He saw there being two kinds of inequalities. One is natural inequality, which was mentioned previously and the other is social inequality. Natural inequality is when you naturally have an ability or talent, such as being a better singer, being a better runner, or even just being more attractive.
Afterwards, the capitalist patriarchal state will be defined. The essay will begin by providing a brief introduction into the two perspectives of Functionalism and Marxism, focusing on the theories of the French Sociologist Emile Durkheim and the German philosopher Karl Marx.
Compare and contrast the difference between alternative concepts of the division of labour between Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim? Division of labour is the specialization of cooperative labour in specific, circumscribed tasks and like roles. References: Borgatta, E.
Encyclopedia of Sociology. Durkheim, Emile. Calhoun, J. Gerteis, J. Moody, S. Pfaff, and I. Hill, L. Marx, Karl. Smith, Adam. It appears that this situation can resemble the concept of division of labor, described by French sociologist Emile Durkheim. This statement implies that work relations between people are based on mutually beneficial exchange of goods and services. This exchange in its turn is stipulated by the division of labor. He believed that major benefit of division of labor is creating and maintaining solidarity between people.
Therefore, his analysis has much wider meaning than simply defining the degree of specialization in the economic institution. He specified two types of solidarity: the organic solidarity and the mechanical one. Mechanical solidarity creates bonds between people with similar background, views, and interests. In such society not only actions but even thoughts and feelings of its members are very similar.
Unlike mechanical solidarity, organic solidarity is caused by division of labor. In other words, if one person performs some operations in a process of creating goods or services while another person performs other operations, together they collaborate in order to achieve their common goal.
On the other hand, organic solidarity, caused by the division of labor, has an impact on individuality of society members and increases social differentiation.
In the modern society, which can be characterized by organic solidarity, collective conscience is weak and members are dependable on each other due to their specialization on particular parts of production process.
In one of writings Marx talks about the notion of human beings being able to distinguish themselves from animals through the ability to have consciousness, or being able to control there own lives. However, thinking logically the following question arises: if members of a society are strong individuals, should not solidarity between them be weaker? Durkheim, Emile. Hill, L.
Pfaff, and I. As a boy, he was enraptured by the scientific approach to society, but at that time, there was no social science curriculum.
On the other hand, organic solidarity, caused by the division of labor, has an impact on individuality of society members and increases social differentiation. He studied Hebrew, the Talmud, the Old Testament, as well as the curriculum taught in secular schools At the same time, people can feel strong antipathy to someone who is different from them. Division of labour is the specialization of cooperative labour in specific, circumscribed tasks and like roles. Eventually they become collectivity or psychologically isolated individuals, who interact with one another but are oriented inward and are bound together primarily by contractual ties. The challenge is the management of attaching different values without causation of detriment to the system