Try to write or print so that what you are writing is legible to those readers. You have 50 minutes to read the passage and write an essay in response to the prompt provided inside this booklet. Do not write your essay in this booklet. Only what you write on the lined pages of your answer booklet will be evaluated. The College Board , a consortium of colleges in the northeastern United States, was formed in to establish a nationally administered, uniform set of essay tests based on the curricula of the boarding schools that typically provided graduates to the colleges of the Ivy League and Seven Sisters , among others.
Terman in particular thought that such tests could identify an innate " intelligence quotient " IQ in a person. The results of an IQ test could then be used to find an elite group of students who would be given the chance to finish high school and go on to college. The commission, headed by eugenicist Carl Brigham , argued that the test predicted success in higher education by identifying candidates primarily on the basis of intellectual promise rather than on specific accomplishment in high school subjects.
Specifically, Conant wanted to find students, other than those from the traditional northeastern private schools, that could do well at Harvard. The success of the scholarship program and the advent of World War II led to the end of the College Board essay exams and to the SAT being used as the only admissions test for College Board member colleges. Machine-based scoring of multiple-choice tests taken by pencil had made it possible to rapidly process the exams.
Bill produced an influx of millions of veterans into higher education. Brigham felt that the interests of a consolidated testing agency would be more aligned with sales or marketing than with research into the science of testing. Although those taking the test came from a variety of backgrounds, approximately one third were from New York , New Jersey , or Pennsylvania.
The majority of those taking the test were from private schools, academies, or endowed schools. The test contained sections on English, French , German , Latin , Greek , history, mathematics, chemistry , and physics. The test was not multiple choice, but instead was evaluated based on essay responses as "excellent", "good", "doubtful", "poor" or "very poor".
It was administered to over 8, students at over test centers. Slightly over a quarter of males and females applied to Yale University and Smith College. This scale was effectively equivalent to a to scale, although students could score more than and less than In , the number of sections was again reduced, this time to six. These changes were designed in part to give test-takers more time per question. Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant features of the passage. The Topic You can count on seeing the same prompt no matter when you take the SAT with Essay, but the passage will be different every time.
All passages have these things in common: Written for a broad audience Argue a point Express subtle views on complex subjects Use logical reasoning and evidence to support claims Examine ideas, debates, or trends in the arts and sciences, or civic, cultural, or political life Always taken from published works All the information you need to write your essay will be included in the passage or in notes about it.
On March 5, , College Board announced that a redesigned version of the SAT would be administered for the first time in The exam reverted to the point scale, the essay is now optional, and students have three hours to take the exam plus 50 additional minutes to complete the essay. The preparation application will help students practice and help them identify their areas of improvement at no cost.
Hundreds of unreleased practice problems, with videos demonstrating their step-by-step solutions, will also be made available immediately. By doing so, the intention is to enable all students to succeed at the assessment. It also functions as a qualifying test for the National Merit Scholarship Corporation 's scholarship programs. Advanced Placement Program[ edit ] Main article: Advanced Placement Program The College Board's Advanced Placement Program is an extensive program that offers high school students the chance to participate in what College Board describes as college-level classes for a fee, reportedly broadening students' intellectual horizons and preparing them for college work.
It also plays a large part in the college admissions process, showing students' intellectual capacity and genuine interest in learning. The program allows many students to gain college credit for high performance on the AP exams, much in the same manner as the CLEP. Granting credit, however, is at the discretion of the college. There are 2, colleges that grant credit for passing CLEP exams. Accuplacer[ edit ] The College Board's Accuplacer test is a computer-based placement test that assesses reading, writing and math skills.
The Accuplacer test is used primarily by more than 1, high schools and colleges  to determine a student's needed placement. Often community colleges have specific guidelines for students requiring the Accuplacer test.
The average scores on the modification of the SAT I were similar: on the verbal and on the math.
FairTest , an organization that advocates against over-dependence on standardized tests in school admissions, maintains that the SAT often underestimates the aptitude of African-American students and others. There exists a similar set of ACT codes for colleges and scholarships, centers, and high schools; however, these codes are less widely used outside ACT, Inc.
Any college that is granted access to a student's photo is first required to certify that the student has been admitted to the college requesting the photo.
For these two years, all of the sections tested verbal ability: math was eliminated entirely from the SAT. These changes were designed in part to give test-takers more time per question. The exam reverted to the point scale, the essay is now optional, and students have three hours to take the exam plus 50 additional minutes to complete the essay. Although all of the sample essays were handwritten by students, they are shown typed here for ease of reading. The preparation application will help students practice and help them identify their areas of improvement at no cost. These problems, among others, suggested that the original score scale and its reference group of about 10, students taking the SAT in needed to be replaced.
To emphasize the importance of reading, the verbal section's name was changed to the Critical Reading section.
The curriculum is applicable to grades 6 through The commission, headed by eugenicist Carl Brigham , argued that the test predicted success in higher education by identifying candidates primarily on the basis of intellectual promise rather than on specific accomplishment in high school subjects. You have 50 minutes to read the passage and write an essay in response to the prompt provided inside this booklet. After studying 23 graded essays he found that the longer the essay was, the higher the score it was given. For these two years, all of the sections tested verbal ability: math was eliminated entirely from the SAT.
Brigham felt that the interests of a consolidated testing agency would be more aligned with sales or marketing than with research into the science of testing. Most students take the test during their junior or senior year of high school.