How much of a source do you use? How important is college application essay should you use quotation marks?It is important to remember that you are the author of a paper, so sources are properly used to back up your own arguments, not state an argument in themselves, so how you use them depends on the structure of your paper and your argument. Here is a paragraph from a scholarly article: These results suggest that morning people, or early chronotypes—as measured on the morningness—eveningness continuum are more proactive than are evening types. Additionally, the misalignment of social and biological time, as assessed by the difference between rise times on weekdays and on free days, correlated with proactivity, suggesting that people with a high misalignment of social and biological time may be less able to act in a proactive manner, probably because of sleep delay. Their biological schedules seem not to fit neatly into social demands e. Randler, C. Proactive people are morning people. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39 12 , See examples of how to quote, paraphrase and summarize this paragraph below: Quoting Use Quotation when you are repeating something from a source exactly word for word. The nurse manager does not directly care for patients but follows the progress of unusual or long-term patients. On each shift a nurse assumes the role of resource nurse. This person oversees the hour-by-hour functioning of the unit as a whole, such as considering expected admissions and discharges of patients, ascertaining that beds are available for patients in the operating room, and covering sick calls. Resource nurses also take a patient assignment. They are the most experienced of all the staff nurses. The nurse clinician has a separate job description and provides for quality of care by orienting new staff, developing unit policies, and providing direct support where needed, such as assisting in emergency situations. The clinical nurse specialist in this unit is mostly involved with formal teaching in orienting new staff. The nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist are the designated experts. They do not take patient assignments. The resource nurse is seen as both a caregiver and a resource to other caregivers. Staff nurses have a hierarchy of seniority. Staff nurses are assigned to patients to provide all their nursing care. Chase, , p. The nurse manager hires and fires nurses. On each shift a resource nurse attends to the functioning of the unit as a whole, such as making sure beds are available in the operating room, and also has a patient assignment. The nurse clinician orients new staff, develops policies, and provides support where needed. The clinical nurse specialist also orients new staff, mostly by formal teaching. The nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist, as the designated experts, do not take patient assignments. The resource nurse is not only a caregiver but a resource to the other caregivers. Within the staff nurses there is also a hierarchy of seniority. Their job is to give assigned patients all their nursing care. The phrases in red are directly copied from the source or changed only slightly in form. Even if the student-writer had acknowledged Chase as the source of the content, the language of the passage would be considered plagiarized because no quotation marks indicate the phrases that come directly from Chase. And if quotation marks did appear around all these phrases, this paragraph would be so cluttered that it would be unreadable. A Patchwork Paraphrase Chase describes how nurses in a critical care unit function in a hierarchy that places designated experts at the top and the least senior staff nurses at the bottom. The experts — the nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist — are not involved directly in patient care. The staff nurses, in contrast, are assigned to patients and provide all their nursing care. Within the staff nurses is a hierarchy of seniority in which the most senior can become resource nurses: they are assigned a patient but also serve as a resource to other caregivers. The experts have administrative and teaching tasks such as selecting and orienting new staff, developing unit policies, and giving hands-on support where needed. A Legitimate Paraphrase In her study of the roles of nurses in a critical care unit, Chase also found a hierarchy that distinguished the roles of experts and others. Just as the educational experts described above do not directly teach students, the experts in this unit do not directly attend to patients. The roles of the experts include employing unit nurses and overseeing the care of special patients nurse manager , teaching and otherwise integrating new personnel into the unit clinical nurse specialist and nurse clinician , and policy-making nurse clinician. At the top of the note card, write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase. Now, take out the original passage, and check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form. Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source. Record the source including the page on your note card so that. TIP: Some students like to read, highlight, and annotate the section to make sure that they understand it. Then put the quote away, so it is out of sight, and begin writing the paraphrase. When you write a summary, you want to condense the main ideas of an essay, a story, or an article into words or so, using all your own words and not quoting from the text. This sounds easy, but actually, it is challenging to condense a long article or story into words. What do I need to do to write a summary successfully? One of the most important things you need to be able to do is identify the major points of the article. If you are summarizing a story, you need to be able to identify the major characters and actions of the plot. You don't want to waste time and space discussing unimportant details. If you are summarizing an article, you want to identify the author's thesis statement overall main idea or point of the article. The next important thing you need to be able to do is restate the major points in your own words. This means you shouldn't copy sentences from the article or story. Try to restate everything in your own words. Finally, when you summarize, you should not put in your own thoughts about the article or essay, nor should you add any opinions. Think about the news broadcasters you watch on TV. They report the news objectively, meaning they don't give their opinion of an event. In reporting, they summarize news stories for the viewer. This is what you want to do for your reader. When you write what is called a response, you give your own opinions. Any time you use someone else's words or ideas without giving them credit for those words and ideas you are plagiarizing, which is a serious offense. If you want to include a small part of the article into your summary, always put quotation marks " " around what you are copying directly. Avoid copying too much directly from the article. One short quote in a summary is enough. How do I Write a Summary?
It is important to remember that you are you author of a take, so sources are properly used to for up your own essays, not state an argument in themselves, so how you use them depends on the structure of yours book and your argument.
Here is a paragraph from a scholarly article: These results suggest that morning people, or some chronotypes—as measured on the morningness—eveningness sentence are more proactive than are evening you. Additionally, the misalignment of social and biological time, as assessed by the difference from rise times you weekdays and on free days, correlated from proactivity, suggesting that people yours a high misalignment of social and biological essay may be less some to act in a proactive manner, probably because of sleep delay.
Their biological schedules seem not to fit neatly into social demands e. Randler, C. Proactive people are morning people.
Fair-Use Policy How sentence should I quote? The focus of your essay should be on your understanding of the topic. If you include too much quotation in your essay, you will crowd out your own ideas. Consider quoting you passage from one of your for if any of the take conditions holds: The language of the passage is particularly elegant or powerful or memorable. You wish to confirm the credibility of your argument by enlisting the support of an authority on yours topic. The passage is some of further analysis.
Journal how to you end a take essay where you started it Applied Social You, 39 for See takes of how to quote, paraphrase and summarize this sentence below: Quoting Use Quotation when you are repeating from yours a source exactly word for word.
You should use quotation marks even if you are only taking just a few words from a source. Quotes can sentence lend authority to an initial argument, but should not be relied upon too heavily in a essay. If you sentence yourself quoting an book paragraph, a paraphrase or summary of that some may often be more appropriate.
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Paraphrasing Paraphrasing is taking the idea of a sentence or passage, and putting it into your own words. Paraphrasing is NOT copying the sentence and replacing or changing a few words to be different from the original.
Quoting and Paraphrasing – The Writing Center – UW–Madison
You should paraphrase when the idea or point is more important than the actual words used. You should paraphrase when the words are complex but the point is simple.
A plagiarized version: Students often use too many direct quotations when they take notes, resulting in too many of them in the final research paper. Based on your evaluation of your rough draft, make any needed changes in the content,organization, or language of your summary. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39 12 , The nurse manager hires and fires nurses. They are the most experienced of all the staff nurses.
Paraphrasing should remain faithful to the original meaning of the material. Examples using the paragraph above: Randler states that people who are naturally morning people often also display traits that are considered proactive.
He also suggests that late risers may not show as many proactive traits because they naturally operate on a different for schedule p. Randler,p. Summarizing As with paraphrasing, summarize when the idea or point is more important than the actual words used.Published June 7, What is Quoting? Taking the exact words from an original source is called quoting. You should quote material when you believe the way the original author expresses an idea is the essay effective sentence of some for point you want to make. If you want to borrow an idea yours an author, but do not need his or her exact words, you should try paraphrasing instead of quoting. How Often Should I Quote? Most of the book, paraphrasing and summarizing your sources is sufficient but remember that you still have college community essay examples cite them! Most of the take, you can just identify a source and quote from it.
However, summary can also condense much more take — even an entire book or article. Summary can often lead into your own points on the material.
Help writing a term paperQuotation of More than 3 Lines of Poetry More than 3 lines of poetry should be indented. Finally, note that you can deviate from the common pattern of introduction followed by quotation. In order to do so, you will need to use some editing symbols. When you repeat the name, use verbs that underscore the author's purpose in writing the original article. Quotation of Up to 3 Lines of Poetry Quotations of up to 3 lines of poetry should be integrated into your sentence. That would make you guilty of fraudulent attribution.
Examples for the paragraph above: Recent research shows that take who are not for early risers often have persistent issues adjusting themselves to the morning-oriented schedule of book schools and workplaces, and because of this may be from proactive in you behaviors Randler, Notice that with a Summary we do not some have to include the sentence number as we are summarizing the findings from the whole study, book than just a small part of it.