The world's extreme conditions aren't usually spots for tourist attraction. Antarctica, with extreme physical conditions is incredibly amazing tourist destination. The polar region being covered with snow, unique wildlife, huge mountains, valleys, ice bergs etc are the factors for the increase in the number of people visiting the Antarctica.
The number of tourists to Antarctica has increased quite considerably. Antarctica is completely different to any other holiday destination in the world.
With no malls, no shopping complexes, no restaurants. This expansion of Antarctic tourism has not been without disaster. Erebus, killing passengers. Today, the actual number of tourists that travel to Antarctica could be considered insignificant when compared to most other places in the world. The difference, however, is that other places have made a conscious decision to trade the possibilities of environmental damage in exchange for economic growth, with some sort of local authority assigned to making sure the environment is protected in some way.
Tourism in Antarctica Tourists to Antarctica are, according to Beck, fare-paying passengers aboard organised tours, private expedition members, or adventurers visiting the continent through privately organised travel with the majority being United States citizens Beck, cited in Abbriano, Belrose, Valles, , p.
However, the difficulty in defining tourist is highlighted by Parker and Holman, suggesting that Antarctic tourist are, in many incidences, made up of a majority of scientific research personnel and therefore should be considered as transient visitors with a high tourist interest.
Parker and Holman , observed that during the research program at Lake Bonney, of the helicopter hours allocated to the transport of research staff to and from the site, less than half were directly related to the research program, the rest were there for a? During the life of the research station there were a total of ? Parker and Holman suggest that as a result of these statistics combined with the knowledge that in when Lake Vanda was closed, visitation to Lake Bonney dropped by 68 percent, indicates that most research staff??
Parker, B. Further highlighting that? Antarctica is the only continent where humans are not indigenous and where civilisation never evolved?. It is conceivable that the idea of having to be clothed from head to foot at all times due to extreme cold is anathema to the? Ecotourism is a growth industry throughout the Antarctic region. During the summer season tourists visited Antarctica compared with fewer than a decade earlier, records indicate the current tourist focus is on ecotourism, whale watching, visiting scientific research stations and historical huts.
Carvallo, , pp. Legislation Pertaining to Antarctica Australian law lists offences and prescribes penalties for many activities which may be harmful to the Antarctic environment. It also sets out obligations such as those to plan appropriately with environmental impacts in mind, and to fully assess activities which may cause disturbance to plants and animals Antarctic Treaty, summary, appendix 2.
In order to facilitate the pursuit of research in the Antarctic, and to ensure that it remained open to all nations to conduct scientific or peaceful activities there, the governments of the 12 nations who were [then] active in the Antarctic signed the Antarctic Treaty in Washington on 1 December It has since been acceded to by many other nations Summary of the Antarctic Treaty, , Appendix 2.
International tourism involves activity of inbound and outbound tourist of a country and resident or non-resident visitors within the country World Tourism Organisation It has been generally accepted that tourism is, for the most part and with relatively few exceptions, beneficial to both generating and destination countries Holloway, , p.
However, tourism business begun its operation with tourist in at the time of coronation of fourth king, His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuk and since then tourism business started growing in Bhutan.
Antarctica Essay Essay on Antarctica Antarctica is one of the world most pristine and delicate environments. Through this, tourism has become a major factor in recent years as Antarctica use to be inaccessible to tourists but now technology has made it possible to normal everyday people to visit the white continent. The effects that tourism can have on Antarctica are numerous and can lead to devastation.
Threats are mainly pollution, oil spills, increasing tourism which all, in there own way, have, and will continue to have significant effects on the environment. Antarctica is also unique in the way that it has less pollution the anywhere else in the world obviously due to the lack of civilization and people, but as more and more tourists flock to Antarctica is has a gradual effect on the natural environment. The reasons why it is so important to protect Antarctica is due to its unique features that are not found anywhere else in the world and if this us taken away, it will probably be gone for goof.
Antarctica has been home to many other dinosaur fossil finds but what was so special about these fossils is that they were from an unknown species of dinosaurs. Really what the discovery compliments is that the discovery of these fossils encourages the theory of plate tectonics and continental drift However, this rare and lucky occurrence in the paleontology world has occured.
Two research teams have retrieved fossils of two different dinosaurs in Antarctica that might possibly be unknown species. As time went on and the plates underneath the Earth began to separate, the continents land moved towards the poles where glaciation occurred.
Glaciation is the process in which glaciers were formed during the ice age.The satellites measure changes in gravity to determine mass variations of the entire Antarctic ice sheet. Tourism observations found that that descriptive writing essay gcse of Antarctic mass loss comes from Western Antarctica. Essay ice thickness help decreased forty percent since antarctica early s.
Order now The pollution created by these long-distance flights is considerable and contributes to global warming.
You can order a custom essay on Antarctica now! This motive can be seen as the driving force behind the first tourism expeditions to Antarctica in aboard a Argentinian Naval transport vessel the Les Ecaireurs.
Tourist's visiting Antarctica have some guidelines that need to be followed in order to preserve the environment and its fragility.
But much more than the damage caused by these gases, is the damage caused by men on the land. However, tourism's relationship with the environment is complex. Current ways in which Environmentalists are helping this is that they are informing the tourists and other people on how important and fragile the environment is and what they need to do to minimise the damage they are causing when visiting. Approximately 60 percent of these are scientific research activities, the balance are logistics related. The effects of water reservoirs on the environment have stirred controversy since their introduction. However, tourism business begun its operation with tourist in at the time of coronation of fourth king, His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuk and since then tourism business started growing in Bhutan.
Travel to the destination is primarily by ship and even at the closest port of call, Ushuaia in Argentina, requires a 48 hour sea journey, conceivably accentuating both these phases of the experience. Therefore increasing the number of tourists will increase the number of ships, thereby increasing oil spillage, oil doesn't mix with water, causing a rise of two different fluids, this fluid mechanics is much more complex than just oil and water, causing great danger to the animal life of the continent. Tourism is now recognized as having considerable potential as a tool for development and as a. Appendix 1. Each spring the coast of Antarctica awakens with the return of millions of seabirds to breed. Antarctica Essay Essay on Antarctica Antarctica is one of the world most pristine and delicate environments.
This expansion of Antarctic tourism has not been without disaster. Antarctica, with extreme physical conditions is incredibly amazing tourist destination. Mass tourists can exploit the region, the damage of a single footprint can destroy these species, which probably will never recover again. Current ways in which Environmentalists are helping this is that they are informing the tourists and other people on how important and fragile the environment is and what they need to do to minimise the damage they are causing when visiting. Antarctica has been home to many other dinosaur fossil finds but what was so special about these fossils is that they were from an unknown species of dinosaurs.
Parker and Holman suggest that as a result of these statistics combined with the knowledge that in when Lake Vanda was closed, visitation to Lake Bonney dropped by 68 percent, indicates that most research staff??
There are many concerns and factors today that are affecting the natural environment of Antarctica.
The only activity that uses Antarctica commercially is Tourism, mainly concentrated to Antarctic Peninsula and to a lesser extent the Ross Sea. During the life of the research station there were a total of ? Glaciation is the process in which glaciers were formed during the ice age. Carvallo, , pp. From these beginnings a thriving tourist industry has developed including theme based educational tourism lead by the Southern Heritage Expedition Group entitled, In The Footsteps of Scott and Shackleton, cited in Oceanus, , p.
Walton gives an account of the human impact of land-based sealing and whaling activities through history, which ceased by , resulted in settlements and processing stations on several islands which led to widespread destruction of the vegetation around these areas The introduction of domestic animals sheep, goats, cattle, horses, pigs, poultry, cats, dogs and the accidentally introduced rats and mice have caused significant changes to both the vegetation and the native wildlife. SSSIs Sites of Special Scientific Interest , such as Bird Island on South Georgia are laid out beforehand, and tourists are not allowed to visit these, in order to preserve wildlife and certain habitats.