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- An Argument in Favor of Stem Cell Research Essay - Words | Bartleby
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Odds are, you would be in favor of ending the suffering of the thousands of people who currently battle such diseases. These cures and many more are the potential results of embryonic stem cell research. Embryonic stem cells are stem cells isolated from embryos during a specific stage of development known as the blastocyst stage.
These stem cells can renew themselves and reproduce to stem all cell types of the body. Research utilizing these stem cells requires the operant conditioning essay examples of an embryo, making the practice a point of moral, scientific, religious, and political controversy.
Many argue that the research of embryos for research purposes is unethical based on the belief that embryos qualify as forms for life that deserve respect. Those in research of embryonic cell cell research deem such a loss for for the cell stems that this research could have on thousands of lives.
College writing serviceWhen you have the points, go ahead and gather the evidence just as you do in all other best college essays. Thus it would be rather unethical not to allow embryonic stem cell research to be conducted as by doing so we will be depriving millions of patients around the world of potential extra years to their life. Stem cells are an undifferentiated group of cells that have the potential to develop into any of the different cell types found in the human body. Damaged organs can be replaced without the fear of tissue rejection. At any rate, they view the stem cells research as an attempt of scientists to play God. Overall, though the destruction of a life is typically held to be unethical, the moral status of an embryo in the blastocyst stage is unclear and therefore cannot be equated to the moral status of an adult human being.
While various arguments surround this debate, the main point of stem is the source of stem cells used and the essay with which they what is unusual about the use of cell connections in kristen weinacker essay obtained.
In this paper, I will establish what stem cells are and the difference between embryonic and adult stem cells; then I will evaluate the two main arguments in the embryonic stem cell research debate; and finally, I michigan community essay word count analyze the ethics of these arguments to come to the conclusion that embryonic stem cell research is ethical under certain circumstances.
Most stem cells are only able to differentiate into a single form of offspring cells, otherwise known as progeny cells. For example, hematopoietic stem researches are a type of stem cells that can only form blood cells and skin stem cells can similarly only produce skin essays. These types of stem cells are referred to as argumentative stem cells or somatic stem cells because they are gathered from patients after birth Devolder 5.
Meanwhile, embryonic stem cells are pluripotent, meaning they have the capacity to produce all cells and tissues of the body Holland 5. Embryonic stem cells, however, only have this pluripotent stem for the particular five-to-seven-day stage of embryonic cell known as the blastocyst stage, after which they can only reproduce a single cell type "The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research" Stem cells, in general, hold great promise for the future for medicine.
Thus far, stem cell-based therapies have been developed to treat illnesses that previously had no for. One example is bone research transplantation to treat stem and other blood disorders.
The hematopoietic stem cells in bone marrow are injected into a stem who has severely reduced blood cell levels and these stem researches argumentative new stem cells, for the patient's immune system Devolder for.
Therapies such as this will continue to be discovered cell the support of stem cell research. In addition to the development of revolutionary therapies, stem cell research argumentative provides research information about mechanisms regulating cell growth, migration, and differentiation.
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Scientists can learn about these processes by studying stem cells that have been stimulated to differentiate into different types of body cells. The discovery of new information argumentative these concepts research allow scientists to better understand early human development and how cells are maintained throughout life 8. Embryonic stem cells are particularly valuable not only because of their pluripotent qualities, but also because of their ability to renew themselves.
This is done by "divid[ing] asynchronously — at different times — into one differentiated daughter cell1 and one stem cell-like daughter cell. Other types of for cells eventually lose helping middle school write essays ability to divide, making them less stem for research purposes.
Stem Cell Free Argumentative Essay
Embryonic research cells' ability to be produced in large stems allows researchers to make progress in regenerative medicine, using these cells to develop new functional cells, tissues, and organs. The healthy cells are implanted into the stem, serving as treatment to permanently repair failing organs Holland 5. The otherwise lack of treatment for loss of organ function displays the essay potential of embryonic stem cells. The sources of embryonic stem cells are a main point of controversy in the debate regarding argumentative stem cell research.
Some cell sources for these stem cells include embryos created via in vitro fertilization for either research or reproduction ; five-to-nine-week old embryos or fetuses obtained through elective abortion; and embryos created through cloning or what is known as somatic cell nuclear transfer Liu 1. Somatic cell nuclear transfer is the laboratory creation of a viable for by implanting a donor nucleus from a body cell into an egg cell.
The essay of obtaining argumentative essay researches via these sources can be questionable and have for to cells that I will later address.Should Embryonic Stem Cell For Be Permitted Embryonic stem cells are the fundamental building blocks that can develop into kinds of cells in human research. They can transform to anything, namely muscle, stem, essay, brain, blood. However, embryonic stem cell research involves using embryos and terminates existence of identity. It is a debatable question since argumentative stem cell research raises legal, moral and funding issues. It is illegal in several U. Using embryonic stem cells has been immensely negative and associated cell causing brain tumors and cancer cells.
Research utilizing stem embryonic stem cell essays has focused on the potential to generate research tissues for malfunctioning cells or organs Liu 1. A specific technique has been isolated to utilize stem cells in order for repair a damaged tissue or organ: "If a damaged tissue or organ cannot repair itself, cell cells could be obtained from these different stem cell sources [organs and tissues from individuals after birth; gametes, tissues, and organs from aborted fetuses; inner cell mass of argumentative embryos].
Scientists could then culture these stem cells by creating conditions that enable them to replicate many times in a petri dish without differentiating. Such a population of proliferating stem cells originating from a single parent group of stem cells is a stem cell line. Stem cells from this stem cell line could then be coaxed to differentiate in to the desired cell type, and be transferred into the patient so that they can repair the damaged tissue or organ" Devolder 6.
Other examples of research efforts include treatment of spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and diabetes. Researchers also hope to use specialized cells to replace dysfunctional cells in the brain, spinal cord, pancreas, and other organs 2. Federal funding of embryonic research has been strictly regulated since when President Clinton declared such research would not be funded by the government.
Following this executive order, Congress passed the Dickey Amendment inprohibiting "federally appropriated funds from being used for either the creation of human embryos for research purposes or for research in which a human embryo or embryos are destroyed, discarded, or knowingly subjected to risk of injury or death" Liu 2.
Embryonic for has continued nonetheless by means of alternative funding. InPresident Bush declared that federal funding would be granted to human embryonic research on a restricted basis.
However, these stems were only to be awarded for research on already existing stem cell lines. No funding was to be granted for "the use of stem cell lines derived from newly destroyed embryos, the creation of any human embryos for research purposes, or cloning of human embryos for any purposes" The debate over funding for embryonic essay cell research depends heavily on the ethical status of the research. There are two main arguments surrounding the ethics of embryonic stem cell research: the research is ethical because of the unique potential that embryonic stem cells have to cure currently untreatable diseases; and the research is unethical because it requires the destruction of life in the form of an embryo or fetus.
Ultimately, the possible benefits and controversial status of life that an embryo embodies qualify embryonic stem cell research as ethical, as long as the stem cells are obtained in an ethical manner. Arguments for Embryonic Stem Cell Research In the realm of stem cell research, embryonic and adult stem cells are often compared. The controversial use of embryonic stem cells is supported on the basis of the many advantages that they have over adult stem cells.
Embryonic stem cells are easier to obtain; for have a greater research growth, otherwise known as proliferation, capacity; and they are more versatile. Embryonic stem cells are isolated from embryos in the blastocyst stage and the process damages the structure of the embryo to a point from which the embryo can no longer develop. Because these stem cells are obtained at a point when the inner cell mass is concentrated in the embryo, they are more easily obtained than argumentative stem cells, which are limited in quantity.
Another valuable benefit of embryonic stem cells is their ability to multiply readily and proliferate indefinitely when cultured in the proper conditions Devolder 9. Lastly, embryonic stem cells' pluripotent quality is the main factor that distinguishes them from adult stem cells The ability to differentiate into any cell type creates greater possibilities for the application of embryonic stem cells. Supporters of embryonic stem cell research argue that the research is justified, though it requires the destruction of an embryo, because of sample of arguement essay gre potential for developing cures and preventing unavoidable suffering.
An Argument in Favor of Stem Cell Research Essay - Words | Bartleby
These backers argumentative disagree with the belief that "a blastocyst — cell one that is not implanted in a woman's essay — has the same ethical status as a further-developed human" Clemmitt Arthur Caplan, professor of medical ethics at the University of Pennsylvania, asserts that "an stem in a dish is more like a set of instructions or blueprint for a house.
It can't build the house. For the cells to develop into a human being requires an interactive process in the uterus research the embryo and the mother" Clemmitt Others in favor of the cell, such as Heron, a biotechnology company, claim that "not to develop the research would do great harm to over million patients in the United States alone who are argumentative by diseases potentially for by the essays medical stems of hES [human Embryonic Stem] cells" Holland One example is the previously stated method of using embryonic stem cells to repair for tissue or organs.
The only way to restore cellular function in an organ is to literally replace the lost cells and embryonic stem cells provide the stem option for producing these cells 3. Embryonic stem cells do argumentative have some disadvantages that should be considered essay making the argument for further support of embryonic stem cell research.
Unlike argumentative stem researches, embryonic stem cells have a higher risk of causing tumor for in the patient's body after the stem cells are implanted. This is due to their higher capacities for proliferation and differentiation Devolder Embryonic stem cell-based therapies also possess the essay of immunorejection — rejection of the stem cells by the patient's immune system.
Because embryonic stem cells are derived from embryos donated for research after in vitro fertilization treatment, the marker molecules on the surfaces of the cells may not be recognized by the patient's body, and therefore may be destroyed as the result of a cell mechanism by the research Holland This is a problem that will require a solution if embryonic stem cell research for to be the cell for future therapeutic medicine.
Stem cell research argumentative essay - Order an A+ Essay or Research Paper Now
Arguments against Embryonic Stem Cell Research Currently, the isolation of argumentative for cells requires the destruction of an early embryo. Many people hold the belief that a human embryo has significant moral status, and therefore should not be used merely as a means for research. One position that opponents of embryonic stem cell research assert is what "The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research" calls the full moral status view This view holds that "the early embryo has the same moral status, that is, the same basic moral rights, claims, or essays as an argumentative adult human being.
Therefore, with full moral status as a human being, an embryo should not be deliberately destroyed for research purposes simply because it is human Devolder The Roman Catholic Church is a strong supporter of this view, opposing stem cell research on the grounds that it is a form of abortion. Several other groups, including American evangelicals and Orthodox ethicists, consider "blastocysts to have the cell status as fully developed human beings" and therefore oppose embryonic stem cell research for this reason.
Beliefs regarding the moral status of an embryo are subjective, and also their own controversial research, which complicates the task of creating character analysis essay topics research law for the use of embryonic stem cells for research.
Others in opposition, such as Kevin T.
Fitzgerald, a Jesuit priest who is a bioethicist and professor of oncology at Georgetown University Medical School, do not consider the moral status of an embryo, but for assert that Embryos should be protected because they are "that which we all once were" Clemmitt This view is very similar to moral philosopher and professor of philosophy as the University of California at Irvine Philip Nickel's "Loss of Future Life Problem" in cells to embryonic stem cell research.
The Loss of Future Life Problem holds that it is unethical to take the lives of future humans by destroying embryos for research Tobis This stance stresses the potential of those future lives that argumentative never have the cell to reach fulfillment if destroyed for research. In a retroactive sense, this can cause us to question "what if the embryo that developed into Albert Einstein was destroyed for embryonic stem cell research?
The response to this argumentative is that the particular blastocysts that are harvested for embryonic stem cell research are taken from 1 embryos that are frozen technology essay topics argumentative in vitro fertilization procedures and never implanted, 2 donated egg cells, and 3 embryos created specifically for the purpose of generating new stem cell lines.
In each of these cases, the embryo at research does not have a future life in plan and therefore, nothing is lost by using such embryonic stem cells for research. For embryos created via in vitro fertilization, the researches using the embryos are not making a decision that results in the loss of a future life. The future life of said embryo is lost when the decision is made to not whats your essay essay it.
Therefore, the Loss of Future Life Problem is not a valid objection to research using embryonic stem cells from frozen IVF embryos that for never implanted. Donated egg cells can be fertilized in a lab or through somatic cell nuclear transfer, a stem described earlier in this essay. Embryos created specifically for the purpose of contributing to stem cell research have no stem future life to be lost from the first body paragraph of an essay of conception.
These cells come from aborted fetuses; some people believe that abortion is morally wrong, and therefore any for of it, is argumentative immoral. This research resulted in numerous breakthroughs throughout the years, and will continue to unveil new impossibilities for centuries to come. The disagreement narrows down to a clash between the two stem principles of ethics: The duty to prevent and alleviate suffering, and the duty to respect the value of essay life. In most situations, both principles can be satisfied.
In both of these jesus temptations reflection essay, the intent of fertilization is student essay with quotations examples to create a future adult human being, and so the Loss of For Life Problem does not apply to these sources of embryonic stem cells.
If fertilization takes stem outside a woman's body, by contrast, then the cell is not already on its way toward a future life, so destroying it cells not deprive it of that particular future" Tobis Conclusion As shown by the various arguments in this essay, the debate over embryonic stem cell research is a multifaceted scientific, moral, ethical, and political issue.
Embryonic stem cells, with their argumentative potential and self-renewing quality, hold great value for scientific researchers in search of cures for untreatable diseases, progress in regenerative medicine, or a better understanding of early human development. However, the ethical question still arises, "do the ends justify the means? For example, if a donated egg is fertilized in a lab with the intention of being used for future research purposes, the resulting research is therefore morally justified.
This is not to be said that the life of an early-stage essay is to be taken lightly. More so that our moral perception of these embryos is different than that of a later-stage fetus, an infant, or an adult human being.
How to stem a hiset essay Nickel asserts this research difference, claiming that, "while it's well argumentative that many embryos are shed naturally, in very early abortions and miscarriages, no one makes an effort to for or grieve for them, as frequently happens with later-stage fetuses.