Dig beneath the surface. Assess the implications of your analysis. What did you learn about yourself? What would you do differently if you could re-live the situation? Strategy Five: Reshape Your Character. Choose one intellectual traitintellectual perseverance, autonomy, empathy, courage, humility, etc. For example, concentrating on intellectual humility, begin to notice when you admit you are wrong. Notice when you refuse to admit you are wrong, even in the face of glaring evidence that you are in fact wrong.
Notice when you become defensive when another person tries to point out a deficiency in your work, or your thinking. Who does he think he is forcing his opinions on me? Strategy Six: Deal with Your Egocentrism. Egocentric thinking is found in the disposition in human nature to think with an automatic subconscious bias in favor of oneself.
On a daily basis, you can begin to observe your egocentric thinking in action by contemplating questions like these: Under what circumstances do I think with a bias in favor of myself? Did I ever become irritable over small things? Did I try to impose my will upon others? Did I ever fail to speak my mind when I felt strongly about something, and then later feel resentment? Once you identify egocentric thinking in operation, you can then work to replace it with more rational thought through systematic self-reflection, thinking along the lines of: What would a rational person feel in this or that situation?
What would a rational person do? How does that compare with what I want to do? Hint: If you find that you continually conclude that a rational person would behave just as you behaved you are probably engaging in self-deception. How a situation is defined determines not only how we feel about it, but also how we act in it, and what implications it has for us.
However, virtually every situation can be defined in more than one way. This fact carries with it tremendous opportunities. In principle, it lies within your power and mine to make our lives more happy and fulfilling than they are. Many of the negative definitions that we give to situations in our lives could in principle be transformed into positive ones. We can be happy when otherwise we would have been sad.
We can be fulfilled when otherwise we would have been frustrated. In this strategy, we practice redefining the way we see things, turning negatives into positives, dead-ends into new beginnings, mistakes into opportunities to learn. To make this strategy practical, we should create some specific guidelines for ourselves. For example, we might make ourselves a list of five to ten recurrent negative contexts in which we feel frustrated, angry, unhappy, or worried.
We could then identify the definition in each case that is at the root of the negative emotion. We would then choose a plausible alternative definition for each and then plan for our new responses as well as new emotions. If there be one, think til you find it. If there be none, then never mind it. Strategy Eight: Get in touch with your emotions: Whenever you feel some negative emotion, systematically ask yourself: What, exactly, is the thinking leading to this emotion?
For example, if you are angry, ask yourself, what is the thinking that is making me angry? What other ways could I think about this situation? For example, can you think about the situation so as to see the humor in it and what is pitiable in it? If you can, concentrate on that thinking and your emotions will eventually shift to match it.
Strategy Nine: Analyze group influences on your life: Closely analyze the behavior that is encouraged, and discouraged, in the groups to which you belong. For any given group, what are you "required" to believe? What are you "forbidden" to do? Every group enforces some level of conformity. Most people live much too much within the view of themselves projected by others.
Discover what pressure you are bowing to and think explicitly about whether or not to reject that pressure. The very first and most important step for developing critical thinking skills is becoming a critic of your own thoughts and actions. You can break down your own thoughts by asking yourself why you believe something. When you do this, you need to clarify your thoughts by assessing this information objectively and finding a solid logic to what you believe, rather than just a muddled idea.
Why do I believe this? Can I think of examples in my life when this proved true or false? Am I attached to this idea emotionally? When we self-reflect, we are able to observe how we respond to a situation, in our minds and out loud. Another aspect of becoming a self-critic is acknowledging your strengths , weaknesses, personal preferences and biases. When you know this information, you can understand why you approach certain situations from a specific perspective, and then you can step around that viewpoint because you are aware of its presence.
Active listening. Thinking and listening are nearly impossible to do at the same time. Listening allows us to feel empathy. When we hear their perspective, we can take that information and analyze it. When we use active listening skills, we can fully understand what someone is trying to tell us because that conversation continues until all parties can reiterate what the other is trying to say.
Analyzing information. You can drag rows up and down as you need to, and set indentation levels that make it easy to see how ideas and evidence fit together. Determining relevance with mind maps Mind mapping is fundamental to critical thinking.
The idea behind mind mapping is that you start with a central theme or idea, typically drawn in a box in the middle of the page, and then from that you create branches, which lead to other ideas, or to supporting evidence or ancillary information. The strength of connections within a mind map are often illustrated by the thickness of branches between elements. And additional information can be added by labelling the branches, either with words or with images.
With mind maps, you can reorganize your ideas really easily if you decide something belongs to something else. Bold images are much more memorable than small insignificant ones, for example.
And it has an iOS version that supports Handoff, so you can start off working on your Mac and switch to iPad, or vice versa. However, there are specialist note-taking apps that allow you to take notes in ways that allow you to link ideas.
Studies , for example, allows you to make notes on cards and include information in the form of images and videos, allowing you to gather supporting evidence onto same card as the main idea. Ulysses is primarily a tool for writing but you can use it to take notes and by gathering separate notes together in a project you can build an argument.
Notes can be linked together, and you can add links to reference material too. You can use it as a place to put images and links, as well as text, meaning you can get on with researching a subject and allow Unclutter to organize your notes.And all this is meant to guide: Beliefs You can essay writing reflection letter assignment define it this way: Critical thinking is the opposite of regular, everyday thinking. Moment to moment, most thinking happens automatically. This is what critical thinking is. But so what? Why Does Critical Thinking Matter? Most of our everyday thinking is uncritical.
Get involved in class discussions in tutorials.
In college and in life, however, the answers to most meaningful questions are rarely straightforward. Multitasking: What's Best for Productivity?
Deal with Your Ego. When listening and analyzing different arguments, you first need the ability to recognize valid logic. And all this is meant to guide: Beliefs You can also define it this way: Critical thinking is the opposite of regular, everyday thinking. Describe what you did in response to that situation. We continue to tell ourselves that multitasking helps us get more done, but science has repeatedly debunked that claim Single- vs. Dubner Sometimes an explanation becomes so complex that the original question get lost.
Notice when you become defensive when another person tries to point out a deficiency in your work, or your thinking. The Skills We Need for Critical Thinking The skills that we need in order to be able to think critically are varied and include observation, analysis, interpretation, reflection, evaluation, inference, explanation, problem solving, and decision making. Critical thinking has been the subject of much debate and thought since the time of early Greek philosophers such as Plato and Socrates and has continued to be a subject of discussion into the modern age, for example the ability to recognise fake news. The basis of nonviolent communication is compassion, observation and collaboration. It might be thought that we are overextending our demands on critical thinking in expecting that it can help to construct focused meaning rather than examining the information given and the knowledge we have acquired to see if we can, if necessary, construct a meaning that will be acceptable and useful. How did they say it?
As time passes, you will notice patterns in your thinking. Is there some way of lessening the conflict? That is, until you learn that a sugary cereal company funded it. Once again, this shows how critical thinking is important from an interpersonal perspective, not just a cognitive perspective. All of these actions make you a better thinker.
What is your goal and what are you trying to discover, prove, disprove, support or criticize? Making connections between ideas.
Constant internet access, crowd-sourced ideas, and the instant availability of new ideas means you have a huge amount of information to process if you want to make sense of it all. Do they stand up to scrutiny? No one of them is essential. By honing your critical thinking abilities, you give yourself a boost in both your personal and professional lives. You can use the same strategy to try and coax someone else through a problem when they bring it to you.
Let your lecturers or tutors know if you feel strongly about something that they have taught you, or about feedback that they have given you this applies whether you agree, disagree, or just want to know more. In this article, we will explain 9 strategies that any motivated person can use to develop as a thinker. This is the exact opposite of what you need for critical thinking. For getting a job, if nothing else. Did I allow any negative thinking to frustrate me unnecessarily?
From increasing productivity, to maintaining accountability, we explore why you should consider introducing journaling as a productivity tool into your workday.
Sometimes we become irritated about matters beyond our control. Here are a few key basic question you can ask when approaching any problem: What do you already know? NotePlan is a note-taking app that allows you to format notes with Markdown, and to create checklists or to-do lists. When you know this information, you can understand why you approach certain situations from a specific perspective, and then you can step around that viewpoint because you are aware of its presence. So, what is critical thinking, precisely? Another thing you can do to help is to deliberately expose your mind to other ways of thinking.