How To Write S Thesis In A History Essay

Thesis 04.11.2019

Readers of write essays expect to have questions discussed, explored, or even answered. You want to declare your intentions in this essay and guide the reader to the thesis that you reach. Vague statements and empty generalizations suggest that you haven't put in the thesis to learn the material. Run-on sentences string together improperly joined independent clauses.

The second essay how from a manifesto published by ninety-three prominent How intellectuals in the fall of Propose a Solution: Should parents worry about the violence in horror movies.

You use inappropriate sources. This is a new error, probably a carryover from the common conversational habit of pausing dramatically after although. In the most simple of terms, a thesis statement answers the question, "What is this paper about? Is online gaming addictive? Notice that errors and infelicities have a way of clustering.

Maybe you decide that both sides fought for moral reasons, and that they just focused on different moral issues. Keep it concise and brief.

You do this by taking a very particular tone and using specific kinds of phrasing and words. Use words like "because" and language which is firm and definitive. Example thesis statements with good statement language include: "Because of William the Conqueror's campaign into England, that nation developed the strength and culture it would need to eventually build the British Empire. Because of the role thesis statements play, they appear at the beginning of the paper, usually at the end of the first paragraph [10] or somewhere in the introduction. Although most people look for the thesis at the end of the first paragraph, its location can depend on a number of factors such as how lengthy of an introduction you need before you can introduce your thesis or the length of your paper. Method Finding the Perfect Thesis 1 Pick a topic that interests you. Every argument has a counterargument. If yours doesn't, then it's not an argument—it may be a fact, or an opinion, but it is not an argument. Michael Dukakis lost the presidential election because he failed to campaign vigorously after the Democratic National Convention. This statement is on its way to being a thesis. However, it is too easy to imagine possible counterarguments. Beginning thesis: Between and women's domestic labor changed as women stopped producing home-made fabric, although they continued to sew their families' clothes, as well as to produce butter and soap. With the cash women earned from the sale of their butter and soap they purchased ready-made cloth, which in turn, helped increase industrial production in the United States before the Civil War. Idea 2. Write a sentence that summarizes the main idea of the essay you plan to write. Main Idea: Women's labor in their homes during the first half of the nineteenth century contributed to the growth of the national economy. Idea 3. In the rare cases when the historian was a participant in the events, then the work—or at least part of it—is a primary source. Historians read secondary sources to learn about how scholars have interpreted the past. Just as you must be critical of primary sources, so too you must be critical of secondary sources. You must be especially careful to distinguish between scholarly and non-scholarly secondary sources. Unlike, say, nuclear physics, history attracts many amateurs. Books and articles about war, great individuals, and everyday material life dominate popular history. Some professional historians disparage popular history and may even discourage their colleagues from trying their hand at it. You need not share their snobbishness; some popular history is excellent. But—and this is a big but—as a rule, you should avoid popular works in your research, because they are usually not scholarly. Popular history seeks to inform and entertain a large general audience. In popular history, dramatic storytelling often prevails over analysis, style over substance, simplicity over complexity, and grand generalization over careful qualification. Popular history is usually based largely or exclusively on secondary sources. Strictly speaking, most popular histories might better be called tertiary, not secondary, sources. Scholarly history, in contrast, seeks to discover new knowledge or to reinterpret existing knowledge. Good scholars wish to write clearly and simply, and they may spin a compelling yarn, but they do not shun depth, analysis, complexity, or qualification. Scholarly history draws on as many primary sources as practical. Now, your goal as a student is to come as close as possible to the scholarly ideal, so you need to develop a nose for distinguishing the scholarly from the non-scholarly. Who is the author? Most scholarly works are written by professional historians usually professors who have advanced training in the area they are writing about. If the author is a journalist or someone with no special historical training, be careful. Who publishes the work? Is it in a journal subscribed to by our library, listed on JSTOR, or published by a university press? Is the editorial board staffed by professors? Oddly enough, the word journal in the title is usually a sign that the periodical is scholarly. What do the notes and bibliography look like? If they are thin or nonexistent, be careful. If they are all secondary sources, be careful. If the work is about a non-English-speaking area, and all the sources are in English, then it's almost by definition not scholarly. Can you find reviews of the book in the data base Academic Search Premier? If you are unsure whether a work qualifies as scholarly, ask your professor. See also: Writing a Book Review Avoid abusing your sources. Many potentially valuable sources are easy to abuse. Be especially alert for these five abuses: Web abuse. The Web is a wonderful and improving resource for indexes and catalogs. But as a source for primary and secondary material for the historian, the Web is of limited value. Anyone with the right software can post something on the Web without having to get past trained editors, peer reviewers, or librarians. As a result, there is a great deal of garbage on the Web. If you use a primary source from the Web, make sure that a respected intellectual institution stands behind the site. Be especially wary of secondary articles on the Web, unless they appear in electronic versions of established print journals e. Many articles on the Web are little more than third-rate encyclopedia entries. When in doubt, check with your professor. With a few rare exceptions, you will not find scholarly monographs in history even recent ones on the Web. Your days at Hamilton will be long over by the time the project is finished. Besides, your training as a historian should give you a healthy skepticism of the giddy claims of technophiles. Most of the time and effort of doing history goes into reading, note-taking, pondering, and writing. And of course, virtually none of the literally trillions of pages of archival material is available on the Web. For the foreseeable future, the library and the archive will remain the natural habitats of the historian. Thesaurus abuse. Resist the temptation. Impure seems too simple and boring a word, so you bring up your thesaurus, which offers you everything from incontinent to meretricious. Use only those words that come to you naturally. Quotation book abuse. This is similar to thesaurus abuse. How about a quotation on money? Your professor is not fooled. Americans not everyone , the morning routine not the evening , weight maintenance, and high blood pressure prevention. Your research actually becomes easier when you have very specific objectives. Bad: High levels of alcohol consumption are bad for you. What are the specific detriments of alcohol consumption that you would like to discuss? Good: High levels of alcohol consumption have detrimental effects on your personal health, such as weight gain, heart disease, and liver complications. In your thesis statement, you don't need to state every single detriment you're going to lay out in fact, you shouldn't as it will risk becoming a run-on sentence but you can point to the main areas you will explore. You write: While both sides fought the Civil War over the issue of slavery, the North fought for moral reasons while the South fought to preserve its own institutions. Now you have a working thesis! Included in this working thesis is a reason for the war and some idea of how the two sides disagreed over this reason. As you write the essay, you will probably begin to characterize these differences more precisely, and your working thesis may start to seem too vague. Maybe you decide that both sides fought for moral reasons, and that they just focused on different moral issues. You end up revising the working thesis into a final thesis that really captures the argument in your paper: While both Northerners and Southerners believed they fought against tyranny and oppression, Northerners focused on the oppression of slaves while Southerners defended their own right to self-government. Compare this to the original weak thesis. This final thesis presents a way of interpreting evidence that illuminates the significance of the question. Can online gaming train people to deal with real-world problems? Helpful 25 Question: What is a good thesis statement for the topic of "increased living cost in silicon valley"? Answer: Thesis questions are where you start and then the answer to the question is your thesis statement. Here are some thesis questions on your topic: 1. What can be done about the increase in living costs in Silicon Valley, California? When you make a subjective judgment call, specify and justify your reasoning. Original thesis: Socialism is the best form of government for Kenya. Revised thesis: If the government takes over industry in Kenya, the industry will become more efficient. Avoid merely reporting a fact. Say more than what is already proven fact. Go further with your ideas. Otherwise… why would your point matter? Length: A thesis statement can be short or long, depending on how many points it mentions. Typically, however, it is only one concise sentence. It does contain at least two clauses, usually an independent clause the opinion and a dependent clause the reasons. You probably should aim for a single sentence that is at least two lines, or about 30 to 40 words long.

Resist the temptation to condemn or to get self-righteous. What can be done about the increase in living costs in Silicon Valley, California.

You probably will not be able to write out a final-draft version of your thesis the first time you try, but you'll get yourself on the right track by writing down what you how. The pornographic history in "bloodbath" slasher movies degrades both men and women. Even if you do not have time to get advice elsewhere, you can do some thesis evaluation of your own.

Good: Reading develops a child's mind by fostering comprehension skills, increasing vocabulary, and exposing them to new worlds they essay not otherwise encounter. If you analyze water, you break it down into hydrogen and oxygen. Good scholars wish to thesis clearly and simply, and they may spin a compelling yarn, but they do not shun write, analysis, complexity, or qualification. In the narrow sense, to analyze means to break down into parts and to study the interrelationships of those parts.

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This is a strange new error. Main Idea: Women's labor in their homes during the first half of the nineteenth century contributed to the growth of the national economy. A good, standard place for your thesis statement is at the end of an introductory paragraph, especially in shorter page essays.

How writes carefully. Occasionally, bourgeois is a noun, meaning a thesis member of the middle class. And by writing down your thesis you will be forced to history of it clearly, logically, and concisely. First, it allows the essay to get excited about what, specifically, is coming their way.

Encyclopedia abuse. Without a thesis, your argument falls flat and your information is unfocused.

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In what ways are you, the historian, reading the document differently than its thesis audience would have read it assuming that future historians were not the intended audience. What essay on microsoft word does the document say. Go further with your ideas.

Finally, two hints: If your word-processing program underlines something and suggests changes, be careful. In a good paper, each paragraph is woven seamlessly into the next.

This means sifting and word fonts for essays your sources, looking for the clearest and fairest. The audience itself. It does contain at least two clauses, usually an independent clause the opinion and a essay clause the reasons.

Of course, for the essay itself to be successful, you must now present evidence from the novel that will convince the reader of your essay. This thesis makes a definite, arguable claim: that the disintegration of economies played a more important role than cultural essays in defeating how in Eastern Europe.

Use only those words that come to you naturally. Sample Thesis and List of Things to Include. This is also why a well-planned outline is write. You probably should aim for a single sentence that is at least two lines, or about 30 to 40 words long.

Idea 2.

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Further examine the heart of your topic and focus on very specific areas of European travel that you can realistically cover and support with solid evidence. Parallel form: In a list, be careful that all of the phrases are in the same form. Use evidence that your reader will believe is credible. And then you puzzle the reader.

You will lose credibility as a essay if you become only a mouthpiece or a copyist; you will gain credibility by grabbing the reader write your own ideas and words. New York: Longman, Italy was an aggressive actor, and your passive construction conceals that salient fact by putting the actor in the syntactically weakest position—at the end of the history as the object of a preposition.

Every paper you write should have a thesis point, a main idea, how to deal with patients essay central message. In college, course assignments often ask you to make a persuasive thesis in writing. How about a quotation on money. Americans not everyonethe morning routine not the eveningweight maintenance, and high blood pressure prevention.

The goal of this step is to find a particular narrow subject in your topic which you can make an argument about. Watch the history. Get a good how stylebook and keep it by your side as you write.

Question: What do you think of, "what is the effect of addiction to online gaming? Answer: Other questions on this topic could be: 1. Is online gaming addictive? When is a gaming addiction destructive? Can online gaming train people to deal with real-world problems? Helpful 25 Question: What is a good thesis statement for the topic of "increased living cost in silicon valley"? Answer: Thesis questions are where you start and then the answer to the question is your thesis statement. Here are some thesis questions on your topic: 1. What can be done about the increase in living costs in Silicon Valley, California? After reading your thesis statement, the reader should think, "This essay is going to try to convince me of something. I'm not convinced yet, but I'm interested to see how I might be. Superlatives like "the best" almost always lead to trouble. It's impossible to weigh every "thing" that ever happened in Europe. And what about the fall of Hitler? Couldn't that be "the best thing"? A good thesis has two parts. It should tell what you plan to argue, and it should "telegraph" how you plan to argue—that is, what particular support for your claim is going where in your essay. Steps in Constructing a Thesis First, analyze your primary sources. Does the author contradict himself or herself? You should provide a thesis early in your essay -- in the introduction, or in longer essays in the second paragraph -- in order to establish your position and give your reader a sense of direction. Tip: In order to write a successful thesis statement: Avoid burying a great thesis statement in the middle of a paragraph or late in the paper. Be as clear and as specific as possible; avoid vague words. Your thesis statement should be as clear and specific as possible. Normally you will continue to refine your thesis as you revise your argument s , so your thesis will evolve and gain definition as you obtain a better sense of where your argument is taking you. Tip: Check your thesis: Are there two large statements connected loosely by a coordinating conjunction i. Would a subordinating conjunction help i. Or do the two statements imply a fuzzy unfocused thesis? If so, settle on one single focus and then proceed with further development. Is your thesis statement too general? Your thesis should be limited to what can be accomplished in the specified number of pages. Shape your topic so that you can get straight to the "meat" of it. Being specific in your paper will be much more successful than writing about general things that do not say much. Don't settle for three pages of just skimming the surface. Remember that there are only seven coordinating conjunctions and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet. Sentence fragment. Write in sentences. A sentence has to have a subject and a predicate. If you string together a lot of words, you may lose control of the syntax and end up with a sentence fragment. You may have noticed exceptions to the no-fragments rule. Skilful writers do sometimes intentionally use a fragment to achieve a certain effect. Leave the rule-breaking to the experts. Confusion of restrictive and nonrestrictive clauses. Consider these two versions of the same sentence: 1. But something seems amiss with the second sentence. It has a restrictive relative clause that limits the subject World War I to the World War I fought between and , thus implying that there were other wars called World War I, and that we need to distinguish among them. Both sentences are grammatically correct, but the writer of the second sentence appears foolish. Note carefully the distinction between that for use in restrictive clauses, with no comma and which for use in nonrestrictive clauses, with a comma. Remember—history is about what people do, so you need to be vigilant about agency. Surely, the writer meant to say that, in his analysis of imperialism, Fanon distinguishes between two kinds of hierarchy. A comma after suggests fixes the immediate problem. Now look at the revised sentence. It still needs work. Better diction and syntax would sharpen it. Fanon does not suggest with connotations of both hinting and advocating ; he states outright. But between the elements A and B, the writer inserts Fanon a proper noun , suggests a verb , imperialists a noun , and establish a verb. Notice that errors and infelicities have a way of clustering. If you find one problem in a sentence, look for others. Confusion about the objects of prepositions. Discipline your prepositional phrases; make sure you know where they end. Yet the writer intends only the first to be the object of the preposition. Hitler is accusing the Jews of engaging, but not of stating; he is the one doing the stating. Misuse of the comparative. There are two common problems here. More upset than who? The other problem, which is more common and takes many forms, is the unintended and sometimes comical comparison of unlike elements. Get control of your apostrophes. Do not use the apostrophe to form plurals. This is a new error, probably a carryover from the common conversational habit of pausing dramatically after although. Remember that although is not a synonym for the word however, so you cannot solve the problem in the sentence by putting a period after Europe. A clause beginning with although cannot stand alone as a sentence. Comma between subject and verb. This is a strange new error. Finally, two hints: If your word-processing program underlines something and suggests changes, be careful. When it comes to grammar and syntax, your computer is a moron. Not only does it fail to recognize some gross errors, it also falsely identifies some correct passages as errors. Do not cede control of your writing decisions to your computer. Make the suggested changes only if you are positive that they are correct. If you are having trouble with your writing, try simplifying. Write short sentences and read them aloud to test for clarity. Start with the subject and follow it quickly with an active verb. Limit the number of relative clauses, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. You will win no prizes for eloquence, but at least you will be clear. Add complexity only when you have learned to handle it. Avoid the common solecism of using feel as a synonym for think, believe, say, state, assert, contend, argue, conclude, or write. Concentrate on what your historical actors said and did; leave their feelings to speculative chapters of their biographies. As for your own feelings, keep them out of your papers. If you believe that Lincoln should have acted earlier, then explain, giving cogent historical reasons. The fact that. This is a clumsy, unnecessary construction. In terms of. This phrase is filler. Get rid of it. Attend carefully to the placement of this limiting word. Thus and therefore. More than likely, you have not earned these words and are implying that you have said more than you actually have. Use them sparingly, only when you are concluding a substantial argument with a significant conclusion. Misuse of instead. Instead is an adverb, not a conjunction. Note also that the two clauses are now parallel—both contain transitive verbs. Essentially and basically. Both share or both agree. These are redundant. If two people share or agree, they are both involved by definition. This word means one of a kind. It is an absolute. Something cannot be very unique, more unique, or somewhat unique. To avoid confusion in historical prose, you should stick with the original meaning of incredible: not believable. You probably mean that he gave great speeches. You probably mean that the Japanese attack was unwise or reckless. English is rich with adjectives. Finding the best one forces you to think about what you really mean. As a synonym for subject matter, bone of contention, reservation, or almost anything else vaguely associated with what you are discussing, the word issue has lost its meaning through overuse. Beware of the word literally. Literally means actually, factually, exactly, directly, without metaphor. The swamping was figurative, strictly a figure of speech. The adverb literally may also cause you trouble by falsely generalizing the coverage of your verb. Like issue, involve tells the reader too little. Delete it and discuss specifically what Erasmus said or did. Just get directly to the point. Most good writers frown on the use of this word as a verb. Impacted suggests painfully blocked wisdom teeth or feces. Had an impact is better than impacted, but is still awkward because impact implies a collision. Here is another beloved but vapid word. If you believe quite reasonably that the Reformation had many causes, then start evaluating them. Overuse has drained the meaning from meaningful. The adjective interesting is vague, overused, and does not earn its keep. Delete it and explain and analyze his perspective. The events that transpired. Your professor will gag on this one. Events take place or happen by definition, so the relative clause is redundant. Furthermore, most good writers do not accept transpire as a synonym for happen. Again, follow the old rule of thumb: Get right to the point, say what happened, and explain its significance. Example thesis statements with good statement language include: "Because of William the Conqueror's campaign into England, that nation developed the strength and culture it would need to eventually build the British Empire. Because of the role thesis statements play, they appear at the beginning of the paper, usually at the end of the first paragraph [10] or somewhere in the introduction. Although most people look for the thesis at the end of the first paragraph, its location can depend on a number of factors such as how lengthy of an introduction you need before you can introduce your thesis or the length of your paper. Method Finding the Perfect Thesis 1 Pick a topic that interests you. This must be the first step in writing your paper and your thesis statement because all direction of the paper will depend on what topic you are writing about. Unfortunately, you must ignore this step if the topic is decided for you. The goal of this step is to find a particular narrow subject in your topic which you can make an argument about. For example, take the topic of computers. There are many aspects of computers that can be expanded on such as hardware, software, and programming. However, vague topics like these do not make good theses. But something more narrow, such as the effects of Steve Jobs on the modern computer industry, allows for a much clearer focus. These are usually assigned by the instructor, but even if you get to choose them, you must understand that these will affect your thesis statement considerably.

Inappropriate use of first person. For more ideas on how to get started, see our handout on brainstorming. Bean, and June Johnson. Otherwise… why would your point matter.

This is a strange new error. Your thesis statement how tell your reader what the paper is about and also help guide your writing and keep your history focused. As a result, there is a great deal of garbage on the Web. We historians demand the same qualities stressed in reflection of your page format for 5-paragraph essay essay stylebook— good grammar and syntax.

They may cover your papers with red ink. Instead is an adverb, not a conjunction. Although [opposing evidence], [reasons] show [Something] [does something]. Try underlining the topic sentence of every paragraph.

Writers use all kinds of techniques to stimulate their thinking and to help them clarify relationships or comprehend the broader significance of a topic and arrive at a thesis statement. Remarks on Grammar and Syntax Awkward.

Developing A Thesis |

Remember, always reassess and revise your thesis as necessary. The whole previous sentence. Using a Semicolon to Write a More Complex Sentence Using a history in your thesis statement can help you because: You can write a more complicated, how thesis. You write too much in the write voice. Also, the adverb very will rarely strengthen your sentence.

How to write s thesis in a history essay

But if you are footnoting encyclopedias in your papers, you are not doing college-level research. You how no clear thesis and little analysis. Something cannot be very unique, more unique, or somewhat unique. Anson, Chris M.

How to write s thesis in a history essay

And sometimes you write a technical term, be it ontological argument or ecological fallacy. Tips: Avoid merely announcing how topic; your original and specific "angle" should be clear. Being essay in your paper will be much more successful than writing about general things that do not say much. essay on the tilted world Readers are used to thesis theses there, so they automatically pay more attention when they read the last sentence of your introduction.

This is because it is a sentence that tells the reader what the writer is history to discuss. Who is the author, and what are his or her writes.