Hazards typical to your business, vulnerabilities of the building your business is located in, weather conditions, and topography are some things to consider while preparing an evacuation plan. Contact local emergency officials to ascertain dangers surrounding your workplace environment.
Plan Designate a person evacuation warden who has the authority to order an evacuation. Create a chain of command so that others are authorized to act in case the designated person is not available. Appoint at least one evacuation warden for every 20 workers. Also, determine who is responsible for providing an all-clear or return-to-work instruction. Train employees to perform rescue or medical duties during crisis.
Educate them about how to assist people with disabilities and those who do not speak English during an evacuation. You also may find it beneficial to coordinate the action plan with other employers when several employers share the worksite, although OSHA standards do not specifically require this.
Employees who may remain to shut down critical operations before evacuating Certain equipment and processes must be shut down in stages or over time. In other instances it is not possible or practical for equipment or certain process to be shut down under certain emergency situations. This condition, which is not unusual for certain large manufacturers operating complex processes, is not typical of small enterprises that normally can turn off equipment or utilities if necessary and evacuate.
Each employer must review their operation and determine whether total and immediate evacuation is possible for various types of emergencies. The preferred approach, and the one most often taken by small enterprises, is immediate evacuation of all their employees when the evacuation alarm is sounded.
If any employees will stay behind, the plan must describe in detail the procedures to be followed by these employees. Do you have a kitchen in your office? Are people using portable space heaters or personal fridges? Do wildfires threaten your location s each summer? Make sure you understand the threats and how they might find their way to your business. Forbid hot plates, in-office microwaves, and other cooking appliances. Thinking through different scenarios moves a fire from something no one imagines into the collective consciousness of your business.
Establish roles and responsibilities When a fire emerges and your business must evacuate, employees will look to their leaders for reassurance and guidance. Create a clear chain of command that states who has the authority to order an evacuation. Here are the main roles you should consider creating as part of your fire evacuation plan: Chief fire warden.
This employee has overall responsibility for a fire event, including planning and preparation. Assistant fire warden. This person should use the mass alert system to alert employees, call the fire department, and gather reports. Route guides. Keep it Simple This is a case where less detail is better. The faster and easier that someone can look at your map and find out what they need to know, the better.
Calm thinking goes out the window during a crisis, and the goal here is to save lives, so only the important elements need to be displayed.
For the map to provide instant clarity during a disasterous event, use simple black and white lines to show the architectural layout walls, doors, etc. Highlight important elements on the map exit points, fire extinguisher locations, etc in color. These important elements should be shown using both a simple graphic and a text label.A fire safety plan helps you identify routes through a plan or home in the event of a escape or other emergency. It outlines how people should escape a burning house or building or evacuate when a fire threatens the structure. You should also include items you'd want to take in the event of an evacuation and a meeting point business communication fire in the event you're separated.
Foust says he makes sure each of his employees knows what to do and where to go in case of emergency.
Other important elements. They need to be reliable, present, and able to react quickly. Designate an assembly area for employees to gather.
They might also be tasked with ensuring that fire doors are closed when exiting. Reacting to a fire can be very chaotic. All employees designated to assist in emergency evacuation procedures should be trained in the complete workplace layout and various alternative escape routes if the primary evacuation route becomes blocked. Confusion in the assembly areas can lead to delays in rescuing anyone trapped in the building, or unnecessary and dangerous search-and-rescue operations.
You can also use the drawing tools in a program like Microsoft Word or a drawing program like Photoshop. Employees designated to assist in emergencies should be made aware of employees with special needs who may require extra assistance during an evacuation , how to use the buddy system, and any hazardous areas to avoid during an emergency evacuation. Keep it Simple This is a case where less detail is better. Route guides play an important role in making sure that routes are clear and evacuation is orderly and calm. This may consist of sending employees home by normal means or providing them with transportation to an offsite location. Like this topic?
Educate them about how to assist people with disabilities and those who do not speak English during an evacuation. You can also show certain things such as eyewash stations, stairways that lead out of the building, and other safety stations that might be specific to your industry or business. Establish a method for accounting for non-employees such as suppliers and customers. Exit points. Clear signs should mark all the exit routes. Accounting for employees after an evacuation To ensure the fastest, most accurate accountability of your employees, you may want to consider including these steps in your emergency action plan : Designate assembly areas or areas, both inside and outside your workplace, where employees should gather after evacuating.
You should never go back into a burning building. Once you reach the assembly point, account for all workers, visitors and customers through a head count, roster, or checklist. Though natural disasters came out to be the top concern for employees in the survey, businesses did not reassess their safety plans after recent disasters like Hurricane Sandy. With no emergency plan in place, confusion, injury, and property damage is inevitable. These exit points need to be clear and accessible at all times.
This person should use the mass alert system to alert employees, call the fire department, and gather reports. Reacting to a fire can be very chaotic. Fire Administration confirmed that cooking was the leading cause of nonresidential building fires for the past 10 years.