While there are groups and foundations working towards creating a more sustainable earth, more active and widespread involvement is necessary. Science has proved that humans have significantly altered this earth to the point where we are now entering an anthropocene, and we are not slowing down.
Given this, I feel that we should recognize what sustainability is to us now, but that we should focus on what it should be and how to reach that state of sustainability.
This is a qualitative research to explore how often the organisations provide concern related with environmental sustainability issues of a wine production. Interviews have used to collect information about environmental issues and activities to deal with the problems in the three companies. This change has affected many aspects of campus life. Students and faculty have come across several new opportunities because of this development.
One of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals include the goal to ensure environmental sustainability. In the position of universities the challenge is acquiring funds and student participation to make this initiative a priority. Moreover, according to Martin, Maris and Simberloff , sustainability is not only environmental problem, but it is also relative with social and economic issues in the modern cities. As a result, in order to provide a sustainable living environment for the future generations and ourselves, the urban sustainability should be considered significantly as important part of urban planning.
As world population increases the demand of fish rises causing overfishing. Certain laws have been placed to limit the amount of wild fishing to reduce the risk of endangerment. To meet the demand of the population, fish farms are introduced. Pollution and health related issues are part of the challenges of fish farming. Social sustainability focuses on all human needs being met and a society functioning properly indefinitely. We can become more environmentally sustainable by using less water or turning off the power when we leave a room.
A great place to start is a college campus. With potentially thousands of students on board, we could make a difference in our environment. It encompasses many interpretations, and has taken on a very loaded and preconceived meaning. Even when narrowed to the disciplines of architecture and planning, it is a multifaceted and loaded concept.
According to Ullman Sustainability practice is very important, because all the actions that we make today will affect everything in the future, therefore we need to make flexible decisions at present in order to avoid some negative consequences. In this respect the developed countries have supranational impact on the global environment compared to developing countries. Besides, industry has always been the primary cause of economic development. Needless to mention that without adequate environmental protection development cannot be achieved to the extend which we require.
The kinds of industries that grow fast determine the severity of pressure on natural resources and consequent environmental problems. Apart from industries involvement, global warming stands in the way of sustainable development. For a logging company it can mean sustained projects; for an environmental economist it can mean sustained stocks of natural forests; for a social ecologist it can mean sustained use of the forest; and for an environmentalist it can mean a clean heritage for our children.
As a western joke goes now, sustainable development for multinational companies. Leaving aside its many uses and misuses. Until the very recent past. That is the way all future development was to take place and be judged. The two factors may soon exhaust the environmental resources and the planet will then not help in the survival of even human beings. People and planners must accept that there is a finite amount of habitable land and water on this earth. Adding to the problems caused by population growth is the economic explosion.
During the twentieth century, world economy has expanded twenty times and industrialisation has increased by a factor of five since This boom has depleted stocks of ecological capital fuel, forests, soils, species, fisheries, water, atmosphere, etc. Our own success thus threatens to become our undoing. Environmental degradation has already been massive. Yet not many seem to be aware of it.
Man is dependent on the physical environment for his survival. He has however failed to tame it controllably. Human negligence in addition to collective actions for economic gains has put the environment at a disadvantage. Many of the natural ecosystems have been interfered with. This has been through encroachment on forest reserves, degradation of wetlands, uncontrollable expansion of agricultural land leading to soil erosion and soil exhaustion, overgrazing and burning of grasslands leading to bear soils that are susceptible to erosion agents.
It has caused negative impact in several ways such as such as global warming, acidification, fossil and resource depletion, photo chemical oxidation, human toxicology, and fresh water aquatic pollution. Sustainable development is a pattern of resource use, that aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present but also for generations to come. United Nations report, It is very clear that sustainable development involves careful handling of the available resources such that these resources are not extinct for even the future generations to use and enjoy.
Since the future generations continue to face the challenge of an increasing population growth rates, the need for more resources for energy and other needs continue to rise. Natural resources should therefore be generously guarded despite intense human activity. This calls for an agreement with the proper resource management so that the future generations can also benefit.
Management of resources should be inherent in the people around the world since man is part and parcel of nature. All the people old and young should develop a passion of the environment. Sustainable development is affected by three major factors for instance environmental, economic and socio-political factors. Therefore to achieve sustainable development, social, economic, and environmental objectives must be met.
We cannot sustain development in the long run if we fail to balance social, economic, and environmental objectives. For example to ensure a sustainable development there must be a healthy population that is economically empowered, with a sober mind, educated and with desirable values. Such type of population is as a result of good governance and proper policies.
Globalization provides great opportunities and challenges for sustainable development. Globalization offers opportunities of international trade among nations, investment opportunities, capital flows and technology advancement and transfer for the growth of world economies. There are still challenges to overcome to meet the desired standards. These include poverty, diseases, political insecurity, unemployment and un equal distribution of incomes among the people in the community.
These challenges cause disequilibrium between the growth objectives and sustainable development. Some of the factors necessary for sustainable development include; proper management of natural resources, poverty eradication, proper cosumption behaviors that results into sustainable production patterns and proper policies in regard to environment management and investment. On the other hand, careless handling of the natural resources through human activity will abuse the environment. The end result will be poverty and hunger, deforestation, pollution, resource depletion and general fall in the welfare of the population.
This calls man to revisit his ways of co-existence with the environment without causing any natural conflict. Better methods of dealing with the environment are necessary. These include; a forestation, pollution control, better methods of agriculture that are sustainable. Social economic factors, good governance and policies are also necessary for sustainable development.
Chapter two 2. These activities lead to soil erosion, bush enchroachment, deforestation and pollution. These effects generally sum up to environmental degradation.
Environmental degradation is a result of mutilateral processes that enchroach on the environment. These include socio-economic, institutional and technological activities on the environment. High agitation for economic growth, intensification of agriculture, rising energy and transportation, and urbanisation results into mismanagement of natural resources thus dynamic environment changes.
This is in agreement with NEMA report which shows that poverty has been and is the major cause of environmental degradation and resuorce depletion. Poverty in the environment fragile areas triggers cause and effect of environmental degradation. Undesirable land use patterns such as poor farming systems lead to land degradation. These poor farming practices include monocropping, clearing and burning the vegetation and use of rudimentally techniques fo production.
Kimaru points out places that are densily populated such as Kigezi Highlands, vegetative fallowing has been largely abandoned which has resulted into loss of organic matter and soil biodiversity. Soil physical properties and soil nutrients will be affected.
Social, economic and technological factors have a big bearing on the farming practices. The cutting of the trees leaves the land bear subjecting it to soil erosion.
This boom has depleted stocks of ecological capital fuel, forests, soils, species, fisheries, water, atmosphere, etc. Usage of electric or hybrid vehicles instead of gas guzzlers can be a wise alternative in reducing carbon emission to the environment.
This is evidenced by intensive resource and energy use causing resource depletion, water, air and pollution and degradation of the ecosystem. Providing safe and sustainable human settlements for all. It is crucial to its maintenance to implement environment sustainability.
On one hand, the economic growth of a nation affects the environment. Several farmers are, indeed, discarding chemical fertilisers and pesticides and going back to traditional manures and biological pest control. In Uganda most of the energy sources are not tapped; such as wind, solar, and bio gas. Introduction Tourism is one of the biggest industrial sectors in the world and has been growing rapidly during the last half a century. The water quality of this river is poor due to untreated waste released from the industry. Could be defend as an ability or capacity of something to be maintained or to sustain itself.
Apart from that, every inhabitant of the earth should play their part in preventing ozone layer from depletion. Such mass consumption calls for the matching supply to make the situation in equilibrium. Soil physical properties and soil nutrients will be affected. Since , when this topic started gaining wide attention, several organizations and leaderships have been established that promote environmental sustainability. Communities around the lakes are sensitized to plant trees and reduce activities that pollute these lakes.