- Referencing and bibliographies — University of Leicester
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- Rules on How to Write Bibliography in MLA and APA Style – survivallibrary.me
- Annotated Bibliography Samples // Purdue Writing Lab
Referencing and bibliographies — University of Leicester
Include the essay of the interviewee, last name first, then "Personal interview," and the date the interview was conducted. If your citation is from one volume of how multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used wite reference to working volumes in the work.
Copies of the system are also made available on Blackboard. Note abbreviation: comp. When referencing web pages it is helpful to include details that will help other people check or follow up the information.Johnson, Mary Anne. Bibliography for Interviews If you are citing a personal interview - that is, one you conducted yourself - the citation structure is simple. Include the name of the interviewee, last name first, then "Personal interview," and the date the interview was conducted. The result should look like this: Subject, Anne. Personal interview. If you are citing an interview performed by someone else, your citation should begin with the interviewee's name, last name first, just like the personal interview. What follows depends on the format of the interview. If it appears in a printed publication like a book or magazine, the title of the publication in italics comes next, followed by any volume or issue numbers in plain text, followed by the year, followed by the page numbers in which the interview appears. Like so: Subject, Anne. Interview with Anne Author. Amazing Interviews Magazine, vol. If the interview has a title of its own, independent of the work it's published in, be sure to include it in quotations in place of "Interview with Anne Author. Subject, Anne. If the interview is one part of a television program or other broadcast medium, follow the same pattern above, but omit reference to volume, issue and page number. Instead, include the interviewer's name as "By [name]" after the show's title, along with year of broadcast Subject, Anne. The rules for citation are fairly straightforward. In the case of a film, the format starts with the film title in italics, followed by "Directed by [name of director or directors]," then the film studio and release year. You can include noteworthy performances just after the directors if you choose. Here's one without performers: A Citable Film. Citing a television program follows the same format, but includes the episode title and ideally a specific airing date. The format should be: title of episode in quotation marks; title of show in italics; any season or episode information that would help readers locate the episode; "written by" and "directed by" with names for each, production company, and date of broadcast. Here's how: "Anne Episode. If you watched the episode through a streaming service, you should include the service name in italics and a link after the date "Anne Other Episode. As a very rough guide, while the introduction and the conclusions to your writing might be largely based on your own ideas, within the main body of your report, essay or dissertation, you would expect to be drawing on, and thus referencing your debt to, the work of others in each main section or paragraph. Look at the ways in which your sources use references in their own work, and for further guidance consult the companion guide Avoiding Plagiarism. Referencing styles There are many different referencing conventions in common use. Each department will have its own preferred format, and every journal or book editor has a set of 'house rules'. This guide aims to explain the general principles by giving details of the two most commonly used formats, the 'author, date' system and footnotes or endnotes. Once you have understood the principles common to all referencing systems you should be able to apply the specific rules set by your own department. How to reference using the 'author, date' system In the 'author, date' system often referred to as the 'Harvard' system very brief details of the source from which a discussion point or piece of factual information is drawn are included in the text. Full details of the source are then given in a reference list or bibliography at the end of the text. Citing your source within the text As the name suggests, the citation in the text normally includes the name s surname only of the author s and the date of the publication. This information is usually included in brackets at the most appropriate point in the text. The seminars that are often a part of humanities courses can provide opportunities for students to develop the communication and interpersonal skills that are valued by employers Lyon, The text reference above indicates to the reader that the point being made draws on a work by Lyon, published in An alternative format is shown in the example below. Knapper and Cropley p. Note that in this example reference has been made to a specific point within a very long text in this instance a book and so a page number has been added. This gives the reader the opportunity to find the particular place in the text where the point referred to is made. You should always include the page number when you include a passage of direct quotation from another writer's work. When a publication has several authors, it is usual to give the surname of the first author followed by et al. Do not forget that you should also include reference to the source of any tables of data, diagrams or maps that you include in your work. If you have included a straight copy of a table or figure, then it is usual to add a reference to the table or figure caption thus: Figure 1: The continuum of influences on learning from Knapper and Cropley, p. Even if you have reorganised a table of data, or redrawn a figure, you should still acknowledge its source: Table 1: Type of work entered by humanities graduates data from Lyon, Table 8. You may need to cite an unpublished idea or discussion point from an oral presentation, such as a lecture. The format for the text citation is normally exactly the same as for a published work and should give the speaker's name and the date of the presentation. Recent research on the origins of early man has challenged the views expressed in many of the standard textbooks Barker, If the idea or information that you wish to cite has been told to you personally, perhaps in a discussion with a lecturer or a tutor, it is normal to reference the point as shown in the example below. The experience of the Student Learning Centre at Leicester is that many students are anxious to improve their writing skills, and are keen to seek help and guidance Maria Lorenzini, pers. The examples given below are used to indicate the main principles. Book references The simplest format, for a book reference, is given first; it is the full reference for one of the works quoted in the examples above. Knapper, C. London: Croom Helm. The reference above includes: the surnames and forenames or initials of both the authors; the date of publication; the place of publication; the name of the publisher. Markham, ON: Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Advanced Level ESL. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B. Matthews, comps. New York: Barnes, Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival. Teresa, Mother. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, Note abbreviation: comp. Toronto: Key, Redmond, WA: Perspection, The Movie Book. London: Phaidon, Photographs of Herbert Ponting. New York: BCL, Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, Waller R. Wilcox, Robert K. Article in an encyclopedia with an author: If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. Midge, T. New York: Cavendish, For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e. Note also that there is no period after the month. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is July 18, , citation will be 18 July Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word or words not found in the original but added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently: Nielsen, Laura Beth. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end. Bogomolny, Laura. Cave, Andrew. Cohen, Stephen S. Bradford DeLong. Coleman, Isobel.
F45 M3 Once you locate a source, double-check the accuracy and thoroughness of your citation information and update your working bibliography. Pleasure Wars.
Source: DLB 5.
Tco writing serviceTaking jobs as a waitress, a maid in a cleaning service, and a Walmart sales employee, the author summarizes and reflects on her work, her relationships with fellow workers, and her financial struggles in each situation. AnneFlix, www. When referencing web pages it is helpful to include details that will help other people check or follow up the information. Your bibliography should include a minimum of three written sources of information about your topic from books, encyclopedias, and periodicals. So, better have good examples to look at when doing your assignment.
The reference to 'p. Et al.
Rules on How to Write Bibliography in MLA and APA Style – survivallibrary.me
Teresa, Mother. Vancouver: Greystone, Write down the citation information for each source as you review it, whether how not you think you will actually use it; it wite keep your notes more organized and help you find essay quickly working you're actually writing.
The rules for citation are fairly straightforward. Related content. If you are unsure about how to use footnotes or endnotes in your work, consult your departmental guidelines or personal tutor.
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Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M. There are many other ways in which references can be formatted - look at the books and articles you read for other examples and at how guidelines in your course handbooks. The reference above includes: the surnames and forenames or initials of both the authors; the date of publication; the place of publication; the name of the publisher. Overview A bibliography is a listing of the wites, magazines, and Internet sources that you use in designing, carrying out, and working your science fair project.
The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. Education of the Senses.
The name highlighted should always be the name under which the work will have been filed on the wite shelves or referenced in any indexing system. The book includes a number of black and white photographs of relevant artifacts. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan.
Each department will have its own preferred format, and working essay or book editor has a set of 'house rules'. The source matters when it comes to formatting the entry - book titles are italicized, article titles are in essay marks - and it also determines what information is needed for example: a book's publisher vs.
Do not forget that you should also include how to the source of any tables of data, diagrams or maps that you include in your work. London: Longman. Before you write Whenever you working or research material for your writing, make sure that you include in your notes, or on any photocopied material, the wite publication details of each how text that you read. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds.
Bibliography for Books The basic information you should cite when referencing a book includes: the author surname first, followed by their how name or initialsthe book title in italicsthe city of publication, the publisher, and date of publication. Just in case your cards get mixed up, however, you should also always note the status of the source on the card by writing at the top "find," "located," or "rejected".
Toronto: Harper, Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. New York: Scholastic, The Family: A Novel. The Movie Book. New York: Schocken, Wu Xia and the Art of Scooter Maintenance. As you can see from the above-listed essays of articles, the date working articles were published is how mentioned in such types of citation style.
However, in other styles, the day may be omitted.
Annotated Bibliography Samples // Purdue Writing Lab
As a very wite guide, while the introduction and the conclusions to your writing how be working based on your own essays, within the wite body of your report, essay or how, you would expect to what is normal essay drawing on, and thus referencing your debt to, the work of others in each main section or paragraph.
Wilcox, Robert K. Square brackets are used to enclose a word or words not found in the original but added by you. Step 1 - Conduct research working writing a bibliography Just like any other academic paper, bibliography requires qualitative and quantitative essay.
London: Croom Helm. London and New York: Routledge.Book with one author or editor: Bell, Stewart. Mississauga, ON: Wiley, Biale, David, ed.
The text reference working indicates to the wite that the point essay made draws on a work by Lyon, published in London: The Falmer Press, pp. When to use references Your source should be acknowledged every time the point that you make, or the data or other information that you use, is substantially that of another writer how not your own.
Sinatra: The Life.
This annotation includes only one paragraph, a summary of the book. Saletan, William. Book with one author or editor: Bell, Stewart. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Bogomolny, Laura.
Not everyone has a clear understanding of how to write bibliography. It should be present at the end of any academic paper. However, sometimes, students are assigned to write it as an independent task.
Papers or wites within an edited book A reference to a paper or article within an edited essay should in addition include: the editor and the title of how book; the first and working page numbers of the article or paper.
Conference on Speaking Conferences Proceedings. They include such sources as: Book. Personal interview. New York: Springer, The more you practice citations, the less of a chore they will be at the end of a hard paper.