Some fields such as the humanities prefer their students use books for sources rather than websites, since books typically contain more detailed information and perhaps more in-depth thinking than websites do. If you're not getting exactly the right books you need through your on-line subject search, check this index to find the appropriate subject heading to use. Summarizing and paraphrasing are similar to quoting in that you are recording the author's ideas. Most of the searches that you do for a research paper will be subject searches, unless you already know enough about the field to know some standard sources by author or title. For college research papers, you will need to use sources available in academic libraries college or university libraries as opposed to public libraries. Microfiche or microfilm is a device which can be extremely frustrating.
So if you're doing research that requires very recent information, a newspaper, magazine, or journal is your best bet. This guide lists criteria to help you identify scholarly journals, trade journals, and magazines.
You must be very careful to record the page number that this information is from, because you will need to include it in your paper. Otherwise, you might accidentally write them into your paper that way, and that would be plagiarism. It is important to understand these types and to know what type is appropriate for your coursework prior to searching for information. The Internet also provides access to a few full-text electronic journals which means that you can read and print the article right from the screen. Most magazine and journal articles are referenced in either an index or an abstract. If you come across a passage in your reading and it seems to you that the author's language is more accurate, more touching, or more informative than you could create, then you should write that sentence down exactly as you see it, with quotation marks around the sentence s.
Newspaper Indexes The most commonly used index to newspaper articles is the New York Times Index, organized alphabetically by subject. Just note that these subject headings relate to books only. With persistence, you can find some wonderful resources on microfiche and microfilm.
Here you will find journals and other texts that go into more depth in a discipline and are therefore more appropriate for college research than those sources written for the general public. For starters, there are more resources available. This way you can take the note cards and organize them later according to the way you want to organize your paper. Go to the library Despite the fact that you can find tons of information on the Internet, it is better to start your search in the library as there you can find a large number of books on your subject and will not have to sort them out by relevance. Another place to check is Google Scholar.
One way of keeping track is to make yourself a "master list"--a number list of all of the sources that you have. One big tip for working with a reference librarian: you'll get more help the more specific you are. Because libraries are generally organized by topic, you can often find some real "gems" this way. You can even find other writing resources. Most of the searches that you do for a research paper will be subject searches, unless you already know enough about the field to know some standard sources by author or title. If you are finding too much information, check this index to see at a glance all of the various headings and sub-headings for the subject.
You will need this later on when you are writing your paper. Key words are words that relate to your topic but are not necessarily in your thesis statement note that it will be most helpful if you have a clear idea about your topic before you begin this type of research, although research can also help to narrow your thesis. Go to the library Despite the fact that you can find tons of information on the Internet, it is better to start your search in the library as there you can find a large number of books on your subject and will not have to sort them out by relevance. Books are generally a great resource--they often contain a lot of information gathered into one place, and they can give you a more thorough investigation of your topic. Write down the call number of the book so that you can find it within your library. You'll soon see that it's great to be researching in a field that has an abstract, since this short explanation can help you make an early decision about the relevance of the article to your research question or working thesis.
One of the exercises we often have our students in our online study skills courses do you can find info on them here is to think about your teacher having to read all of those papers. The library If you go to the library, you will find that the old card catalog, which only lists books, has been replaced by a computer in most libraries.
Again, you consult the one with the most authority on the particular subject — in this case, the hockey player. You will also discover that there is another great way to find books that might be helpful to you.