Besides probing into the natural wealth of the earth they probe into the secrets of army in other countries. The space programmes of India began with setting up of rocket launching station at Thumba, a village near Thiruvanathapuram in It has, now, seven associate centres, two at Ahmadabad, three at Bangalore, one at Sriharikota and one at Thiruvanathapuram.
They provided telecommunication facilities and were of a great help in radio and television network and weather monitoring. Since these four satellites were made by a US Communication Corporation India can hardly take full credit for their achievement.
The three satellites were launched by Soviet rocket carrier. They carried TV camera and microwave radiometer for studying and observing hydrology, snow melting, oceanography and forestry on the Earth.
In , India launched its first satellite, Aryabhata, and thus entered the space age. Over the last four and half decades, the Indian space programme has made impressive progress through a well integrated, self-reliant programme. Over the last four and half decades, the Indian space programme has made impressive progress through a well integrated, self:reliant programme. In fact, it offers this service to many other countries. This space satellite was named after Aryabhatt who was a great Indian astronomer and mathematician of the 5th century.
The satellite was launched with the help of a Soviet rocket. On 9 July , it was launched from Sriharikota in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The success of this mission brought recognition to the space programme of India. The panchromatic camera is designed to provide imageries with around one meter spatial resolution and a swath of 10 km. The satellite is configured to provide multi-scene imaging capability during a pass. It weighs kg and has a capacity of 64 GB. The satellite carries an advanced panchromatic camera that can take pictures with a spatial resolution of about one metre and can cover a land strip of 9.
Placed at a height of over kilometres, it can identify objects as small as a car. High- resolution data from this satellite will be invaluable in urban and rural development applications calling for large-scale mapping.
Space Applications: Indian space programme is recognised for its leading role in utilising the space systems for a variety of applications.
EDUSAT has multiple regional beams covering different parts of India—five Ku-band transponders with spot beams covering northern, north-eastern, eastern, southern and western regions of the country, a Ku-band transponder with its footprint covering the Indian mainland region and six C-band transponders with their footprints covering the entire country.
While pilot phase has continued, semi-operational and operational phase have been put into implementation during the year. EDUSAT is already providing a wide range of educational delivery modes like one-way TV broadcast, interactive TV, video conferencing, computer conferencing, web-based instructions, etc. Considering the specific needs of the blind people, an altogether different kind of broadcast network configuration delivering live audio and data which is read by blind person through its printed impression Braille was set up.
A general enrichment programme on higher education college sector is telecast on the national network. These programmes, provided by the University Grants Commission UGC , are a part of its countrywide classroom programme. GRAMSAT programme is an initiative to provide communication networks at the state level connecting the state capital to districts and blocks.
Indigenous capability for design and development of spacecraft and associated technologies for communications, resource survey and space sciences. The networks provide computer connectivity, data broadcasting, TV broadcasting facilities having applications like e-governance, National Resource Information System NRIS , development information, tele-conferencing, disaster management, telemedicine and distance education. On 9 July , it was launched from Sriharikota in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The space programme was formalised with the constitution of the Space Commission and the Department of Space DOS in to formulate and implement space policies in the country.
Survey and management of natural resources through remote sensing technology, environmental monitoring and meteorological forecasting. Some of the major application projects carried out during the year are highlighted in the following paragraphs. The scientists studied various aspects of moon and prepared a map of the moon. Design and development of launch vehicles with indigenous technology for access to space and orbiting INSAT, IRS spacecraft and space science missions. The success of this mission brought recognition to the space programme of India. While pilot phase has continued, semi-operational and operational phase have been put into implementation during the year.
You May Also like. With this end in view, the Department of Space has evolved the following programmes: i.
It weighs kg and has a capacity of 64 GB. As we have our own satellites we have not to depend upon other countries for space oriented telecommunications. In fact, it offers this service to many other countries. Incredible India — India in Space For the common man in this country space is associated with the name of Sq. The Indian Remote Sensing satellite system is one of the largest constellations of remote sensing satellites in operation in the world today.
Satellite television now covers over 65 per cent of the Indian land mass and over 90 per cent of the population.
A major project on Assessment and Monitoring salinity and waterlogged areas in major and medium commands in the country has been taken up on behalf of Central Water Commission CWC , New Delhi.
It weighted 38 kilograms. Mass communication and education via satellite. Alongside are 12 C-band 36 MHz bandwidth transponders with expanded coverage encompassing the Indian geographical boundary. As now both the satellites have been working together they cover the country every 12 days. On 20 November 1. The Antrix Corporation, a wholly Government owned company, which was established in , is engaged in commercial marketing of space products and services.
Some want at least their presence felt. The history of space programmes of the progressive countries has been a Chequered one.
The networks provide computer connectivity, data broadcasting, TV broadcasting facilities having applications like e-governance, National Resource Information System NRIS , development information, tele-conferencing, disaster management, telemedicine and distance education. It has, now, seven associate centres, two at Ahmadabad, three at Bangalore, one at Sriharikota and one at Thiruvanathapuram.
It is expected to boost VSAT services for banking and financial institutions, stock markets, fast moving consumer goods sector and medium to heavy engineering companies. One of the heaviest Indian satellites 3, kg , the INSAT-4B was placed in geostationary circular orbit at a height of 36, km above the equator.