Remember, even the most seasoned academic veterans have had to learn how to write a research paper at some point in their career. Therefore, with diligence, organization, practice, a willingness to learn and to make mistakes! The pages in this section cover the following topic areas related to the process of writing a research paper: Genre- This section will provide an overview for understanding the difference between an analytical and argumentative research paper.
Choosing a Topic- This section will guide the student through the process of choosing topics, whether the topic be one that is assigned or one that the student chooses themselves. Identifying an Audience- This section will help the student understand the often times confusing topic of audience by offering some basic guidelines for the process.
Did I leave a sense of completion for my reader s at the end of the paper? For an excellent source on English composition, check out this classic book by William Strunk, Jr. Note: William Strunk, Jr. The Elements of Style was first published in There is also a particular formatting style you must follow. There are several formatting styles typically used.
APA American Psychological Association style is mostly used to cite sources within the field of social sciences. Instead of providing individual recommendations for each publishing format printed, online, e-books etc. You should necessarily ask your instuctor which formatting style is required for your paper and format it accordingly before submitting. Read the assignment sheet again to be sure that you understand fully what is expected of you, and that your essay meets the requirements as specified by your teacher.
Know how your essay will be evaluated. Proofread final paper carefully for spelling, punctuation, missing or duplicated words.
Make the effort to ensure that your final paper is clean, tidy, neat, and attractive. And you acquire it by practice.
Do a review of the best papers in your domain. Write a one page summary of the best papers in your domain.
Can you understand their theme, main construct, the supporting argument and evidence? Can you present it all in one page? Better, post them in your blog. Get used to publishing what you write. You will have lesser resistance to writing and publishing this way. Share your paper with your friends, reviewers, whomever is ready — ask them what they understood. Is the idea clear? Is the solution clear? Is there a correlation between the two?
What parts are found easy to read and what parts are difficult? Feedback is the best way to improve on your writing. Write like you talk. What organizational plan will best support my purpose? Writing the Introduction In the introduction you will need to do the following things: present relevant background or contextual material define terms or concepts when necessary explain the focus of the paper and your specific purpose reveal your plan of organization Writing the Body Use your outline and prospectus as flexible guides Build your essay around points you want to make i.
If prior to your conclusion you have not yet explained the significance of your findings or if you are proceeding inductively, use the end of your paper to add your points up, to explain their significance.
Given this, it is important that specialist terminology [i. Too old? To do otherwise is simply story-telling.
Your narrative should not include regional dialects or slang terms because they can be open to interpretation; be direct and concise using standard English. Afterwards, you need to write an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The Big Picture Unlike fiction or journalistic writing, the overall structure of academic writing is formal and logical. Yes, it is appropriate for you to use specialist language and a formal style of expression in academic writing, but it does not mean using "big words" just for the sake of doing so. You will face resistance.
Wondering what to do next? Make the effort to ensure that your final paper is clean, tidy, neat, and attractive. This is particularly true in academic writing because words and terminology can evolve a nuanced meaning that describes a particular idea, concept, or phenomenon derived from the epistemological culture of that discipline [e. A good idea is to provide some recommendations based on the results of your investigation or suggest some directions for further research. Order Now Write your first draft Start with the first topic in your outline.
The Library has guides for each. Descriptive writing. The next stage is editing. If prior to your conclusion you have not yet explained the significance of your findings or if you are proceeding inductively, use the end of your paper to add your points up, to explain their significance. Know how your essay will be evaluated.
What is my thesis or purpose statement? Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e. And read them all.
There are few individuals for whom this process comes naturally. Describing a research problem is an important means of contextualizing a study. Originality does count! Given this, it is important that specialist terminology [i. These can be found by either searching in the USC Libraries catalog by entering the disciplinary and the word dictionary [e.
First-Year Seminar Handbook. Re-read your paper for grammatical errors. Writing your research effectively is one of the critical steps in getting your paper accepted. And you will get better in citing the right sources for your research — an important part of building effective arguments in your paper. Personal experience. This is an accordion element with a series of buttons that open and close related content panels.
Write like you talk. You should ask your friends or family members to review your research paper and express their opinion about it. First-Year Seminar Handbook. Record all your citations as you go. Have I made my intentions and points clear in the essay? However, in academic writing, this must then be followed by detailed explanation and analysis of each item.
In any case, you should follow specific guidelines provided by your instructor. You should ask your friends or family members to review your research paper and express their opinion about it. But some of the best words will flow out of your hands and minds when you fight it out.