Here are some general questions about different types of things you might have to compare. You may want to begin by using the questions reporters traditionally ask: Who? Two historical periods or events When did they occur—do you know the date s and duration? What happened or changed during each? Why are they significant? What kinds of work did people do?
What kinds of relationships did they have? What did they value? What kinds of governments were there? Who were important people involved? What caused events in these periods, and what consequences did they have later on?
Two ideas or theories Did they originate at some particular time? Who created them? Who uses or defends them? What is the central focus, claim, or goal of each? What conclusions do they offer?
Which seems more plausible to you, and why? How broad is their scope? What kind of evidence is usually offered for them?
These items will differ depending on the assignment. You might be asked to compare positions on an issue e. Make sure you know the basis for comparison The assignment sheet may say exactly what you need to compare, or it may ask you to come up with a basis for comparison yourself. The basis for comparison will be the figure of the gentleman. Developed by you: The question may simply ask that you compare the two novels.
If so, you will need to develop a basis for comparison, that is, a theme, concern, or device common to both works from which you can draw similarities and differences. Develop a list of similarities and differences Once you know your basis for comparison, think critically about the similarities and differences between the items you are comparing, and compile a list of them.
For example, you might decide that in Great Expectations, being a true gentleman is not a matter of manners or position but morality, whereas in The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, being a true gentleman is not about luxury and self-indulgence but hard work and productivity. The list you have generated is not yet your outline for the essay, but it should provide you with enough similarities and differences to construct an initial plan.
Develop a thesis based on the relative weight of similarities and differences Once you have listed similarities and differences, decide whether the similarities on the whole outweigh the differences or vice versa. It will determine the success of the entire project.
How do you write it? Point-by-point is the usual approach to this type of assignment, since it goes back and forth between the two subjects, making the similarities and differences as obvious as possible. Choose an approach! For example, you may help the reader see a meaningful connection between the two subjects. Sociology and psychology are both great choices for a major in terms of perspectives, but they differ in terms of complexity, career choices, and usefulness for society.
You may also show the reader how one of the subjects has more advantages than the other. You may also talk about the similarities and differences in your thesis statement. Although both cats and dogs are great pets for young couples, they differ in terms of maintenance, adaptability, and independence from their owners.
This essay type is common at university, where lecturers frequently test your understanding by asking you to compare and contrast two theories, two methods, two historical periods, two characters in a novel, etc. The following words may be helpful to you in signaling your intentions: like, similar to, also, unlike, similarly, in the same way, likewise, again, compared to, in contrast, in like manner, contrasted with, on the contrary, however, although, yet, even though, still, but, nevertheless, conversely, at the same time, regardless, despite, while, on the one hand … on the other hand. Sociology and psychology are both great choices for a major in terms of perspectives, but they differ in terms of complexity, career choices, and usefulness for society. Point-by-point is the usual approach to this type of assignment, since it goes back and forth between the two subjects, making the similarities and differences as obvious as possible.
A more complex thesis will usually include both similarities and differences. Talking about the different ways nature is depicted or the different aspects of nature that are emphasized might be more interesting and show a more sophisticated understanding of the poems. Professors often like the alternating system because it generally does a better job of highlighting similarities and differences by juxtaposing your points about A and B. Develop a thesis based on the relative weight of similarities and differences Once you have listed similarities and differences, decide whether the similarities on the whole outweigh the differences or vice versa. Although both cats and dogs are great pets for young couples, they differ in terms of maintenance, adaptability, and independence from their owners. Offer Your Opinion A writer should deviate from the objective information supported by outside sources in the body of the essay.
Similarities outweigh differences: Although Darwin and Lamarck came to different conclusions about whether acquired traits can be inherited, they shared the key distinction of recognizing that species evolve over time. Next you must decide which of them are interesting, important, and relevant enough to be included in your paper.
You have the freedom to express your own opinion about the thesis based on the supporting evidence discussed. The two types of structure, block and point-by-point, are shown in the diagram below. For the point-by-point structure, each similarity or difference for one object is followed immediately by the similarity or difference for the other.
The Alternating Approach The formula is simple: reveal the ideas associated with subject A and subject B and alternates between them depending on the argument being offered. Developed by you: The question may simply ask that you compare the two novels. What, if anything, are they known for? Avoid redundancy by ensuring your voice in the introduction is different from that in the conclusion.
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