The grants have emerged as high schools struggle to rein in booming teen use of the devices, sometimes threatening students with suspensions or installing alarms that can detect the devices' discreet vapor. Federal agencies have attempted to crack down on underage sales and are investigating marketing efforts by the brand Juul, which has become especially popular among teens.
Although some of the scholarships are limited to students 18 and older — the nation's legal age to buy vaping products — many are open to younger teens or have no age limit.
Most companies behind the essay contests did not return calls or declined interview requests. The San Francisco-based company, and other vape manufacturers, including Vuse, MarkTen XL, blu e-cigs, and Logic, are under scrutiny by the FDA for marketing and sales practices that seem aimed at teens and young adults, according to an announcement the FDA released on September While it's possible to buy liquid without nicotine for some e-cigarettes, it's not possible to do so with popular pod mod devices.
According to Juul's website—in a description that has since been taken down—a single Juulpod contains 40 mg of nicotine, which is similar to "the nicotine yield of a pack of cigarettes. But researchers explain that it's difficult to describe a single pod as a "serving.
A stubborn trend When potentially risky behaviors experience an uptick in popularity, health researchers are never far behind—gathering data. This year, Krishnan-Sarin and others found a direct link between students at public schools in Connecticut who said they'd used an e-cigarette in the past month and those who went on to smoke regular cigarettes.
Krishnan-Sarin points to progress that has been made—finally—in recent years to reduce regular cigarette smoking rates among young adults. In her opinion, the significant decline is due to the success of large-scale public health campaigns and a general awareness among youth that cigarettes are harmful to health.
She is concerned that most teens who vape with nicotine don't know the drug can be damaging to their development. In his imaging studies of adults who use e-cigarettes, Stephen Baldassarri, MD, an internist at Yale Medicine, has begun to gather information on the factors that influence nicotine delivery from e-cigarettes and whether vaping promotes cessation from conventional cigarette smoking.
Teens cannot participate in such studies, but "we all agree that e-cigs are not a good thing for youth and nonsmokers," Dr. Baldassarri says. How to talk to your kids Probably the worst thing a parent could do for their child would be to buy an e-cigarette under the misconception that this might prevent them from smoking regular cigarettes, Krishnan-Sarin says.
She encourages parents to talk openly and freely about vaping—with the caveat that they provide accurate information. Baldassarri suggests explaining the addictive nature of vaping, which would mess with the one thing teens crave the most: independence.
Patrick O'Connor, MD, Yale Medicine's chief of general internal medicine, who has dedicated his career to researching opioid and alcohol drug abuse, points to similarities between epidemic cigarette use in the s and 50s, and e-cigarette use now. Even as evidence accumulated on the link between lung cancer and cigarette use, doctors didn't always take time to talk to patients about those risks, he says.
The liquid is heated into a vapor, which the person inhales. That's why using e-cigarettes is called "vaping. Vaping puts nicotine into the body. Nicotine is highly addictive and can affect brain development.
Because vaping is new, we don't yet know how it affects the body over time. We do know that the nicotine in e-cigarettes: is very addictive can slow brain development in teens and affect memory, concentration, learning, self-control, attention, and mood can increase the risk of other types of addiction later in life E-cigarettes also: irritate and damage the lungs can lead to smoking cigarettes and other forms of tobacco use Some people use e-cigarettes to vape marijuana , THC oil, and other dangerous chemicals.
Besides irritating the lungs, these drugs also affect how someone thinks, acts, and feels. How Do E-Cigarettes Work? There are different kinds of e-cigarettes. But many people use the Juul. This e-cigarette looks like a flash drive and can be charged in a laptop's USB port.
It makes less smoke than other e-cigarettes, so some teens use them to vape at home and in school. The Juul's nicotine levels are similar to a cigarette's. Even if you don't vape every day, you can still get addicted. How quickly someone gets addicted varies. Some people get addicted even if they don't vape every day.
Most e-cigarettes do have nicotine. Even those that don't do have chemicals in them. These chemicals can irritate and damage the lungs.
Therefore, without praising or advertising e-cigarettes, it can still be stated that they are a more preferable alternative for smokers. The worrying part? These moral and ethical consequences of denormalisation have long stoked debate among those working in tobacco control research. They conclude: "It is therefore possible that E-cigarette smoke may contribute to lung and bladder cancer , as well as heart disease , in humans. One particular brand, called the Juul, a "pod mod" device, is worrying to addiction researchers. Credit: Yale University Teens today are more reluctant to smoke cigarettes than their counterparts nearly three decades ago, according to a study released this summer.
How to talk to your kids Probably the worst thing a parent could do for their child would be to buy an e-cigarette under the misconception that this might prevent them from smoking regular cigarettes, Krishnan-Sarin says.