It may be worth taking this opportunity to tie your argument to a larger context, such as relating your central theme to a particular group in society or even a global concept. McIntosh used this tactic in his conclusion by pitting America's capitalist society against his theory.
You might also want to discuss the implications of your findings for the future of the topic at hand. Is there action that can be taken now? Is there need for further investigation? Are there any consequences to consider?
What Not to Do While you do need to refer back to your essay or report, don't just provide a bland summary. Think of the conclusion more as an opportunity to end with a flourish.
Spend some time on this last paragraph. You want the reader to finish your essay and think, "Wow. I never considered that," or, "I'm going to remember that. Turn the essay toward them if you can by asking a question or tying your idea to current society. Also, hold true to what you've just expressed in your writing. Some might feel tempted to say things like, "This is merely one opinion…" In that single line, you've just undercut everything you worked so hard to draw together. Remember to stand behind the case you just made.
Be proud of it and end on the highest note possible. Example of Conclusions What do you say we conclude with some examples of conclusions? As you review these, take note of the manner in which the writer tied their ideas together, made a call to the reader, or left off with some compelling food for thought. Scientific Paper In this research paper, the author summarizes her main findings while also supporting the conclusions she's drawn.
In an effort to fully engage the reader in her area of study, she proposes suggestions for future research. This was her way of leaving the readers wanting more. Hacker, Diana. Together, the stimulation-induced regularization of neuronal output patterns are thought to prevent transmission of pathologic bursting and oscillatory activity within the basal ganglia thalamocortical network, thereby enabling compensatory mechanisms that facilitate normal movements. This theory, however, does not entirely explain why therapeutic latencies differ between motor symptoms and why after turning off a DBS system the reemergence of motor symptoms differs among patients.
Understanding these processes on a physiological level will be critically important if we are to reach the full potential of DBS as a surgical therapy and will in turn undoubtedly lead us to technological and clinical advancements in the treatment of other neurological disorders.
Situation 2: Critique in Conclusion of Paper — there are two organizational patterns 1 — The first paragraph is summary, second paragraph is critique, third paragraph is recommendations note: second paragraph is more properly understood as a functional section as you may need more than one paragraph!
Conclusions In summary, during the normal ageing process, animals experience age-related cognitive decline. Historically, it was thought that primary contributions to the aetiology of this decline were massive cell loss 1 and deterioration of dendritic branching 17, However, we now know that the changes occurring during normal ageing are more subtle and selective than was once believed.
Of the brain regions affected by ageing, the hippocampus and the PFC seem to be particularly vulnerable, but even within and between these regions the impact of ageing on neuronal function can differ. The morphology of neurons in the PFC is more susceptible to age-related change, as these cells show a decrease in dendritic branching in rats 30, 31 and humans 32, There is also evidence of a small but significant decline in cell number in area 8A of monkeys that is correlated with working memory impairments An introduction orients the reader to the problem at hand.
Relate the problem to a theory. Explain how and why this research is important. How much information should you give up front? Are you demonstrating an understanding of the issues? How do you know if you are doing too much or not enough? Are you taking too broad an approach? Are you taking too narrow an approach? You want to assume the reader knows something about the field, but do not assume the reader is an expert. Checklist for prewriting and revising introductions to scientific papers, Ask yourself: What am I trying to discover or prove?
Which kind of problem am I working on? Why is this problem new or distinctive? Hacker, Diana. Rules for Writers. Explanation In most ecosystems, the supply of nitrogen is the most limiting factor to plant growth.
The author's enthusiasm for the topic is obvious throughout the book. It accomplishes this by stepping back from the specifics in order to view the bigger picture of the document. Situation 2: Critique in Conclusion of Paper — there are two organizational patterns 1 — The first paragraph is summary, second paragraph is critique, third paragraph is recommendations note: second paragraph is more properly understood as a functional section as you may need more than one paragraph! Ending with a rephrased thesis statement without any substantive changes. How many resources? Some might feel tempted to say things like, "This is merely one opinion…" In that single line, you've just undercut everything you worked so hard to draw together.
Think of the main points as puzzle pieces, and the conclusion is where they all fit together to create a bigger picture. It is also where the writer can raise questions, discuss ambiguous data, and recommend places for further research. Importance of a Good Conclusion A well-written conclusion provides you with important opportunities to demonstrate to the reader your understanding of the research problem. You might also want to discuss the implications of your findings for the future of the topic at hand.
What are the major relationships, trends and patterns? In the conclusion she refers back to the blue armchair and that cozy world but also looks forward to finding her niche. Failure to provide a clear summary of what was learned In order to be able to discuss how your research fits back into your field of study [and possibly the world at large], you need to summarize briefly and succinctly how it contributes to new knowledge or a new understanding about the research problem. An Easy Checklist for Writing a Conclusion Is the thesis of the paper accurately restated here but not repeated verbatim? Douglass, Frederick. Explanation In most ecosystems, the supply of nitrogen is the most limiting factor to plant growth.
Assan, Joseph. The conclusion is not the place for details about your methodology or results. Explain how and why this research is important. Point to broader implications.