Rather than wasting your time on trying to figure out what to include, just use the important premises and summarize them into one-two sentences in the abstract. Step 3 While researching or carrying out surveys for your paper, write down everything you do.
Use these notes to create methods sections for the abstract. This particular section just has to inform a reader about the process you implemented to find the answers from the objective. No need to introduce unnecessary information. Step 4 Make sure the abstract answers these questions: What is the purpose of this research?
How was the research conducted? How did I get my answers? As the abstract is almost always one long paragraph, the individual sections should naturally merge into one another to create a holistic effect.
Use the following as a checklist to ensure that you have included all of the necessary content in your abstract. So your research is about rabies in Brazilian squirrels. So what? Why is this important? You should start your abstract by explaining why people should care about this study—why is it significant to your field and perhaps to the wider world?
And what is exact purpose of your study; what are you trying to achieve? Start by answering the following questions: What made you decide to do this study or project? Why is this study important to your field or to the lay reader?
Why should someone read your entire essay? You can combine the problem with the motivation section, but from a perspective of organization and clarity, it is best to separate the two. Here are some precise questions to address: What is your research trying to better understand or what problem is it trying to solve?
What is the scope of your study—does it try to explain something general or specific? What is your central claim or argument? You have establish the importance of the research, your motivation for studying this issue, and the specific problem your paper addresses. Now you need to discuss how you solved or made progress on this problem—how you conducted your research. If your study includes your own work or that of your team, describe that here.
If in your paper you reviewed the work of others, explain this here. Did you use analytic models? A simulation? A double-blind study? A case study?
You are basically showing the reader the internal engine of your research machine and how it functioned in the study.
Here you will give an overview of the outcome of your study. Avoid using too many vague qualitative terms e. Save your qualitative language for the conclusion statement. Answer questions like these: What did your study yield in concrete terms e. How did your results compare to your hypothesis?
They will only consider reading the rest of the manuscript if they find your abstract interesting. For studies in the humanities and social sciences, the abstract is typically descriptive. These abstracts may also be seen in review articles or conference proceedings.
In scientific writing, on the other hand, abstracts are usually structured to describe the background, methods, results, and conclusions, with or without subheadings.
Now how do you go about fitting the essential points from your entire paper— why the research was conducted, what the aims were, how these were met, and what the main findings were—into a paragraph of just words?
Select key sentences and phrases from your Methods section. Identify the major results from your Results section. Now, arrange the sentences and phrases selected in steps 2, 3, and 4 into a single paragraph in the following sequence: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Conclusions.
Step 2 For your objective and conclusion sections, you can use the most important information from introduction and conclusion section of the research paper. Note: Your abstract should read like an overview of your paper, not a proposal for what you intended to study or accomplish. In scientific journals, abstracts let readers decide whether the research discussed is relevant to their own interests or study.
When you have written a research pape r, a thesis, or a dissertation, it is common practice to provide a summary of the work contained in the document. Pick out key statements from your introduction, methods, results, and discussion sections to frame your abstract with a logical flow. It makes no judgments about the work, nor does it provide results or conclusions of the research. Note: The following are specifications for an abstract in APA style, used in the social sciences, such as psychology or anthropology. Conclusions and Implications In this last part of a research abstract, you should discuss the results and their possible importance for the field or even the world. It consists of three parts: scope, arguments, and conclusions.