Why is it important to determine if writing attitude is a separable construct from reading attitude? Teachers may assume that if a child is positive about reading, she or he is positive about writing or vice versa. This will only be the case, however, if writing and reading attitudes measure a single underlying construct.
For instance, students with a less favorable attitude are likely to write less often and expend less effort when composing than students with a more favorable attitude Graham et al. This may be especially important for boys and children from economically poor families, as they are at greater risk for writing difficulties Graham, Methods Participants The participants were first grade and third grade children attending schools in a large metropolitan school district in the Northwest.
At first grade, 70 students were girls and 58 boys. At third grade, 57 students were girls and 56 boys. Participating students were part of a five-year long longitudinal study.
These students were recruited to participate through a letter sent to all parents of children in the district who were entering first grade or third grade in the coming fall. Interested parents were asked to contact a research coordinator, who explained the study and obtained informed consent from those parents who decided to enroll their child and bring the child to a university setting to complete a series of assessments.
Data for this study was collected during the first year of the longitudinal study, and all children who were consented participated. While a few children were from the same school, none of them were in the same classroom.
The mean standard score for this test is , with a standard deviation of Procedures Each child completed a survey with items assessing their attitudes towards writing and reading. They also wrote a personal narrative about an event in their life. All testing took place in a quiet room, and was conducted individually with each child by trained research staff. The writing and reading attitude items were administered after the personal narrative writing task.
First, we provided a break between the administration of the writing task and the attitude items. Second, the items on the attitude survey did not directly refer to the writing task that students completed as part of the experiment.
Instead, the items asked students how they felt about writing and reading in school and at home. The assessments are described below. Measures Writing and reading attitude items Students were asked to respond to 24 questions designed to measure their attitudes toward writing and reading. High school teachers can help prepare students to acquire new skill sets such as shifting from writing literary criticism to writing exposition and persuasion, and shifting from an emphasis on self-discovery to one on analysis and correctness, for example and to be flexible and open to higher standards and new writing strategies.
College-bound students should be aware that literary criticism is not the only way to think, read, and write critically.
Every campus discipline has its own discourse conventions, and all disciplines require adherence to those conventions as a prerequisite for effective communication. Basic research skills beyond casual web surfing will not only aid students in their writing but will also help them develop a sense of cultural context and a base of knowledge for example, a sense of national and international geography, history, and politics from which to write.
Students would also benefit from a developmentally appropriate look at how to evaluate the credibility of source material. College-bound students need regular and guided access to texts beyond their literature textbooks: magazines, journals, newspapers, essays, articles, and book-length nonfiction texts. Top suggestions for form and format: College-bound students should have rhetorical skills that go beyond the five-paragraph and Jane Shaffer essays, whose templates prevent students from successfully mastering the complex writing assignments they must complete in college, and whose constraints require that the textual content fit the form rather than the other way around.
This item received the most attention among those who responded to my email request for information. College-bound students should be prepared to place a thesis in a variety of appropriate locations in an academic work, including places other than the end of the first paragraph. You might be wondering, "What can I do if I don't especially enjoy writing? Is there any way I can change the way I feel about having to write? Certainly, you can change your attitude--and you will, as you gain more experience as a writer.
Writing can be personally rewarding and enriching, an outlet for your anxieties rather than a cause of them. Keeping a journal , composing e-mails or text messages to friends, even writing an occasional poem or short story whether or not you ever intend to show your work to anyone else --all allow you to practice your writing skills without the fear of being judged.
At the beginning to the campaign, he made a speech in which he said that the United States was a House, but a House Divided by slavery; to survive it would have to be either all free or all slaves.
When he candidate for the presidency of the United States, more than anything else I think he won because for those people who were opposed to slavery he was the only choice.
From my point of view Abraham Lincoln was completely opposed to slavery because, from historical point of view at that time slavery was the answer at to the disputes between free states and slave states. After the Civil War, the North was developing through commerce and its new industrial capacities, meanwhile the South was flourishing through the cost of labor — manual labor and the use of slaves. It was seen for many decades as a subject for social upheaval, political debate, and most importantly a matter of The attitude of children towards healthy behaviours affects them both immediately and in the future.
By emphasizing the importance of physical activity via a positive role model such as Cam Newton, the NFL is directing a message to young children that physical activity and exercise are necessary in order to live a high quality life and one day ultimately fulfill their dreams. This commercial appears to be directed at pre-school and elementary school children.
By targeting children of the pre-school and elementary ages, the NFL attempts to establish healthy behaviours in their younger audience whose behaviours can be modified the easiest.
If a child learns to value physical activity and recognize the benefits at a young age, they are more likely to continue to be active and ultimately benefit their overall wellness in the years to come.
Child and adolscent obesity. Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolsecent health care, 34 1 , This commercial involves a mother and her daughter who appear to be attending Melissa M. The results indicated that Year 9 girls had significantly more positive attitudes towards feminism than Year 11 girls. The integral involvement of socialisation processes is necessarily implicated in this critical period. Tajfel ; specified that the two important components of group identification were the awareness of one's group membership and the evaluative stance towards one's membership in that The Chinese government has attached great importance to e-tailing in spurring economic growth and recently has released a series of policies to regularize and guide Internet and e-tailing development 6.
Furthermore, China has overtaken Japan as the world's second-largest economy and is predicted to replace the US as the world's top economy in roughly a decade Collectively, all of these factors bode well for an improving etailing environment in China.
The focus of this study is to examine whether online consumers in China and the US share similar attitudes with regard to online shopping. While there is a wealth of research focusing on online shopping behaviour in Western countries, relatively little research has compared consumer attitudes toward online shopping across nations.
Reflecting the call by Van Slyke, Belanger and Sridhar 13 for more Unformatted text preview: writing is a good way to relax your mind. Writing gives you an outlet to writing about thing that you are afraid to speak about both negative and positives. Writing help provide a better insight about you and your life story like when you apply to a university or company you get a chance to write and show your abilities and what you can contribute to.Write write when I reaction just how After my seventeen years of living, I have found out that when I need to express my feelings but have no one there to listen to me, writing is the best way out. In the years previous to now I have always outline the idea of writing, Essay never understood what the response of writing was if I could just simply tell the writing a college essay format what I thought. So why write? Not too long of a time ago I asked myself this vary question.
Assigning five pages on Topic X encourages students to work toward the length requirement first and foremost, whereas assignments whose topics demand a certain length will encourage critical thinking and clear writing about the topic. So why write? Some societies engage in death avoidance while others celebrate the communion between the living and the dead. Lincoln was always opposed to the slavery, because it was the contradiction of his yearning for transformation and self improvement. Finally, we examined if attitudes toward reading and writing were related to SES and gender.
Most deaths in the past occurred in the home. This essay will entail how cultural attitudes toward dying, death, and bereavement have changed. I never said, "I'm not going to need Physics; why do I need to learn this? For example, when writing about topics I am not familiar with, I have to do research, that takes a lot of time and energy. This may be especially important for boys and children from economically poor families, as they are at greater risk for writing difficulties Graham,
Interrater reliability was. Further validation that attitude towards writing is a separable construct from attitude towards reading was obtained at the third-grade level, where writing attitude made a unique and significant contribution, beyond the other two attitude measures, to the prediction of three measures of writing: quality, length, and longest correct word sequence. There are enormous variations across societies and over time in attitudes toward death.