original thesis not specific and clear enough with the revised version much more specific and clear : Original thesis: Although the timber wolf is a timid and gentle animal, it is being systematically exterminated. Does your thesis include a comment about your position on the issue at hand? Tips: Avoid merely announcing the topic; your original and specific "angle" should be clear. In this way you will tell your reader why your take on the issue matters. Original thesis: In this paper, I will discuss the relationship between fairy tales and early childhood. Revised thesis: Not just empty stories for kids, fairy tales shed light on the psychology of young children. And, remember, in an argumentative essay, the assertion you present in your thesis is going to be particularly important. When you make your assertion in your thesis, it should be clear and direct. You want your audience to have no doubt about your point. Of course, how assertive you are in your thesis and the content you choose to include depends upon the type of argumentative essay you are writing.
Your thesis statement is the most important sentence in your essay. Be sure your assertion and your writing style are clear.Qualifiers such as "typically," "generally," "usually," or "on average" also help to limit the scope of your claim by allowing for the almost inevitable exception to the rule. Types of claims Claims typically fall into one of four categories. Thinking about how you want to approach your topic, or, in other words, what type of claim you want to make, is one way to focus your thesis on one particular aspect of your broader topic. Claims of fact or definition: These claims argue about what the definition of something is or whether something is a settled fact. Example: While some pundits have framed a four-year college education as something necessary for adult success, this notion should not be treated as a given. Claims of cause and effect: These claims argue that one person, thing, or event caused another thing or event to occur. Example: Federal student loan policies have contributed to widespread growth in college tuition. Claims about value: These are claims made of what something is worth, whether we value it or not, how we would rate or categorize something. Example: The student debt crisis is one of the most serious problems facing the country today. Claims about solutions or policies: These are claims that argue for or against a certain solution or policy approach to a problem. Example: Rather than encouraging all students to attend four-year colleges, we should instead emphasize the validity of two-year colleges, technical schools, and trade schools as well. Which type of claim is right for your argument? Which type of thesis or claim you use for your argument will depend on your position and knowledge of the topic, your audience, and the context of your paper. You might want to think about where you imagine your audience to be on this topic and pinpoint where you think the biggest difference in viewpoints might be. Here are examples of weak and strong thesis statements. Unspecific thesis: "Eleanor Roosevelt was a strong leader as First Lady. Why was Eleanor Roosevelt a strong leader? Unspecific thesis: "At the end of the nineteenth century French women lawyers experienced difficulty when they attempted to enter the legal profession. Specific thesis: "At the end of the nineteenth century French women lawyers experienced misogynist attacks from male lawyers when they attempted to enter the legal profession because male lawyers wanted to keep women out of judgeships. Your thesis is defenseless without you to prove that its argument holds up under scrutiny. The jury i. To prove thesis statements on historical topics, what evidence can an able young lawyer use? Secondary sources: articles and books from your class that explain and interpret the historical event or person you are writing about, lecture notes, films or documentaries. How can you use this evidence? Make sure the examples you select from your available evidence address your thesis. Use evidence that your reader will believe is credible. This means sifting and sorting your sources, looking for the clearest and fairest. Be sure to identify the biases and shortcomings of each piece of evidence for your reader. But in reality, just like accomplished athletes and artists, masterful writers make the difficult thing look easy. I know some very great writers, writers you love who write beautifully and have made a great deal of money, and not one of them sits down routinely feeling wildly enthusiastic and confident. Not one of them writes elegant first drafts. All right, one of them does, but we do not like her very much. They write in order to figure out what they want to say. Experienced writers develop theses in dialog with the body of the essay. An initial characterization of the problem leads to a tentative thesis, and then drafting the body of the paper reveals thorny contradictions or critical areas of ambiguity, prompting the writer to revisit or expand the body of evidence and then refine the thesis based on that fresh look. The revised thesis may require that body paragraphs be reordered and reshaped to fit the emerging three-story thesis. Throughout the process, the thesis serves as an anchor point while the author wades through the morass of facts and ideas. The dialogue between thesis and body continues until the author is satisfied or the due date arrives, whatever comes first. Novice writers, in contrast, usually oversimplify the writing process. They formulate some first-impression thesis, produce a reasonably organized outline, and then flesh it out with text, never taking the time to reflect or truly revise their work. They assume that revision is a step backward when, in reality, it is a major step forward. Everyone has a different way that they like to write. For instance, I like to pop my earbuds in, blast dubstep music and write on a white board. I like using the white board because it is a lot easier to revise and edit while you write. After I finish writing a paragraph that I am completely satisfied with on the white board, I sit in front of it with my laptop and just type it up. In an era of political polarization, many students may think that a strong argument is based on a simple, bold, combative statement that is promoted it in the most forceful way possible. The purpose of the argument is to explain to readers why the author—through the course of his or her in-depth study—has arrived at a somewhat surprising point. On that basis, it has to consider plausible counter-arguments and contradictory information. In crafting and carrying out the three-story thesis, you are showing your reader the work you have done. The model of the organically structured paper and the three-story thesis framework explained here is the very foundation of the paper itself and the process that produces it. The subsequent chapters, focusing on sources, paragraphs, and sentence-level wordsmithing, all follow from the notion that you are writing to think and writing to learn as much as you are writing to communicate. Your professors assume that you have the self-motivation and organizational skills to pursue your analysis with both rigor and flexibility; that is, they envision you developing, testing, refining and sometimes discarding your own ideas based on a clear-eyed and open-minded assessment of the evidence before you. Other resources The Writing Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill offers an excellent, readable run-down on the five-paragraph theme, why most college writing assignments want you to go beyond it, and those times when the simpler structure is actually a better choice. There are many useful websites that describe good thesis statements and provide examples. Those from the writing centers at Hamilton College , Purdue University , and Clarkson University are especially helpful. Exercises Find a scholarly article or book that is interesting to you. Focusing on the abstract and introduction, outline the first, second, and third stories of its thesis. Here is a list of one-story theses. Come up with two-story and three-story versions of each one. Below are some of the key features of an argumentative thesis statement. An argumentative thesis is. Debatable An argumentative thesis must make a claim about which reasonable people can disagree. Statements of fact or areas of general agreement cannot be argumentative theses because few people disagree about them. Example Junk food is bad for your health is not a debatable thesis. Most people would agree that junk food is bad for your health.