Italics in the Sciences There are instances in scientific and technical writing where italics are necessary.
These instances may cross over into the realm of Arts writing, but most often they will be seen within the context of technical writing. There are three common instances where italics should be used. Words in a foreign language When you are writing a lab report or scientific paper and must include a term written in a foreign language, italics are key.
This is often seen in legal or medical papers in the form of Latin words. They appear quite often, and should be italicized to show readers they are in another language. Here is an example from a medical document: "Three pills are to be administered to the patient ante cibum. Introducing a term When a new term is introduced in a scientific essay, it is common practice to write the word in italics upon first use. When readers see a term in italics, they automatically know this is the first time the word has been used and should therefore pay attention to its meaning.
Physical quantities and mathematical constants When measures of quantity or a mathematical constant are written, they should be placed in italics. A mathematical constant is the letter used to represent a particular static mathematical standard such as: "When we measured the particle velocity, v, recorded in the experiment…" The "v" represents the constant in a mathematical equation and thus must be written in italics. List the full title as it is written on the source. Exceptions to this rule are for standardization of capitalization and subtitle punctuation.
Do not capitalize articles, prepositions, or conjunctions when they fall in the middle of a title. Separate a subtitle with a colon and a space. Websites and Italics Should you italicize websites like Google or Twitter? You will find different approaches to using italics for websites in documents. We do not italicize websites on Writers Write. The titles of these shorter pieces would be surrounded with double quotation marks.
In writing the titles of newspapers, do not italicize the word the, even when it is part of the title the New York Times , and do not italicize the name of the city in which the newspaper is published unless that name is part of the title: the Hartford Courant, but the London Times. Other titles that we would italicize include the following: Journals and Magazines: Time, U.
Nor do we italicize the titles of books of the Bible: Genesis, Revelation, 1 Corinthians. When an exclamation mark or question mark is part of a title, make sure that that mark is italicized along with the title, My favorite book is Where Have All the Flowers Gone?In general, the title thesis statement in literature a work is taken from writing style scientific paper title page of the publication. List the full title as it is written on the 1775. Exceptions to this rule are for standardization of capitalization and subtitle punctuation. Do not capitalize articles, prepositions, essay conjunctions when they fall in the middle of writer title. Separate a subtitle with a colon and a space. Italicize titles if the source is self-contained and independent.
Titles When including a title that can stand alone, it should be italicized in almost every instance. When in doubt, ask for help Should a time arise when you aren't sure whether to use italics, simply refer to this article to see if your situation falls into any of the categories listed above. Articles, essays, chapters, poems, webpages, songs, and speeches are placed in quotation marks.
Examples of these titles are films, novels, entire books, journals, and entire websites. If it does, use italics; if it doesn't, it's probably best to use standard font. Names of vehicles When mentioning any vehicle in your academic writing, whether it's the Titanic or Apollo 13, remember to italicize its name. This could be the title of a book, a story, a newspaper, or even your favorite television show. Still, some instructors insist on underlines probably because they went to school when italics were either technically difficult or practically unreadable.
Professors are often annoyed by the overuse of emphasis.
If it does, use italics; if it doesn't, it's probably best to use standard font. If you're still unsure, feel free to submit your document to our essay editors for a professional review. Shorter works that get quotation marks include chapter titles, television episode titles, chapter titles, short poems and short stories.
Physical quantities and mathematical constants When measures of quantity or a mathematical constant are written, they should be placed in italics. If the title mentioned is usually indicated by italics, use italics for the title within the title. This is often seen in legal or medical papers in the form of Latin words.
Italics do not include punctuation marks end marks or parentheses, for instance next to the words being italicized unless those punctuation marks are meant to be considered as part of what is being italicized: "Have you read Stephen King's Pet Semetary? In general, the title of a work is taken from the title page of the publication. The question mark is not italicize here. Professors are often annoyed by the overuse of emphasis.
The exception to this rule is the brand name of vehicles. If the title mentioned is usually indicated by italics, use italics for the title within the title. Entire Website:.