So the went to Tartarus the Greek equivalent of hell. When they were the set the Cyclopes free, in return the Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades all got magical items. Some poets write that there are two divisions of the Underworld, Tartarus and Erebus. Hades or Pluto is the God of the Underworld. The gate to the Underworld is guarded by Cerberus which is a "three-headed, dragon tailed dog.
After that, there are three judges that decide if the spirit goes to "everlasting torment" or goes to a place of blessedness called Is Education The Key For a Decent Living? Receiving a college degree to ensure that you will be able to make a good living and be able to provide for yourself as well as your family is what goes with your degree.
A well known example of such a person is Odysseus from Homer's "Odyssey". Odysseus is idolized for his few heroic deeds during the Trojan War and his journey home to Ithaca. He is often thought of as a hero, but, as he is human and therefore subject to human weakness and fault, is not a true hero athough some of his deeds were heroic. Odysseus also possessed the neccessary qualities and skills needed for him to succeed. Favored by the gods, and a great man of war, Odysseus was a man to be looked upon with respect.
After the war between the Trojans and Greeks had finally ceased, it was time for Odysseus and his men to return home, yet fate held another plan. Athena turned against the Greeks and convinces Poseidon to do the same.
The Greeks are hit by storms on the way home and many ships are destroyed and the fleet is scattered. The war and his distress at sea keep Odysseus away from Ithaca for twenty years. A long narrative poem about a legendary hero. The story of Odysseus and Agamemnon has striking similarities, not meeting until one point, where the stories barely brush up against each other. But that small window of meeting shows an entire other story which has already been told, with a different set of names, places and problems.
Homer created these character parallels as a way to explain things, to say things twice, to really help us understand. He struggled through many hardships and lost many loyal companions. The King of Ithaca would not have made it home without the assistance of the Greek gods.
Odysseus is a great example of an epic hero. He is smart, strong, and protected by gods and goddesses, but he does have faults in his actions considering he is only just a mortal. The protagonist of the epic poem Odysseus is often regarded as a great hero.
However, Odysseus is not quite the glorious soldier that people often see him as. Odysseus disproves his title of a hero through his pride, his disloyalty, and his bloodthirstiness. Bastyr English 1 The Good and Bad of Odysseus When people think of a hero, they think of a tall, handsome, loyal, brave, and a type of man that could do no wrong.
Odysseus consists of positive and negative characteristics that is shown in the text by Homer. Odysseus faces many encounters and conflicts that delay his return home only to face another challenge; His home coming. Odysseus is presented with similar challenges of coming home that soldiers fighting the wars of today must deal with.
This challenge being, can a solider ever truly return home after war, and will they recognize their family or will their family be able to recognize them? Odysseus in The Odyssey, by Homer, fulfilled these requirements and rightfully earned the title of a hero. Like Eratosthenes, he also assumes that a historical Odysseus made a real voyage in the western Mediterranean as do most popular localizers and some Homerists.
A more nuanced version of the geographical approach is provided by modern postcolonial studies of the Homeric epic Since the Odyssey was composed in the age of Greek colonization of the West, it may present a mythologized portrayal of this historical context.
That need not entail making exact identification of locales in the wanderings. But as we shall see, some localizers consider Greek expansion in the western Mediterranean to be foundational for the Homeric concept of the Underworld. Hillis , , p. Ogden, op. Homeric meaning is not the same as Homeric origins or reception. The Odyssey explicitly speaks of Odysseus traveling to the edge of the earth and otherwise references Thesprotia as a known part of northwest Greece The poem probably does not expect its audience to regard one locale as both geographically identifiable and fantastic See S.
Danek, Ibid. Many believe that the wanderings of Odysseus are based on the voyage of the Argo in the Black Sea 35 , and there is also a Cretan hypothesis, according to which the real-world lying tales of Odysseus resemble an original or competing version of the wanderings But the question remains whether pre-Homeric material has a presence with narratological significance in the Odyssey.
Opinion varies about the allusive resonance of vestigial pre-Homeric material in the Odyssey. The Homeric poem may acknowledge or disown its background — if it is even aware of it It is a trope of the genre for the localizer to travel with a text of the Odyssey open in hand. The distinction between a historical and a fictionalized journey of Odysseus is not always made.
Where the Homeric text is not forthcoming with information, the localizer seeks to explain, often with the rhetoric of discovery, what Homer really meant. Key textual evidence for popular localizers includes direction of wind, duration of travel between landings, and description of topographical features. The geographer believed that Homeric locations could be found in Sicily and Italy, and he portrayed these as stops on a continuous, coherent journey. In this P. Phillips, op. Malkin, op. Topography is central to P.
Less realistically, P. Why the Homeric text transforms the Italian location into Oceanus, his concise Latin does not articulate. But P. To be fair, P. He is aware, for example, of the legend whereby Aeneas and Odysseus travel to Italy together 43 , and he is certain that Aeneas visited Avernus in traditions long before Vergil. All this is commendable, excepting the under-theorized linkage of Avernus to the Homeric Underworld.
He knows his classical literature, and he is also informed on localization theories. But he complains that P. If Homer visited the area, F. He is not willing to concede that Avernus on the Italian peninsula could correspond to a mythological river surrounding the earth, even through hyperbole.
Wolf, op. It is relevant that F. Voss, which becomes increasingly conceptual at the periphery of the Mediterranean world The localization books ar For the Underworld V. He ends up losing six men. Odysseus and his men stop at the Isle of Helios, where his men disobey the gods and have their ship destroyed.
Only Odysseus himself survives and drifts towards the Island of Calypso, a nymph he has a seven-year long affair with. He meets the Phaeacians on his way and explains his journey to them.
They take him on their magical ship back to Ithaca.Speech on The Underworld in Writer Mythology - Speech on Essay Underworld in Underworld Mythology The Underworld, better odysseus as Hades after the god who ruled it, was a dark and dreary place where the writer, or souls, of those who died lived. In the next few minutes, I will tell you about essay one came to die, the topography underworld the Underworld, and the beings whom dwelled odysseus. Your whole life was planned and plotted by the Fates. The Fates were the three goddesses who controlled the destiny of everyone from the time they were born to the the they died The ancient Greeks while trying journey further explain the world, invented beguiling myths Evie. From these myths a world of human like journey and fletcher munson curve essay writer the formed Evie.
Heubeck, op. He is told at his departure to find the prophet Teiresias in the Underworld, who he eventually meets and who warns Odysseus of the problems he might face at his return to Ithaca. The Greeks are hit by storms on the way home and many ships are destroyed and the fleet is scattered. Many join clubs, study groups, and even fraternities.
The distinction between a historical and a fictionalized journey of Odysseus is not always made. Odysseus is truly a heroic figure because he demonstrates courage, improves his character, and wins the support of the gods. Far more than just copying scenes and ideas, Virgil expands and alters these themes to better tell his story, unique from the Greek originals he is drawing from. An epic hero is a protagonist of a story that represents the most important attributes of a civilization. The idea of the underworld came from the Greeks and Romans. When Eumaeus, the loyal swineherd, and Odysseus are going into the city of Ithaca, they come across the goatherd Melanthius who insults and taunts them and tries to injure Odysseus.
Opinion varies about the allusive resonance of vestigial pre-Homeric material in the Odyssey. This point of view, both in Antiquity and in the modern world, tends to contain the unfortunate implication that myth and poetry are free of the taint of the real world. In this P. It is a trope of the genre for the localizer to travel with a text of the Odyssey open in hand. One might understand Telepylus to be somewhere on the western edge of the earth.
Diodorus Siculus V, An epic hero is defined as a character who possesses superhuman strength, craftiness, and confidence, is helped or harmed by the gods, and usually possesses a natural position of authority. See S. Many people argue that Odysseus is not hero but considering the things he does through his journey his characteristics began to show a little of his heroic side.
Odysseus also possessed the neccessary qualities and skills needed for him to succeed. He ends up losing six men. A man with so much hatred and anger should not be someone to hold to a high prestige, or want to be. Your whole life was planned and plotted by the Fates.