Introduce quotations and paraphrases with introductory phrases. Revise your first draft extensively. Make sure the entire essay flows and that the paragraphs are in a logical order. Put the essay aside for a few days. This allows you to consider your essay and edit it with a fresh eye. To further illustrate this, consider the second body paragraph of our example essay: In a similar way, we are all like Edison in our own way.
Whenever we learn a new skill - be it riding a bike, driving a car, or cooking a cake - we learn from our mistakes. Few, if any, are ready to go from training wheels to a marathon in a single day but these early experiences these so-called mistakes can help us improve our performance over time.
You cannot make a cake without breaking a few eggs and, likewise, we learn by doing and doing inevitably means making mistakes. Hopefully this example not only provides another example of an effective body paragraph but also illustrates how transitional phrases can be used to distinguish between them. The Conclusion Although the conclusion paragraph comes at the end of your essay it should not be seen as an afterthought. As the final paragraph is represents your last chance to make your case and, as such, should follow an extremely rigid format.
One way to think of the conclusion is, paradoxically, as a second introduction because it does in fact contain many of the same features. While it does not need to be too long — four well-crafted sentence should be enough — it can make or break and essay.
Effective conclusions open with a concluding transition "in conclusion," "in the end," etc. After that you should immediately provide a restatement of your thesis statement. This should be the fourth or fifth time you have repeated your thesis so while you should use a variety of word choice in the body paragraphs it is a acceptable idea to use some but not all of the original language you used in the introduction.
This echoing effect not only reinforces your argument but also ties it nicely to the second key element of the conclusion: a brief two or three words is enough review of the three main points from the body of the paper. Having done all of that, the final element — and final sentence in your essay — should be a "global statement" or "call to action" that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end. In the end, then, one thing is clear: mistakes do far more to help us learn and improve than successes.
As examples from both science and everyday experience can attest, if we treat each mistake not as a misstep but as a learning experience the possibilities for self-improvement are limitless. You could, for example, write an expository essay with step-by-step instructions on how to make a peanut butter sandwich. Knowing what kind of essay you are trying to write can help you decide on a topic and structure your essay in the best way possible.
Brainstorming You cannot write an essay unless you have an idea of what to write about. Brainstorming is the process in which you come up with the essay topic. You need to simply sit and think of ideas during this phase. Write down everything that comes to mind as you can always narrow those topics down later. You could also use clustering or mind mapping to brainstorm and come up with an essay idea. This involves writing your topic or idea in the center of the paper and creating bubbles clouds or clusters of related ideas around it.
This can be a great way to develop a topic more deeply and to recognize connections between various facets of your topic. Once you have a list of possible topics, it's time to choose the best one that will answer the question posed for your essay. You want to choose a topic that is neither too broad nor too narrow. If you are given an assignment to write a one page essay, it would be far too much to write about "the history of the US" since that could fill entire books.
Instead, you could write about a very specific event within the history of the United States: perhaps signing the Declaration of Independence or when Columbus discovered the U. From there, begin to list your main ideas, leaving space under each one. In this space, make sure to list other smaller ideas that relate to each main idea. Doing this will allow you to see connections and will help you to write a more organized essay. Write your thesis statement.
Now that you have chosen a topic and sorted your ideas into relevant categories, you must create a thesis statement.
Your thesis statement tells the reader the point of your essay. Look at your outline or diagram. What are the main ideas? Your thesis statement will have two parts. The first part states the topic, and the second part states the point of the essay. Write the body. The body of your essay argues, explains or describes your topic. Each main idea that you wrote in your diagram or outline will become a separate section within the body of your essay.
Each body paragraph will have the same basic structure. Begin by writing one of your main ideas as the introductory sentence. Next, write each of your supporting ideas in sentence format, but leave three or four lines in between each point to come back and give detailed examples to back up your position.
Fill in these spaces with relative information that will help link smaller ideas together. Write the introduction.
For example, your thesis might be "Dogs are descended from wolves. Introduce quotations and paraphrases with introductory phrases. Make sure each paragraph ties back in to your thesis and creates a cohesive, understandable essay.
Use either an outline or a diagram to jot down your ideas and organize them. Revise for technical errors. Choose the best topic from among them and begin moving forward on writing your essay. If you are trying to explain why George Washington is a great example of a strong leader, for instance, his childhood adventure with the cherry tree though interesting in another essay should probably be skipped over.
Comparative Essay: Compare two or more different things. Check your essay for grammar and spelling mistakes. Take this opportunity to restate your thesis with confidence; if you present your argument as "obvious" then the reader might just do the same. Your first draft will help you work out: the structure and framework of your essay how you will answer the question which evidence and examples you will use how your argument will be logically structured.
A Word on Transitions You may have noticed that, though the above paragraph aligns pretty closely with the provided outline, there is one large exception: the first few words. Go to the library or look on the Internet for information about your topic. This echoing effect not only reinforces your argument but also ties it nicely to the second key element of the conclusion: a brief two or three words is enough review of the three main points from the body of the paper. For proof of this, consider examples from both science and everyday experience. As examples from both science and everyday experience can attest, if we treat each mistake not as a misstep but as a learning experience the possibilities for self-improvement are limitless.
Finally, review what you have written. Doing this will allow you to see connections and will help you to write a more organized essay.