Gather the evidence collected and think about how each one works together to create the work as a whole or how these elements contribute to or complicate larger issues such as theme, setting, characterization. This means asking why and how: Why is an author using a particular metaphor, tone, diction, etc. How are they all related to one another? How do they help us understand the larger work?
The steps listed above are a pre-writing exercise, designed to help you identify a potential thesis. Once you have formulated a thesis about how to read a larger work, you can use the smaller significant elements as evidence. This evidence will then need to be analyzed in order to support that thesis. Serious literary critics study their primary materials very closely and repeatedly, examine the contexts in which the works they are studying were produced, and read widely in the work of other literary critics on their subject before producing their own original analysis of a work or works of literature.
Generally, literary criticism is published in one of three forms: in a book; in an article published in a professional journal, whether print-based or online; or in an article published in a book as part of a collection. These formats insure that experts in the appropriate field s have reviewed the literary criticism and judged its accuracy in points of fact, its attention to scholarship in the field, etc. These formats are peer-reviewed sources also known as "refereed sources". Peer-reviewed means that a source has been rigorously scrutinized by other experts before publication.
Why consult and cite literary criticism? Reading a variety of views increases your knowledge of your subject and helps you to demonstrate to your reader that you have considered views other than your own.
Citing literary critics whose views agree with yours can strengthen your case although you must still supply the appropriate evidence. Taking issue with a critic with whom you disagree can also strengthen your case if you present your counterargument effectively. Literary criticism can enable you and your readers to see how evaluations and analyses of literature have changed over time. Where do I find literary criticism? Some websites post serious scholarship, but many are run by fans or students who may or may not know more than you do!
Wikipedia, for example, is not a peer-reviewed source; any one can post and update information on this site and, as a result, it is not a reliable resource. Internet material must have been published in a book or journal before being placed online. Recall your library workshop. This information can be useful to provide background for your research, but you should not use it in your paper as one of the documented sources.
The MLA Bibliography database is the primary research database for researchers in literature. The goal of a formal analysis is to create meaning by exploring how these elements work together in any given text. You can compare parts of a text or you can analyze how parts of a text relate to the whole text. The "Works Cited" page lists all works you cite in the essay, the "Bibliography" lists all the works you consulted, including all of those cited.
You should always note your professor's requirements as to minimum number of sources. You may also consult dianahacker. Gardner writes in Writing About Literature, "Essentially, and introduction accomplishes two things. First, it gives a sense of both your topic and your approach to that topic, which is why it is common to make your thesis statement a part of the introduction.
Second, an introduction compels your readers' interest and makes them want to read on and find out what your paper has to say. Some common strategies used in effective introductions are to begin with a probing rhetorical question, a vivid description, or an intriguing quotation. Weak introductions tend to speak in generalities or in philosophical ideas that are only tangentially related to the real topic of your paper.
Don't spin your wheels: get specific and get to the point right away. Imagine riding in an elevator with someone you'd like to strike up a conversation with about a specific topic. How do you do it? How do you catch that person's attention before the ride is up? You can't just immediately throw your claims and evidence at that person, yet at the same time, he or she is unlikely to be compelled by vague general statements about "the history of time" or where and when a certain person was born.
And you can't stand there all day getting to the point. Instead, you look for compelling point of interest that is both related to where you'd like to go with your discussion, and is of shared interest between you and that person.
After raising the topic through this point of common ground, you can then put forth what you will claim about it. Evidence: Provides the textual support for the claim. Begin by writing one of your main ideas as the introductory sentence.
Next, write each of your supporting ideas in sentence format, but leave three or four lines between each point to come back and give detailed examples to back up your position.
Write the introduction Now that you have developed your thesis and the overall body of your essay, you must write an introduction. Begin with an attention grabber.
You can use shocking information, dialogue, a story, a quote, or a simple summary of your topic. Whichever angle you choose, make sure that it ties in with your thesis statement, which will be included as the last sentence of your introduction.
Write the conclusion. The conclusion brings closure of the topic and sums up your overall ideas while providing a final perspective on your topic. Your conclusion should consist of three to five strong sentences. Your strongest points should be the first and last paragraphs within the body, with the others falling in the middle.
Also, make sure that your paragraph order makes sense. If your essay is describing a process, such as how to make a great chocolate cake, make sure that your paragraphs fall in the correct order. Your fingernails are non-existent. Yes the exam environment may be different across disciplines.
Computing students will sit some tests in front of a computer with their fingers poised to code. How to Answer Exam Questions Pay attention! These quick tips should be common sense but many students who are under exam stress fail to see their mistakes. Practice Past Papers There really is no better way to get exam ready than by attempting past papers. How to avoid sleep while studying? Follow these top 10 tips 6. Doing this decorative work is nowhere going to gain you any extra marks but will definitely take away that precious time which you could have used in thinking and writing the answers to questions that you left for the end.
Use only two pens; a blue pen for writing the text and black for headings. While drawing diagrams, you must always use a pencil. It would keep your answer sheet simple and would give you time to write more as well. Top 8 mistakes a student should avoid in examination hall 7. Space out each word Make sure your words are properly spaced out. Examinar will find it difficult to read such overlapped words.
This may cause a fall in your grades. Your paper should look neat and clean. The truth is, just like it is one thing to write in Portuguese and another to write well in Portuguese, the same applies to writing well in English. Furthermore, not every native English speaker who writes well in English can write well for the scientific literature.
Scientific English writing has its own style and rhythm, such as the use of passive voice. Passive voice is considered poor English in most forms of writing news, novels, blogs, etc.
Narrow your focus if necessary.
You will be doing preliminary research to find your topic and thesis. If not, change it. Reread your paper and check to see if it makes sense. List them in your outline in the order in which they occur. When it comes to you to choose the questions you want to attempt, give a careful reading to each question at least twice and then create a mental picture of what you have to write in each case. For example, "Elgin Slapworthy has observed that 'Dickens remembered this period in his boyhood as both painful and humiliating' "
Paintbrushes, apples, pitchforks, rafts, six-shooters, watches, automobiles, horses and buggies, and innumerable other items belong to the setting. First, it gives a sense of both your topic and your approach to that topic, which is why it is common to make your thesis statement a part of the introduction. Many times while tallying the answers, we come across the silly mistakes which would have been left unaltered if were not checked. Read All Questions Carefully The stress of the situation can cause you to misread a question, plan your answer out, start writing your response and then realise you made a mistake and wasted vital time.
Gardner points out in Writing About Literature, "Your conclusion should give your reader something new to think about, a reason not to just forget your essay. Check what you have written. You will be surprised what you can spot in those last few minutes. So, students must utilise these 15 minutes very carefully to make a strategy for writing their exam smoothly and correctly. Look through your opening paragraph for hints that you can now develop in closing.
If you know the answer, then write it. Make your original and specific take on the issue clear to the reader. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. This may cause a fall in your grades. Take notes.
The paper does not receive a letter grade, just a "pass" or "fail. You can use secondary sources for this assignment as well. Reviewing and revising your paper is the process of reading your draft and making any changes to the content you see fit.
This entry was posted in Exam Tips and tagged exam tips , exams.
Why is this juxtaposition important for the narrative more broadly? Gather the evidence collected and think about how each one works together to create the work as a whole or how these elements contribute to or complicate larger issues such as theme, setting, characterization. This does not count in the four pages and must be handed in with the poem. A strong conclusion give an A grade student the chance to shine by bringing everything together and fortifying their opinion. Always do your best work, and don't assume that you can neglect any aspect of your essay. This happens because of haste.
The first task involves dissecting a passage or phrase by analyzing literary elements that stick out. Actually, it is a well observed fact that students generally become nervous and anxious while sitting in the examination hall. Use either an outline or a diagram to jot down your ideas and organize them.
The steps listed above are a pre-writing exercise, designed to help you identify a potential thesis. Manage Your Time This is where you need to be strict on yourself. The goal of a formal analysis is to create meaning by exploring how these elements work together in any given text. Some websites post serious scholarship, but many are run by fans or students who may or may not know more than you do! You may also consult dianahacker. This will help you gain confidence and will also help you spare enough time to think about the answers of other questions which are a bit blur in your mind.