The answer to this question depends on many factors, but typically it is okay not to do a thesis if you plan to enter a field that doesn't depend heavily on research or writing, or if you don't plan to complete a Ph. Students wanting to work in academic, research, or writing should always opt for the thesis track. They should also follow this path if they have any doctoral degree aspirations.
The Decision Not to do a Thesis Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to complete a thesis rests with the individual student. Figuring out how to proceed on this front requires lots of careful consideration, and learners should ensure they consider various aspects before coming to a final decision.
The following section helps students consider how they should and should not come to a conclusion. Dos and Don'ts of Choosing a Thesis or Non-thesis Program Do Consider the longevity of your decision: will you feel the same in years or are you making a decision based on current desires? Talk to others who with experience in this area. Ask them questions about their decision-making process and if they regret their choice.
Research potential thesis topics before starting a program. Going in with a game plan can help you feel more confident and settled about the process than if you're scrambling for a topic while in school.
Not all students want to write and complete a thesis before graduating. If you want to know whether you will have to write a thesis to get a Master's degree, it is vital for you to investigate your program of study, review your options, and figure out the best way for you to complete your Master's degree. To find out more about programs that might interest you, check out 25 Most Impressive University Medical School Libraries.
Find Your Degree. A PhD requires a much longer thesis, normally between 80, and , words. Both the PhD and MPhil require a more sophisticated research agenda, which will rely heavily on independent field research or unique text-based research. At the Masters level, research does not need to be completely unique and ground-breaking, as it does for a PhD.
However, Masters students are still expected to provide original writing and critical analysis. Masters Dissertation will typically contain the following dissertation structure , although the length and nature of these vary according to the academic field: Abstract — a brief summary statement that contextualises your research, outlines your methodology and summarises findings. Literature Review — a chapter that summarises the most important theories and philosophies that are relevant to your research.
Methodology — a dissertation chapter or statement that details the methods used to conduct your research, and provides a justification for this choice. Analytical Chapters — the main body of the dissertation, these chapters provide the critical analysis of your chosen material or subject. Conclusion — the final chapter summarises your findings and suggests possible directions for future research. France[ edit ] The cover of the thesis presented by Claude Bernard to obtain his Doctorate of Medicine The minimum page length is generally and not formally pages or about , characters , but is usually several times longer except for technical theses and for "exact sciences" such as physics and maths.
The word dissertation in French is reserved for shorter 1,—2, words , more generic academic treatises. The defense is called a soutenance. Germany[ edit ] In Germany, an academic thesis is called Abschlussarbeit or, more specifically, the basic name of the degree complemented by -arbeit rough translation: -work; e.
For bachelor's and master's degrees, the name can alternatively be complemented by -thesis instead e. Length is often given in page count and depends upon departments, faculties, and fields of study. A bachelor's thesis is often 40—60 pages long, a diploma thesis and a master's thesis usually 60— The required submission for a doctorate is called a Dissertation or Doktorarbeit. The submission for a Habilitation , which is an academic qualification, not an academic degree, is called Habilitationsschrift, not Habilitationsarbeit.
PhD by publication is becoming increasingly common in many fields of study[ citation needed ]. A doctoral degree is often earned with multiple levels of a Latin honors remark for the thesis ranging from summa cum laude best to rite duly. A thesis can also be rejected with a Latin remark non-rite, non-sufficit or worst as sub omni canone. Bachelor's and master's theses receive numerical grades from 1. India[ edit ] In India the thesis defense is called a viva voce Latin for "by live voice" examination viva in short.
Involved in the viva are two examiners, one guide student guide and the candidate. One examiner is an academic from the candidate's own university department but not one of the candidate's supervisors and the other is an external examiner from a different university.
Engineering qualifications such as BTech, B. In all the cases, the dissertation can be extended for summer internship at certain research and development organizations or also as PhD synopsis. Indonesia[ edit ] In Indonesia, the term thesis is used specifically to refer to master's theses.
The undergraduate thesis is called skripsi, while the doctoral dissertation is called disertasi. In general, those three terms are usually called as tugas akhir final assignment , which is mandatory for the completion of a degree. Undergraduate students usually begin to write their final assignment in their third, fourth or fifth enrollment year, depends on the requirements of their respective disciplines and universities.
In some universities, students are required to write a proposal skripsi or proposal tesis thesis proposal before they could write their final assignment. If the thesis proposal is considered to fulfill the qualification by the academic examiners, students then may proceed to write their final assignment. Iran[ edit ] In Iran, usually students are required to present a thesis in their master's degree and a dissertation in their Doctorate degree, both of which requiring the students to defend their research before a committee and gaining their approval.
Most of the norms and rules of writing a thesis or a dissertation are influenced by the French higher education system. Thesis requirements vary greatly between degrees and disciplines, ranging from as low as 3—4 ECTS credits to more than Thesis work is mandatory for the completion of a degree.
Malaysia[ edit ] Malaysian universities often follow the British model for dissertations and degrees. However, a few universities follow the United States model for theses and dissertations.
Branch campuses of British, Australian and Middle East universities in Malaysia use the respective models of the home campuses. Pakistan[ edit ] In Pakistan, at undergraduate level the thesis is usually called final year project, as it is completed in the senior year of the degree, the name project usually implies that the work carried out is less extensive than a thesis and bears lesser credit hours too. The undergraduate level project is presented through an elaborate written report and a presentation to the advisor, a board of faculty members and students.
At graduate level however, i. A written report and a public thesis defense is mandatory, in the presence of a board of senior researchers, consisting of members from an outside organization or a university.
A PhD candidate is supposed to accomplish extensive research work to fulfill the dissertation requirements with international publications being a mandatory requirement. The defense of the research work is done publicly. Before starting, consult with other scholarly texts to see exactly how a master's thesis should be structured with an introduction, literary review, main body, conclusion, and bibliography. Finding a thesis topic may be the simplest or hardest part for you, but choose one that interests you and gives you room to explore, according to Ta Da!
Creating a detailed outline will prompt an easier flow of ideas for a well-written thesis. It's advised that you stay aware of your thesis defense date to allow enough time for proofreading and possibly sending your work to an editor. Related Resource: Oral Exam Preparation Overall, a master's thesis is designed to support a graduate student's academic and professional qualifications for a degree by presenting research findings.
The examining committee normally consists of the thesis committee, usually a given number of professors mainly from the student's university plus his or her primary supervisor, an external examiner someone not otherwise connected to the university , and a chair person.
A longer paper or essay presented for completion of a 4-year bachelor's degree is sometimes called a major paper. This means that students should have done prior homework and have some good questions ready. The term dissertation is used for a doctoral degree paper doktorska disertacija.
Malaysia[ edit ] Malaysian universities often follow the British model for dissertations and degrees. Theses require intense devotion over an extended amount of time; learners who complete them without conviction often find the process miserable. Examinations for PhD and Habilitation degrees are public. Lesser projects a master's thesis, for example are judged by whether or not they demonstrate mastery of available scholarship in the presentation of an idea. Required word length, complexity, and contribution to scholarship varies widely across universities in the country.