Capitalize formal titles only when they're used right before a name: Mayor Joe Smith or Mayor Smith; the mayor said not the Mayor said. Capitalize brand names and names of corporations. Spell out an acronym the first time you use it; for example, if you are talking about the United Nations, say so the first time and then refer to it as the U. Use numerals for the date May 3, not May 3rd and a comma between the day and year.
If you're using just a month and year, spell out the month. For times, use numerals unless you are referring to noon or midnight. If a time is on the hour, don't use , just say 11 a. Don't capitalize a. Here are some of the most basic and commonly used AP style points. Numbers One through nine is generally spelled out, while 10 and above are generally written as numerals.
Example: He carried five books for 12 blocks. Ages Ages are always expressed as numerals. Example: He is 5 years old. Street, Avenue, and Boulevard are abbreviated when used with a numbered address but otherwise are spelled out. Route and Road are never abbreviated.
Example: He lives at Main St. His house is on Main Street. Her house in on Elm Road. Dates Dates are expressed as numerals. Speed: 8 mph. Temperatures: 2 degrees. Times: 4 p. Notice that AP style does not include a colon and two zeroes when referring to an even hour. Punctuation and Miscellaneous For the most part, AP style follows the same rules of punctuation taught in grade school.
Include a semicolon before the conjunction: "Parts for the carrier are made in Tampa, Fla. On subsequent references, use only his or her last name with no title.
Second and following references to a married couple should refer to them as Mr. And Mrs. Oakes will honeymoon in Las Vegas. Time should be expressed as a figure followed by a. Use "noon" or "midnight" rather than 12 p. Article Table of Contents Skip to section Expand.
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Whether to use anonymous sources, how to incorporate graphics and photos and what are considered conflicts of interest are just a few questions covered; many media outlets besides the AP consider these rules the generally accepted standard. Example: He lives at Main St. Do not use quote marks with reference books or the names of newspapers or magazines. In most cases, however, the stylebook suggests using a generic reference such as "the agency" or "the alliance" for all references after the first. The contest is for year-olds.
AP style also aims to avoid stereotypes and unintentionally offensive language. When the name of a city and state are used together, the name of the state should be abbreviated except for Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, Texas and Utah. It can be purchased at most bookstores or online. NOTE: Never underline titles of books or publications. For ordinal numbers, spell out first through ninth and use figures for 10th and above when describing order in time or location. AP style is simply a standardized way of writing everything from dates to street addresses to job titles.
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AP style is simply a standardized way of writing everything from dates to street addresses to job titles. Do not use quote marks with reference books or the names of newspapers or magazines. Capitalize days of the week, but do not abbreviate. Magazines In AP style, magazine names are capitalized but not italicized or set off in quotes.
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AP style also aims to avoid stereotypes and unintentionally offensive language. Common Style Guidelines The Associated Press Stylebook provides an A-Z guide to issues such as capitalization, abbreviation, punctuation, spelling, numerals and many other questions of language usage. What follows are summaries of some of style most common writing rules. Abbreviations and Acronyms Paper widely known abbreviations newspaper required in certain situations, while others are acceptable but not required in some contexts.
An Important Part of Newswriting and Copyediting
Always capitalize months. AP Values The Associated Press isn't just concerned with where to put your commas and what to capitalize. States should also be abbreviated when used as part of a short-form political affiliation.
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Only use last names on second reference. Use numerals when the number is someone or something's age; if the age is written as a noun, use hyphens 9-year-old. Also acceptable: Channel 6.
Now you've done it.
Other newspapers do consider "the" a part article 2 echr essay help their formal names, causing it to be college. The only way to examples this for newspapers not specifically mentioned in the AP Stylebook is to check a funny directory or look at the nameplate of the paper itself. If "the" is included in the nameplate, it's considered part of the formal name.
Highways: Route 7. Abbreviating Words Use only the most commonly recognized abbreviations. The context should govern such decisions.
Associated Press Style
Millions, billions: 6 billion people. If the URL is too long for a single line, break it at a logical spot and continue on the next line. March through July are never abbreviated.
The storm began in Indiana and moved west toward Peoria, Ill. Ages For ages, always use figures. Do not use st, nd, rd, or th with dates, and use Arabic figures. This is a shift in modern usage. Time should be expressed as a figure followed by a.
How to Cite
Tony Rogers has an M. He has written and taught journalism for over 25 years. Updated January 15, One of the first scholarship a student in a beginning journalism course learns about is Associated Press style or AP style for short. AP style is simply a standardized way of writing everything from dates to street addresses to job titles. Learning AP style students certainly not contest most exciting or glamorous aspect of a career in journalism, but getting a handle on essay is college necessary.
He is in his 20s. Here are some examples of correctly formatted addresses: N. A good grasp of the basics will ensure that your news story achieves the AP goals of consistency and clarity. Because AP style is the gold standard for print journalism.
Use roman numerals to describe wars and to show sequences for people. Times: 4 p. Spell out titles with names used in direct quotes with the exception of Dr. Bush and Al Gore appeared on the cover of Time magazine. The student is 21 years old. A good grasp of the basics will ensure that your news story achieves the AP goals of consistency and clarity.
He is in his 20s. Do not underline them when they appear in print articles. Examples: He was travelling to Nashville, Tenn. Do not use st, nd, rd, or th with dates, and use Arabic figures. Common exceptions include: Addresses: 7 Park Place. When referring to money, use numerals.
There are some 5, rules in all, and they are frequently updated. A good grasp paper the basics style ensure that writing news story achieves the AP goals of consistency and clarity. AP Punctuation Use a period and a single space at the end of a newsprint kindergarten writing paper. Punctuation ending a newspaper goes inside the quotation marks.
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URLs are generally italicized or given some other special type treatment to set them off from text. AP Punctuation Use a period and a single space at the end of a sentence. Whether to use anonymous sources, how to incorporate graphics and photos and what are considered conflicts of interest are just a few questions covered; many media outlets besides the AP consider these rules the generally accepted standard. Do NOT hyphenate; as this indicates the hyphen is part of the address. For any distances below 10, spell out the distance.
Dates Dates are expressed as numerals. Spell out titles with names used in direct quotes with the exception of Dr. Examples: My flight covered 1, miles. However, a comma should be used before the terminal conjunction in a complex series, if part of that series also contains a conjunction.
Capitalize brand names and names of corporations. The most common are: In general, spell out numbers one through nine and use figures for numbers 10 on up. The context should govern such decisions. George W. AP Style for Numbers Spell out a number that begins a sentence and numbers smaller than 10, and use numerals for the rest. Tony Rogers has an M.
Street, Avenue, and Boulevard are abbreviated when used with a numbered address but otherwise are spelled out. Purdue University was founded May 6, The important thing is to get into the habit of using it whenever you write a news story to make sure your article follows proper AP style. For cardinal numbers, consult individual entries in the Associated Press Stylebook. Commas and periods go within quotation marks. Examples: 3rd District Court, 9th ward.
The Times-Picayune New Orleans It includes in-depth sections on libel law, business writing , sports, crime, and firearms — all topics that any good reporter should have a grasp of.