Other things build, develop, make fruitful, and give the capacity and means for happiness through trust and fellowship with God. This is the message of this Psalm. Now, what are those things? Negatively: Things to Avoid There are three things the man who is blessed must avoid. We never stand still! It warns us how man is prone to turn aside little by little and become more and more entangled in the web of sin. He is easily influenced by the way of the world in its attitudes and actions, for actions follow attitudes.
This is the kind of counsel that we must avoid. First, it means to be loose with reference to morals. It means immoral and without godly restraint or controls.
It also means ungodly, godless, or negative toward God, loose from God, without Him as an anchor or controlling factor. It refers to those who are guided and controlled by their own desires, emotions, impulses of the mind and flesh rather than by the Word and the Holy Spirit.
It connotes movement toward the formation of habits or patterns. Here we see patterns forming and becoming entrenched. From thinking like the world we begin to act like the world. Sin is the transgression of the Law. It is whatever misses the will of God for man doctrinally or morally. We are all sinners. We all miss the mark, and none of us are perfect nor will we ever be perfect in this life. This is why Christ had to die for our sin so we might have His righteousness.
Past Gallop poles which compared the churched and unchurched showed there was basically no difference in the way they lived their lives. Many people in the church today are comfortable with their religion; they are merely playing at church.
They are not advancing in their life with Christ, but are materialistic, earthly-oriented, living as earthdwellers and not sojourners. It means: a a seat, a place of sitting, or b an assembly where many are gathered together to sit and make deals or have close associations.
You are viewed as in a confederacy with them. It refers to one who is actively engaged in putting down the things of God and His Word. But please note that scoffing can occur by declaration of words or by declaration of a way of life that scorns the moral absolutes of Scripture and its way of life. From this retrogressive process, it is easy to see that people simply do not remain passive about God. Passivity toward God and His Word leads to activity in sin and finally to overt activity against God.
That is a law of life. How do people scoff at the Word of God? But there are other ways. We think we have better things to do with our time. In essence we scoff at the Word when we fail to obey it and order our lives accordingly cf. These verses pose a warning to us. They teach us how little by little we can step out of the place of blessedness and into the place of misery and cursing with horrible consequences.
First, we can begin to think with the viewpoint of the wicked. Compare Lot in Genesis f. He chose according to the viewpoint of the wicked. Then we can quite naturally begin to behave like sinners, acting more and more like the world. Compare Lot in Genesis Again compare Lot in Genesis ; Note how these three verses in Ephesians parallel Psalm Ephesians Psalm 17 This I say therefore, and affirm together with the Lord, that you walk no longer just as the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind, who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked, 18 being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God, because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart; Nor stand in the path of sinners, 19 and they, having become callous, have given themselves over to sensuality, for the practice of every kind of impurity with greediness.
Nor sit in the seat of scoffers! So, how can we avoid this? Psalm is our answer! I would emphasize how remarkable this is. Psalm 1 is an introductory Psalm, a kind of gateway to the rest, where all kinds of qualities are mentioned. Yet, this is the one quality which is of single importance. Because here is the root, everything else is the fruit, i.
This emphasis is borne out throughout Scripture cf. Luke ; The church is not a social club, a welfare organization, a religious or a ritualistic institution.
According to Scripture, everything in the church is to flow from and around this emphasis and activity. Its organization, its fellowship, its works, testimony, witness, and giving. This does not deny the ministry and work of the Holy Spirit or other valid functions of the church like music, but central to everything is the Word Jam. But it may also be taken as a strong contrast, i.
The Theological Word Book of the Old Testament points out this word may be used for that which a person wishes strongly to do or have. The Hebrew verb form of this noun is used several times of a man taking pleasure or finding delight in the woman he loves. The law, of course, refers to the Word of God.
This draws our attention to the doctrine of bibliology or the doctrines of revelation, inspiration, preservation, collection and canonization of the Bible, and illumination 2 Tim. If you are interested there is a thorough study on this subject entitled, Bibliology: The Doctrine of the Written Word available on the Biblical Studies Foundation web site at www. One of the reasons Scripture is a delight, like honey in the honey comb, is because it is truth.
It is accurate, reliable and actively powerful Ps. It is on his mind and in his heart at all times in every situation and area of life 2 Cor. It involves thinking about what Scripture means and how, when, and where it should be applied. Included with this would be reading, hearing, study, and memorizing so one can accurately think about Scripture and apply it.
Being like a tree is of course a metaphor, a picture. But what does this picture teach us? A tree portrays stability and the capacity to withstand the storms of life Jer. As it takes time to produce a huge sprawling oak, so it takes time to grow and mature in the Word.
But true spiritual strength comes from a long-term, established relationship with God in his Word Hebrew ff; 1 Pet. If a tree is a fruit tree, it gives fruit. If it is an oak, it gives shade. God has given us His Word that we might become fruitful trees in His service and in ministry to others. All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work.
Like taking wild trees growing in barren and desert-like conditions and carefully transplanting them in rich prepared soil by streams of water. There is very significant application we need to note here: Before we were saved we were in Adam, dead in sin, but God in His grace has transplanted us into Jesus Christ. With this new position also comes new provision and resources of life—the Holy Spirit and the Word—both of which are likened to streams of living water John ; Ps.
The passive voice is the voice of grace. But we must, in the practical application of this, personally respond to His plan. This means value choices! In New Testament terms this means: a daily time with the Lord Hebrew , and b weekly times of assembling together with other believers Hebrew The participle stresses continual action.
Our word P l G refers to canals or water courses provided for irrigation. By way of application, God has provided the inspired word, the canon of Scripture and gifted teachers of the Word. In Old Testament times there were the prophets and teaching priests; there was even a school of the prophets led by Elijah and Elisha. This is the type of happiness that the Psalter presents in the shape of the evergreen tree which resembles the life that was perfected through the virtue.
In regard to the first requirement, the author makes a few more specifications stressing on the three categories that correspond to these sinful styles of life34 which mark three different ways of alienation from God. Those who are part of the latter category and those who allow themselves to be influenced by the thoughts, passions,35 behaviour36 and counsel of those in that category are also similar to the idol worshipers.
These are the people who have doubted God, who have proven to be petty in respect to the things that happened in their lives, who do not fervently wait for things to come, who have allowed themselves to be tempted and have fallen because of the counsel of the ungodly.
Unlike the first category, which avoided any connection to the truth of God, the people in this second category are already full of vices; they have committed countless sins by continuously doing evil and refusing to do good. Their perseverance in 32 SF. When we commit sin, moreover, we multiply sin by teaching others to do what we have done. Robert C. Hill Boston: Liden, , 5. Teoforet of Cyrus considers that atheists, together with the idol worshipers can be included in the same category.
Old Testament Psalms , vol. It is important to underline the fact that some rabbis consider that the Hebrew term hattaim means sin rather than sinner cf. All these suggest that the sinner does not necessarily identify with the behaviour of the person who lacks morals, but it indicates that the sinner can be separated from his behaviour at one point. Thus, the interpretation proposed by Rabbi Chaim Dov Rabinowitz offers any sinner a chance to repent. Using the image of the two paths that life and death which set in front of man since his childhood, Saint Basil the Great warns us against taking the smooth and straight path that leads to perdition and on which one will find all those who wish to delight in many pleasures together with a wicked guide, an evil demon45 that draws to spiritual death the souls of the imprudent.
Thus, only those full of vices47 are deprived of the privilege of being considered truly blessed. The scornful live in an open conflict with the laws of God and implicitly with those who try to keep those laws.
The lack of consideration for and the ridicule of the holy ones are more serious offences than the others. There is a very interesting translation of this word in the Septuaginta: pestilence bearers, plagued or killers49 all these, understood from a spiritual perspective.
These meanings are assumed and used by the Fathers to underline the spiritual dimension of the psalmic text. Opting for the word plagued, Saint Basil the Great, emphasizes the ability of these people to spread their bad habits around them very fast: Those who are skilled in these matters say that the pestilence, when it touches one man or animal, is communicated to all those who are near at hand; for, the nature of the disease is such that all are infected with the sickness by one another.
Of some such kind are the workers of iniquity. Since one gives the 40 Saint Basil thinks that the psalmist has in mind the ephemeral life of man when he uses the term way which eariler or later would end.
Eusebius of Caesarea considers that these men are part of the category of those who deliberately fall over and over again in the same sins, even if they know what they should trully do. The negative intentions of these people are made evident by an interpretation given by the Romanian translators of the text. This term has a negative meaning because it indicates a group of people that came together to do a bad deed, a gang, a mob or a clan. This semantic option easily finds support in the patristic writings in which there are numerous exhortations about staying away from gatherings53 with evil purposes.
The qal perfect is used to express both an action which happened in the past and finished in the past and a past habit, based on previous experience, that is still continued in the present. Due to this and, implicitly, to the context in which this tense is used, many translators have chosen to use the present.
Under these circumstances, even if the verb had been used in the past, the completed action would not have implied a different behaviour than the one that was mentioned before. Considering the precaution of the Holy Fathers in regard to the fact that a human being can commit errors until the last moment of its life, Saint Basil the Great opts to express an action which happened in the past and affirms that Blessed, therefore, is the man who hath not walked in the counsel of the ungodly.
Notice the exactness of the wording, how each single word of the statement is fulfilled. But, he who has fulfilled what has fallen to his share and has closed his life with an end that cannot be gainsaid, that one is already safely proclaimed blessed. Thus, the verb to walk indicates the departure of man from God to sin; the verb to stand signifies the moment in which man is satisfied with the state in which he is in shortly after committing the sin, while the verb to sit underlines the persistence in doing the 50 ST.
Casiodoro considers appropriate to identify in the fallen Adam all the stages enumerated by Saint Augustin: Adam departed when he forsook the Lord's command, stood when he took delight in sin, that is when as lord of Paradise he was gulled into believing that he would obtain knowledge of good and evil, and he sat in the chair of pestilence when he left to posterity the precedents of wicked teaching.
Some considered that this pious man might be Noah;60 others think that it might be Abraham or one of the patriarchs. However, the King only matched the description during the life of priest Jehoiada. Most of the Psalms written were made to be sung. There are two main genres of Psalms, which are laments and hymns. David is know to have written 73 psalms, Asaph wrote 12, the sons of Korah wrote 11, Solomon wrote 2, Moses wrote 1 and 50 are anonymous.
Although 50 were anonymous, David was certainly the author of the majority of the Psalms. NRSTV Psalm However, while within the first line it does acknowledge that the ancient Israelites acknowledged the existence of other gods, later on, their specific god is seen as being angered by the other gods seeing them as unjust But, in the Bible, there are certain passages that present the nature of God to man.
In Psalm the psalmist, David, clearly presents three of the attributes in the nature of God, His omniscience, His omnipresent, and His omnipotence. The first attribute presented in Psalm is omniscience. Throughout the Psalm, David is constantly reminding the reader that God is omniscient And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.
And all went to be taxed everyone into his own city. And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David to be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child, and while they were there, it was time for her to delivered the child, and she delivered her first born in a manger who is called Jesus of Nazareth Luke Domenico Scarlatti - A comparison of two major Baroque composers: Claudio Monteverdi and Domenico Scarlatti The purpose of this paper is to analyze two psalms by Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi and Giovanni Domenico Scarlatti and compare and contrast the two pieces to find out how music changed throughout the Baroque period.
While historians grouped music of the Baroque period together based on certain characteristics, the music did not remain the same throughout the period, as it would not for any other musical time period When 60 minutes first interviewed with Donald Trump and his new running mate, Mike Pence, interviewer Leslie Stahl contrasted the difference between the two, saying Trump was brash and Pence was quiet and religious.
Longfellow is not given the appreciation he deserves. Many of the works we have read have dealt with familial relationships, cultural heritage, and the passing down of culture from one generation to the next.
In both stories, the families are loving, and their members care for one another Christians believe that it brings them closer to God spiritually because at church everyone sings the same song, giving a sense of unity in God.
People come to sing together as part of worship in order to give honour to God, praising God with a greater voice than they would as individuals Christian influence allowed for nations to be born and gave for a new wave of governance throughout the region. However, this influence did not retain itself to both theological and sociopolitical concepts. The influence of Christianity and Christian works was integrated into art and architecture during this time period, which greatly reflected the culture of Medieval and Renaissance Europe I feel that the churches need to have communion each Sunday and families need to sit down daily for a meal.
These meals are important for the strengthening of bonds in the churches and family. It is the time when they can reminisce about the past and prepare for the future. I know for a fact that the fellowship of Communion is one thing that Christians cannot receive from television or radio and McDonald cannot serve up the fellowship a family receives as they sit around the table for a daily meal They are one, but they each have a different role. Our purpose will be derived from God.
We will accept our value or meaning as that which the Creator has placed upon us. If we accept the notion of evolution, we must recognise that the only norms which may make any claim upon us are our own. Then, our sense of purpose must be founded in ourselves, our own desires and ambitions, and our value is purely subjective; no more than we are valued as productive or desirable It places demands on us that set us apart from the rest of our world.
The bible calls us a peculiar people, who navigate the challenge of living IN the world, without being OF the world. But we persevere, and we press toward that invisible line the Apostle Paul drew in the sands of time…for the high calling in Christ Jesus Amazingly, God's "not guilty" verdict does not relate to just one crime, but to every sin the justified man has ever committed or will commit. Paul declares that we have no penalty to pay for sin, which includes past, present or future sins that we may commit.
She lived through the yeas of depression and WW II. When she died at age 67 she had no fillings in her mout. She brushed her teeth with aches and lemon juice.
She was our most loved grandma - she was not considered a dwarf because she was just 2 inches too tall. She never learned how to drive a vehicle, but she believed my Grandpa was the King of the road, whilst in thruth he was more like a driver who was looking for a spot to have an accident to happen I am talking about the uniqueness and his personality that we all take part of everyday of our lives or in relationship with him. Throughout history God has left hidden jewels in the Bible of who he truly is.
On the other hand, the bibles list few attributes of who he is, but as always its incomplete and we have to seek him for his very attributes in nature. Sovereignty: The meaning of this word is supreme power or authority over everything But what are they really. Do they have a deeper meaning. Or are they simply animals that walked the earth. Both of these creatures appear in the book of Job. The Leviathan is also found in other places throughout the Bible in Psalm, Revelation, Isaiah and even sources of mythology.
However, the Behemoth is only found in Job These creatures have puzzled Christians for a number of years, and due to their air of mystery, a lot of self-interpretation goes along with these creatures Hippocrates characterizes melancholia as fears and despondencies. There are early records of depression reported around the time of AD Who discovered.
The first psychiatrist to discover diease and was able define the process of a treatment to it was Dr. John Cade. He employed lithium in the treatment of depression. Depression has become a global issue. In accordance to Medscape Log in MDD is the second leading cause of disability worldwide and a major contributor to the burden of suicide Brooks
It declares the blessedness of the righteous and the misery and future of the wicked. By turning to God and His infinite Word Isaiah Again compare Lot in Genesis ; Psalm is the longest of all the Psalms and is very repetitive. In the original Hebrew text, this contrast is strongly emphasized by the lack of a connective between these sections called asyndeton, and by the word order.
Considering the precaution of the Holy Fathers in regard to the fact that a human being can commit errors until the last moment of its life, Saint Basil the Great opts to express an action which happened in the past and affirms that Blessed, therefore, is the man who hath not walked in the counsel of the ungodly. Sovereignty: The meaning of this word is supreme power or authority over everything Neither of the psalms have a title which suggests that the pair act as a "title" for the entire Psalms Christians believe that it brings them closer to God spiritually because at church everyone sings the same song, giving a sense of unity in God.
While eating lunch, my wife and I occasionally listen to a well-known talk show host who takes questions from those who call in for counsel with their perplexing moral dilemmas. With vain, especially against God, comes boundless foolishness in this Psalm3. Psalm Hymns A.
Discussion will also centre on the impact this scripture has on me personally and how I apply it to my daily life. It is fear in our lives that keeps us from accomplishing or even trying to accomplish many things in our lives. Psalm He cherishes us and and wants us to respect ourselves so that we can love Him. This is an attempt by the author to show the people it was only a matter of time before something like this happened. Job, dates from the tenth century B,C and has a philosophical and theological reflection on why the righteous suffer.
I know for a fact that the fellowship of Communion is one thing that Christians cannot receive from television or radio and McDonald cannot serve up the fellowship a family receives as they sit around the table for a daily meal In the Bible, important persons blessed those with less power or influence. But why? He has made it clear that "Sinners won't have an excuse on the day of judgment, and they won't have a place with the people of God.